Innovation Clusters: Is a small Silicon Valley possible in the Algarve?


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Francesco Berrettini esteve presente no seminário TEDx que se realizou em Portimão no dia 1 de Outubro de 2010, no TEMPO - Teatro Municipal de Portimão.

O Tedx é um evento que se realiza anualmente, onde alguns dos mais prestigiados pensadores a nível mundial são convidados a partilhar a sua visão sobre as mais diversas questões ligadas à inovação e tecnologia. TED significa Tecnology, Entertainement e Design - estas são as áreas abordadas pelos vários oradores.

Personalidades como Bill Clinton, Bill Gates, Sir Richard Branson ou Bono, são alguns exemplos de oradores que já participaram nos seminários TED

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Innovation Clusters: Is a small Silicon Valley possible in the Algarve?

  1. 1. is a smallSiliconValleypossible?<br />by Francesco Berrettini<br />
  2. 2. Index<br />FRANCESCO<br />Cluster definition<br />Basic Conditions: 2 models<br />Main Innovation Clusters in the World<br />the Algarve: my point of view<br />CONTACTS<br />
  3. 3. FRANCESCO<br />
  4. 4. Francesco<br />algarve<br />Economist<br />MBA Bocconi<br />Consultant & Teacher<br />C.E.O. Inesting<br />
  5. 5. Cluster definition<br />
  6. 6. Originoftheterm<br />Location of several producers of small dimensions in the same area or few producers of bigger dimensions.“Industrial Districts” by Alfred Marshall (1892)<br />High concentration of firms within the same business area, on both vertical and horizontal ways of the value chain.Analysis of the Italian Regions by Beccatini (1979)<br />Clusters are geographic concentrations of interconnected companies and institutions in a particular field.M. Porter’s Article in the Harward Business Review (1998)<br />
  7. 7. Definition<br />“Concentration of companies within the same business area on a defined geographical area: country, regionor city.”<br />
  8. 8. TechnologicalInnovation Clusters<br />Cluster is composed by companies that make a strong bet in technological innovation.<br />Lead the production of wealth in the regions where they are.<br />The role of information technologies is the main predominant in its products.<br />Base <br />Investigation<br />AppliedInvestigation<br />Development<br />
  9. 9. Basic Conditions: 2 models<br />
  10. 10. Model #1: McKinsey<br />Key elements which constitute the necessary conditions for the development of the innovation clusters:<br />Intervention of the big innovative companies<br />Availability of public funding<br />Existence of New Talents<br />Presence of Venture Capitalist<br />
  11. 11. Model #2: Paul Graham<br />To have a technology hub we need 2 kinds of people:<br />rich people<br />nerds<br />
  12. 12. Model #2: Paul Graham<br />A place where investors would like to live and students would like to stay after studying.<br />sun & beach<br />
  13. 13. Model #2: Paul Graham<br />A Check-list…<br />No bureaucracy<br />No buildings<br />Universities<br />Personalities<br />Nerds<br />Youth<br />Time<br />Competition<br />
  14. 14. Main Innovation Clusters in the World<br />
  15. 15. SiliconValley<br />Stock market performance is 8 times better than other companies.<br />Large companies were first used as an anchor, but later on as a start-up source.<br />According to Wall Street Journal, 10 of the 20 most innovative cities of the USA, are in Silicon Valley. <br />Silicon Valley in California, was born as a military technology development area.<br />
  16. 16. SiliconWadi<br />Attraction of big international companies speeded up the development of the project.<br />The great engine behind this cluster was the Defense Industry.<br />Founders of several companies are ex-officials from the army.<br />NASDAQ has more Israeli companies than European.<br />
  17. 17. OtherInnovation Clusters<br />
  18. 18. the Algarve: my point of view<br />
  19. 19. Conditions for Atractiveness<br />To IMD, the competitiveness conditions of a country are individualized in 323 criteria that can be divided in 4 areas:<br /> Economical performance<br /> Quality of government/institutions<br /> Companies efficiency<br />Infra-structure<br />
  20. 20. Conditions for Atractiveness<br />The 2010 Global Competitiveness Ranking:<br />Portuguese economy dropped from number 34 to number 39.<br />
  21. 21. Conditions for Atractiveness<br />Singapore, city-state, attracts many talents for its life quality (green spaces, urban organization, public transportation and security).<br />Mainly the PMET (Professional, Managers, Executive and Technicians).<br />The quality of life offered has to be related to the cycle of life of the professionals you want to attract.<br />
  22. 22. Conditions for Atractiveness<br />Important elements to create a Cluster:<br />Human capital<br />Financing<br />Venture capitalist<br />Big anchor companies<br />
  23. 23. Conditions for Atractiveness<br />Universities have to be partners for companies. Companies have to cooperate with universities.<br />
  24. 24. MainsObstaclesin Algarve<br />Elements of competitiveness referenced by IMD:<br />Economical performance <br /> Quality of government/institutions <br />Companies’ efficiency <br />Infra-structures (connections)Can the Algarve be competitive in innovation and knowledge? <br />+/-<br />+/-<br />+/-<br />+<br />
  25. 25. MainsObstaclesin Algarve<br />The Quality of Life demanded by the PMET:<br /> Green Spaces<br />Urban Organization <br />Public Transportation <br /> Security<br />And relating it with the Cycle of Life?<br /> Beginning of professional life, no family With family set and other needs<br />Can the Algarve attract talents?<br />+<br />-<br />-<br />+<br />
  26. 26. MainsObstaclesin Algarve<br />Difficulties in a short term period:<br /> Human Resources Offices Infra-structures/Public Transportation<br />Difficulties in a medium term period:<br /> Absence of professional Venture Capital Partnership and active business networking Lack of anchor companies of medium dimension Offer of quality of life for senior professionals (PMET), in the different phases of the cycle of life Low social interest in Entrepreneurship<br />
  27. 27. Conclusions<br />In order to have innovative cities we need to have innovative people (nerds).<br />The entrepreneurs are the ones that transform knowledge by Universities into the innovation incorporated in the products/services. <br />They need Talents from Universities.<br />The future of the territories is played in this ability to attract and retain talents and VC.<br />Creativity + Innovation + VC<br />
  28. 28. Conclusions<br />The Algarve has:<br /> Universities<br /> Some life quality but still not enough to influence the choice of entrepreneurs of the innovation area.<br />We should work in this to improve conditions and TED event is great opportunity!<br />
  29. 29. Conclusions<br />Is a small Silicon Valley possible in the Algarve ???<br />Yes! But it’s a long journey.<br />
  30. 30. CONTACTS<br />
  31. 31. Contacts<br /><br />