Chapter1Grammar Translation Methodand The Techniques
Grammar Translation MethodIt is focus on learning the rules of grammarand their application in translationpassages from one language into the other.Vocabulary in the target language islearned through direct translation from thenative language
There are some usefultechniques associated withthe Grammar-TranslationMethod
1. Translation of a Literary PassageStudents translate a reading passage from thetarget language into their native language. Thereading passage then provides the focus forseveral classes: vocabulary and grammaticalstructures in the passage.For example : I have a big clean house.Saya mempunyai rumah besar yang bersih.Vocabulary : Adjective (big and clean)Noun (house)Verb (have)
2. Antonyms/SynonymsStudents are given one set of words and areasked to find antonyms in the readingpassage. A similar exercise could be done byasking students to find synonyms for aparticular set of words. Or students might beasked to define a set of words based on theirunderstanding of them as they occur in thereading passage.
3. Fill in the blanksStudents are given a series of sentences withwords missing. They fill in the blanks withnew vocabulary items or with items of aparticular grammar type, such as prepositionsor verbs with different tenses.