UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop
adaptation strategies:
The impact of glacier retreat in the Andes: Internati...
How will Climate effect water
Availability?
Can we predict the future
changes which are responsive
to “user” needs?
Wallling 2008
Human activity has increased dramatically
over the last 60 years
Steffen et al. (2004)
Wagener et al (2010)
Human activity...
Changing Glaciers
Impacts Who cares?
1. landscape tourism, safety
2. culture/spirituality mountain societies
3. regional w...
Strengthening global water initiatives to
Sustain world water governance
The IHP oval is in bold for
readability only, sin...
UNESCO’S Intergovernmental
Scientific Cooperative Programme in
Hydrology and Water Resources
The International Hydrologica...
Water dependencies:
Systems under Stress and Societal
Response
Water at UNESCO:
"The three plus one pillars"
• International Hydrological Programme- IHP
IHP Secretariat : Paris+ Field O...
IHP VIII (2014-2021)“Water Security:
Responses to Local, Regional, and Global
Challenges”
Water-related
Disasters and
Hydr...
IHP initiative:
Assessment of Snow, Glacier
and Water Resources
T h e n e e d f o r a w o r l d w i d e
inventory of existing perennial ice
and snow masses was first
c o n s i d e r e d ...
• Which of the river systems are most affected by snow-
and glacier-melt contributions to streamflow?
• Will the relative ...
Series of Workshop and meetings undertaken within the
framework of
Working Group on Snow, Ice and
Glaciers (GTNH)-LAC
Regional Workshop: Melting snow and glaciers in the Andes:
Science, technology and policy for adaptation to cope with
comp...
Inception workshop
The Impact of Glacier Retreat in the Andes: International
Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Stra...
28-30 November 2006, Almaty
Kazakhstan
Regional Workshop:
Assessment of Snow-Glacier and Water Resources in Asia
The Impact of Glacier Retreat in the
Andes: International
Multidisciplinary Network for
Adaptation Strategies
2012-2015
Objectives
• Reduce uncertainty through downscaling and customizing global
climate change scenarios and to assess water av...
Group A: Climate impact assessment: snow,
glacier, and water resources
• training workshop on climate trend analysis and
d...
Group B: Vulnerability assessment
• Environmental and non-environmental drivers
of vulnerability;
• key determinants of vu...
Group C: Policy assessment
Review current and future national adaptation
strategies and their relevance to community level...
IHP coordinated programme
UNESCO’s global programme “Climate Change
Impacts in Major Mountainous Regions of the
World: Mul...
Objectives
• to enhanced resilience to global change, particularly
climate change, through improved understanding of
vulne...
• To raise awareness and strengthen human and institutional
capacities to cope with climate change impacts and develop
ada...
ACTIVITIES (2013)
Regional workshops (2013)
Regional workshops will be organized in Africa, Asia and Latin
America involvi...
Science policy workshop
Impacts of Global Climate Change on Snow, Glaciers and
Water Resources in the Andes: Policy recomm...
UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies
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UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies

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UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies

  1. 1. UNESCO’ multidisciplinary approach to develop adaptation strategies: The impact of glacier retreat in the Andes: International Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies Siegfried Demuth International Hydrological Programme Hydrological Systems and Global Change Section UNESCO, Paris
  2. 2. How will Climate effect water Availability? Can we predict the future changes which are responsive to “user” needs?
  3. 3. Wallling 2008
  4. 4. Human activity has increased dramatically over the last 60 years Steffen et al. (2004) Wagener et al (2010) Human activity now rivals geologic‐scale forces [Kieffer, 2009], with a footprint that is deepening and widening rapidly across the planet
  5. 5. Changing Glaciers Impacts Who cares? 1. landscape tourism, safety 2. culture/spirituality mountain societies 3. regional water availability systems downriver 4. global sea level costal societies/infrastructures 5. climate indicators (instruments) science → society Georg Kaser, 2011
  6. 6. Strengthening global water initiatives to Sustain world water governance The IHP oval is in bold for readability only, since it overlaps with so many other initiatives. The acronyms identify various global water initiatives, and their placement is a schematic attempt to situate them according to their primary institutional aims. By: Varady, Robert G., Katherine Meehan, John Rodda, Matthew Iles-Shih, and Emily McGovern (2008)
  7. 7. UNESCO’S Intergovernmental Scientific Cooperative Programme in Hydrology and Water Resources The International Hydrological Programme (IHP) is the only Intergovernmental programme of the UN system devoted to water research, water resources management, and education and capacity building. The programme, tailored to Member State’s needs, is implemented in six- year phases- allowing it to adapt to a rapidly changing world.
  8. 8. Water dependencies: Systems under Stress and Societal Response
  9. 9. Water at UNESCO: "The three plus one pillars" • International Hydrological Programme- IHP IHP Secretariat : Paris+ Field Offices + Regional settings National Committees in member states - 161 UN World Water Assessment Programme: periodical compilation of the World Water Development Report (WWDR) four issues (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) Network of 26+ (more in the pipeline) IHP Water Centers UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education: Postgraduate education for water professionals (Delft, The Netherlands)
  10. 10. IHP VIII (2014-2021)“Water Security: Responses to Local, Regional, and Global Challenges” Water-related Disasters and Hydrological Change Groundwater in a Changing Environment Addressing Water Scarcity and Quality Water and Human Settlements of the Future Ecohydrology, Engineering Harmony for a Sustainable World Water Education, Key for Water Security Water Security: Responses to Local, Regional, and Global Challenges
  11. 11. IHP initiative: Assessment of Snow, Glacier and Water Resources
  12. 12. T h e n e e d f o r a w o r l d w i d e inventory of existing perennial ice and snow masses was first c o n s i d e r e d d u r i n g t h e International Hydrological Decade (1965- 1974) declared by UNESCO
  13. 13. • Which of the river systems are most affected by snow- and glacier-melt contributions to streamflow? • Will the relative importance of snow and glacier melt compared to rainfall change with global warming? • How many people within each river basin will be affected by changes to river regimes and to what extent will their lives and livelihoods be affected?
  14. 14. Series of Workshop and meetings undertaken within the framework of Working Group on Snow, Ice and Glaciers (GTNH)-LAC
  15. 15. Regional Workshop: Melting snow and glaciers in the Andes: Science, technology and policy for adaptation to cope with complexity in the context of climate change 12-15 September 2011, Santiago, Chile
  16. 16. Inception workshop The Impact of Glacier Retreat in the Andes: International Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies Lima , Peru 29-30, May 2012
  17. 17. 28-30 November 2006, Almaty Kazakhstan Regional Workshop: Assessment of Snow-Glacier and Water Resources in Asia
  18. 18. The Impact of Glacier Retreat in the Andes: International Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies 2012-2015
  19. 19. Objectives • Reduce uncertainty through downscaling and customizing global climate change scenarios and to assess water availability and demand scenarios for the Andean region (Case studies); • Raise awareness and enhance capacities to assess, monitor and communicate the impacts of and responses to climate change on natural and socio-economic environments at local, national and regional levels; • Develop strategies and policy guidelines considering vulnerabilities, opportunities and potentials for adaptation, with particular reference to strengthening the role of local communities; • Facilitate and strengthen ongoing research activities in the region; • Develop education and training activities
  20. 20. Group A: Climate impact assessment: snow, glacier, and water resources • training workshop on climate trend analysis and downscaling of climate scenarios and; • field course on glacier monitoring and mass balance.
  21. 21. Group B: Vulnerability assessment • Environmental and non-environmental drivers of vulnerability; • key determinants of vulnerability and challenges for adaptive capacity; • identification of land use changes and socio- economic conditions as a result of climate change; • Identification of most vulnerable communities and groups.
  22. 22. Group C: Policy assessment Review current and future national adaptation strategies and their relevance to community level; Policy impact analysis and policy changes. Constraints for policy implementation Opportunities for policies at the national and regional levels
  23. 23. IHP coordinated programme UNESCO’s global programme “Climate Change Impacts in Major Mountainous Regions of the World: Multidisciplinary Network for Adaptation Strategies (Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Europe)”
  24. 24. Objectives • to enhanced resilience to global change, particularly climate change, through improved understanding of vulnerabilities, opportunities and potentials for adaptation. • to develop strategies and policies based on scientific/evidence-based knowledge in major mountain regions of Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.
  25. 25. • To raise awareness and strengthen human and institutional capacities to cope with climate change impacts and develop adaptation strategies for mountain regions; • To identify the most vulnerable communities and groups in selected study area; • To analyze conditions for a policy framework to support mountain communities to adapt to climate change and to develop best practise strategies.
  26. 26. ACTIVITIES (2013) Regional workshops (2013) Regional workshops will be organized in Africa, Asia and Latin America involving glaciologists, hydrologists, water resources experts, mountain biosphere managers, representatives from Natural Heritage sites, policy-makers, social scientists, local stakeholders and experts from UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP) and Man and the Biosphere (MAB) networks. Kathmandu, Nepal, March 2013 San Jose, Costa Rica August, 2013 Nairobi, Kenya- September , 2013 Paris, France- December, 2013
  27. 27. Science policy workshop Impacts of Global Climate Change on Snow, Glaciers and Water Resources in the Andes: Policy recommendations for Adaptation Strategies Quito, Ecuador, 20-22 November 2013 Organized by: UNESCO, CONDESAN, ACCIÓN in partnership with: FAO Mountain Partnership Secretariat, Grupo de Trabajo de Nieve y Hielo (GTNH-IHP)

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