Indigenous Australians


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Indigenous Australians

  1. 1. History – Culture – Art – Social position – Stolen generation – Australia “the movie”
  2. 3. Aboriginal people dream on a timeless continent <ul><li>Arrived by boat from South East Asia, 50.000 years ago </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>18th century: up to 1 million (?) Aboriginal people lived across the continent </li></ul><ul><li>Hunters and gatherers: no arrows/bows  woomera, boomerang </li></ul><ul><li>300 clans </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of homelands </li></ul>
  4. 9. <ul><li>They all share a belief in the timeless, magical realm of the D r e a m t i m e </li></ul><ul><li>The dreaming or Altjeringa </li></ul><ul><li>Two forms of time, two parallel streams of activities </li></ul><ul><li>Every person has an eternal life in the dreamtime/dreaming </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual connection with a specific piece of land </li></ul>
  5. 10. <ul><li>Ayers Rock - Uluru </li></ul>
  6. 11. <ul><li>The Olgas – Kata Tjuta </li></ul>
  7. 12. The Olgas <ul><li>The Olgas </li></ul>
  8. 13. Geological explanation
  9. 14. <ul><li>Some places only for men or women </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t talk about the dreamtime </li></ul><ul><li>The spirit of a dead person stays at the same place = holy </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes many spirits are together: Uluru </li></ul><ul><li>Nature = result of actions of mythological beings </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape = bible </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 15. Aboriginal art <ul><li>Didgeridoo = onomatopoetic word </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>Dot painting: caves, wood  acryl paint, canvas </li></ul>
  12. 21. Australians >< Indigenous <ul><li>Arrival of the British: James Cook at Botany Bay (= Sydney) </li></ul><ul><li>Pandemic of European diseases: 90% of locals died </li></ul><ul><li>Colonisation = easy </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginals were seen as strange, stupid  no respect for their culture </li></ul>
  13. 22. <ul><li>Stolen generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children were removed from their families by state and church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1869 – 1970: civilised….. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If Barak Obama was born in Australia… </li></ul></ul>
  14. 23. <ul><ul><li>The new Prime Minister Kevin Rudd issued a formal apology on February 13, 2008 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 24. The apologies <ul><li>That today we honour the Indigenous peoples of this land, the oldest continuing cultures in human history. We reflect on their past mistreatment. We reflect in particular on the mistreatment of those who were Stolen Generations—this blemished chapter in our nation’s history. The time has now come for the nation to turn a new page in Australia’s history by righting the wrongs of the past and so moving forward with confidence to the future. We apologise for the laws and policies of successive Parliaments and governments that have inflicted profound grief, suffering and loss on these our fellow Australians . We apologise especially for the removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families, their communities and their country. For the pain, suffering and hurt of these Stolen Generations, their descendants and for their families left behind, we say sorry. To the mothers and the fathers, the brothers and the sisters, for the breaking up of families and communities, we say sorry. And for the indignity and degradation thus inflicted on a proud people and a proud culture, we say sorry. We the Parliament of Australia respectfully request that this apology be received in the spirit in which it is offered as part of the healing of the nation. For the future we take heart; resolving that this new page in the history of our great continent can now be written. We today take this first step by acknowledging the past and laying claim to a future that embraces all Australians. A future where this Parliament resolves that the injustices of the past must never, never happen again. A future where we harness the determination of all Australians, Indigenous and non-Indigenous, to close the gap that lies between us in life expectancy, educational achievement and economic opportunity. A future where we embrace the possibility of new solutions to enduring problems where old approaches have failed. A future based on mutual respect, mutual resolve and mutual responsibility. A future where all Australians, whatever their origins, are truly equal partners, with equal opportunities and with an equal stake in shaping the next chapter in the history of this great country, Australia. </li></ul>
  16. 26. Unfortunally…… <ul><li>Three times more likely to be unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Lower standard of education </li></ul><ul><li>2-10 times more health problems </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse: petrol sniffing (remote communities), alcohol  dry zones </li></ul><ul><li>24 % reported being a victim of violence, racism </li></ul>
  17. 27. Australia….the movie
  18. 28. Thanks for listening mates!