4 bus fleet and infrastructure rli final


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4 bus fleet and infrastructure rli final

  1. 1. Bus Fleet and Infrastructure Richard Iles
  2. 2. 2 Bus Fleet • Three basic types of vehicle • Angkot/Mikrolet – approximately 14,000 – 8-12 seats • Medium-sized Bus – approximately 2,200 – 25-30 seats, plus standing passengers – some air-conditioned, for BRT service • Large Bus – 12 metres long – approximately 1,600 (excluding BRT and APTB) – up to 65 seats, plus standing passengers
  3. 3. 3 Type Variations • Basic – high-density seating or – high proportion of standing passengers • Air-conditioned – some large buses – medium-sized buses used on busway
  4. 4. 4 Bus Specifications (non-BRT) • Mikrolets small, uncomfortable, with difficult access • Medium-sized buses are based on truck chassis – low cost but not ideal for urban bus services – gross weight exceeds design maximum for some vehicles – inconvenient access – good purpose-built medium-sized buses are available • No buses conform to basic current international standard for urban bus design: – low-floor – wide doors providing quick, convenient and safe boarding and disembarking and ease of access for all • Some large buses are configured for urban use, but the majority are not – many are configured for inter-urban use: high floors, 3+2 seating: unsuitable for most urban services • Some buses are configured for use on and off busway – high floors – doors at both kerb and platform levels – limited space for seating
  5. 5. 5 Fleet Composition • Inappropriate mix of bus sizes, with a predominance of small buses • Non-optimal sized vehicles are used on many routes – the most efficient vehicle for urban bus services with high passenger volumes is the largest which can be safely and conveniently used within the constraints of the road system • There should be fewer mikrolets, and redeployment of medium- sized buses to replace angkots on “local” routes • The majority should be maximum-size – legislation requires bus services on main roads to be operated with buses with a minimum of 40 seats • Detailed surveys are required to determine most suitable bus type for each route, and the number of each required
  6. 6. 6 Bus Fleet Development • Possible changes over the next ten years – (excluding any increase/decrease in capacity due to demand changes) – numbers approximate, for illustrative purposes – exact numbers will require detailed surveys 2014 2024 Angkots 14,000 2,000 Medium-sized buses 2,200 2,415 Large buses 1,600 3,330 Total 17,800 7,745
  7. 7. 7 Public Transport Infrastructure • Terminals • Bus Stops • Bus Depots
  8. 8. 8 Terminals • Vary considerably in terms of size and quality • Most are over-crowded, and some poorly configured • Most designed so that buses must queue between arriving and departing • From passengers’ viewpoint, many are inconvenient and several are unsafe • A programme of terminal redevelopment has commenced – but the designs of most will perpetuate present problems
  9. 9. 9 Bus Stops • No consistency in provision of formal bus stops • Buses tend to stop anywhere to suit convenience of drivers and passengers – often with no regard for safety – adding to congestion • Bus shelters often obstruct sidewalks • Demarcated bus stops should be provided throughout the network – shelters where necessary and practical, but not essential – buses should not be permitted to pick up or set down passengers at any other point – parking of other vehicles at bus stops must be prohibited
  10. 10. 10 Bus Depots • Buses require formal depot and workshop facilities for servicing, fuelling, maintenance and overnight parking • Very few, if any, depots in Jakarta satisfy all requirements • Other than depots used for TransJakarta buses, only a few operators have formal depot facilities including – PPD – Mayasari Bakti – Bianglala – Koda Jaya AJA Putra – Trans Batavia – Jakarta Express – Metropolitan – Eka Sari Lorena – Primajasa Perdanar – Daya Setosa Utama – Sinar Jaya Megah • Most of these are in poor condition and poorly equipped • At least 20 depots are required for existing vehicle fleet, 50 in longer term