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CPWF Mekong: An introduction


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Presentation of Kim Geheb, Mekong Basin Leader, as part of the "Simposio Internacional: El Desafío del Agua y la Alimentación en el Mundo" organized by National Authority of Water (ANA) in Peru and the Consorcio para el Desarrollo Sostenible de la Ecorregión Andina (CONDESAN). June 3, 2013.

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CPWF Mekong: An introduction

  1. 1. CPWF-Mekong: An introductionKim Geheb, CPWF-Mekong Basin Leader
  2. 2. The Mekong River Basin Area: 795,00 km2 Shared by China (21%), Laos 25%), Burma(3%), Thailand (23%, Cambodia (20%) andVietnam (8%). Length: 4,909 km. Discharge: 457 km3 (China 16%, Burma2%, Laos 35%, Thailand 18%, Cambodia18%, Vietnam 11%).
  3. 3. Major SEA Basins
  4. 4. MRB profile
  5. 5. The Tonle Sap and basin fisheries World’s 2nd mostdiverse. Engages +/- 40million people. 2 million m.t.landed annually. 500,000 m.t. OAAsannually. 2 million m.t.aquaculture.
  6. 6.  LMB= 30,000 MW. UMB = 28,930 MW In LMB more than 3,235 MW has been met. 3,209 MW currently under construction.MRB Hydropower Potential
  7. 7. 500#1000#1500#2200#2300#1200# 1000# 800# 600# 400# 200# 0#Eleva/on#(m)#Distance#from#border#(km)#Mensong#(cancelled)#Ganlanba#Jinghong#Nuozhadu#Dachaoshan#Manwan#Xiaowan#Gongguoqiao#Tiemenkan#(cancelled)#Huangdeng#Tuoba#Wunonglong#Jiabi#Longqingxia#The Lancang Cascade
  8. 8. Hydropower development in theMekong River Basin≈ 158 dams.Country Commissioned Construction Planned TotalsCambodia 0 2 11 13China 7 7 8 22Laos 17 14 69 100Myanmar 0 0 1 1Thailand 8 0 0 8Vietnam 14 0 0 14
  9. 9. CPWF-MekongTo reduce poverty andfoster development byoptimizing the use ofwater in reservoirs
  10. 10.  Be managed in ways that arefairer and more equitable to allwater users. Be managed and coordinatedacross cascades to optimizebenefits for all. Be planned and managed toaccount for environmental andsocial needs. Be used for multiple purposes. Be better governed and thebenefits better shared..Reservoirs will:If we’re successful, then…
  11. 11. CPWF-Mekong - basics US$10.8 million investment Funded by AusAID and CPWF Core Funds. Works in China, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia. 62 Formal partners. ≈140 informal partners. 7 MOUs or letters of association. 19 diverse projects implemented across the region.
  12. 12. Key issues that we address Low levels of CSR, standards & guidelines. Serious resettlement challenges. Low levels of innovation adoption – technical &managerial. Poor regulation & weak institutions. Opaque decision-making. Secret EIAs/SIAs Confused/non-existent governance. Major trans-boundary dimensions.
  13. 13.  Research for development projects. Partnerships – diversity. Convening power. Communications – engagement – dialogues.Base %International 9Thailand 12Cambodia 28Vietnam 18Lao PDR 26China 5Regional 2Type %Consultancy 5Government Agency 23Government Research Institute 7Independent Research Institute 5Network 5NGO 26University 2862 PartnersStrategies
  14. 14.  HSAP successes in China. Integrated farming systems in resettlementcommunities. Ecological functions for reservoirs. Improving dam responses to internationalsafeguards. Two Mekong Forums on Water, Food and Energy. New sustainable hydropower curricula. IWRM advances in Cambodia. Chinese downstream engagement. Successful convening power/R4D model.(Emerging) outcomes
  15. 15. Thanks for listening!