Nile Basin development challenge

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Presentation of Alan Duncan, Nile Basin Leader, as part of the "Simposio Internacional: El Desafío del Agua y la Alimentación en el Mundo" organized by the National Authority of Water (ANA) in Peru and the Consorcio para el Desarrollo Sostenible de la Ecorregión Andina (CONDESAN). June 3, 2013.

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Nile Basin development challenge

  1. 1. NILE BASIN DEVELOPMENTCHALLENGEPresented at Stakeholder meeting in LimaJune 3, 2013Alan Duncan
  2. 2. The Challenge: Improved rainwatermanagement• The Nile Basin Development Challenge(NBDC) Program aims to improve theresilience of rural livelihoods in the Ethiopianhighlands through a landscape approach torainwater management (RWM).• “Rainwater management” refers tointerventions to enable smallholder farmers tosustainably intensify agricultural productionthrough improved rainwater management.
  3. 3. Context: The Ethiopian Highlands• Densely populated• High levels of poverty and food insecurity• Rudimentary infrastructure• Until recently declining per capita food production.
  4. 4. The Water Tower of Africa• 85% of the flow in the NileBasin at Aswan Dam originatesfrom the Ethiopian Highlands
  5. 5. Rapid land degradation
  6. 6. Expansion of cultivation
  7. 7. Cultivation of steep slopes
  8. 8. Rainwater Management in theEthiopian Highlands: History• From the 1980s, a good understanding onthe effectiveness of different RWMtechnologies to sustainably intensifyproduction
  9. 9. Bunds
  10. 10. Check dams
  11. 11. Gully rehabilitation
  12. 12. Ponds
  13. 13. But … difficult to translateknowledge into success onthe groundWhy?
  14. 14. Why….?• Authoritarian top-down quota-drivenimplementation• Promotion of inappropriate technologies• Insufficient focus on improving productivity andlivelihoods and on creating incentives foradopting and maintaining the interventions.
  15. 15. Government campaigns
  16. 16. Destruction by farmers ofprevious interventions
  17. 17. NBDC: An Emerging R4D SuccessStory• Field level• Innovation platforms• Participatory planning tools• Basin and landscape level• Nile Goblet tool• Policy level• National platform
  18. 18. Innovation Platforms (IPs).Soil and waterconservationtechnologies
  19. 19. Or...Why Innovation Platforms?
  20. 20. Innovation PlatformsNBDCLocalResearchNGOPrivatesectorDistrictextensionDistrictwaterDistrictadminLeadfarmersNationalresearchCommCommComm
  21. 21. Participatory planning andlearning tools – Wat-a-Game
  22. 22. Nile Goblet ToolSuitabilitymapping ofrainwatermanagementstrategies
  23. 23. National RWM StakeholderPlatform
  24. 24. Emerging messages from NBDC• Local community empowerment andleadership based on demand, equity andinclusiveness;• Partnerships integrating and sharing local andscientific knowledge;• Emphasis on learning process by all parties ina linked manner;• Creating incentives and risk managementmechanisms for innovation and success;• Transforming the institutional and humancapacities of all stakeholders; and• Adapting and using new learning and planningtools.

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