BIKANER AND CHURU
An overview of the craft sector by Indian Artisans Online
TRADITIONAL CRAFTS OF BIKANER
 Weaving
 Kashidakari
 Ustan art
 Matheran Kala
 Silver carving
 Tie & Dye
 Leather C...
URMUL AND RANG SUTRA
 Urmul Rural Health, Research and Development Trust was one of the first
NGO to use craft as a means...
Bhojasar, Biyansar, Sardarshahr, and Badasar
WEAVING
WEAVING
 Weaving is the traditional occupation of the Meghwal community. Weavers are mostly found in the villages of
Bhoj...
Poogal and Dhandkalan
KASHIDAKARI (EMBROIDERY)
KASHIDAKARI (EMBROIDERY)
 Although kashidakari is done by women across Rajasthan, Bikaner is especially important because...
TRADITIONAL WORK BY WOMEN
DHANDKALAN POOGAL
OTHER CRAFTS
USTA ART
 Usta art is a type of Naqqashi (painting with gold
dust).
 In Bikaner, most Usta artists can be found in Usta
...
MATHERAN KALA
 Matheran kala is an old tradition of making idols used during the Gangaur festival. It involves two
commun...
SILVER CARVING
 A craft form which has survived in India for a long time, silver carving is popular all over Rajasthan.
...
1. A replica of the figurine is made in
wood. It is pressed onto a bed of mud
so that a mold is created.
2. The wooden rep...
TIE & DYE
 Tie & Dye is widespread all around Rajasthan. In Sujangarh (Churu district), a small organization Disha
Shekhw...
DISHA SHEKHAWATI
1. The design is traced on the cloth using a
tracing sheet and a mixture of clay, water
and indigo.
2. Th...
LEATHER CRAFT
 Leather craft found in areas
around Bikaner is similar
to those found all around
Rajasthan
 The village L...
OBSERVATIONS
OBSERVATIONS
 Artisans involved in weaving and embroidery are not financially
capable to take independent orders. Any org...
• To know more about our work visit our
website
www.indianartisansonline.com
• For any questions email us at
customercare@...
Bikaner and Churu- An overview of the craft sector
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Bikaner and Churu- An overview of the craft sector

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Our research team continued with their travel across Rajasthan and this time headed to Bikaner and Churu district. We present an overview of the craft traditions in the area.

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Bikaner and Churu- An overview of the craft sector

  1. 1. BIKANER AND CHURU An overview of the craft sector by Indian Artisans Online
  2. 2. TRADITIONAL CRAFTS OF BIKANER  Weaving  Kashidakari  Ustan art  Matheran Kala  Silver carving  Tie & Dye  Leather Craft
  3. 3. URMUL AND RANG SUTRA  Urmul Rural Health, Research and Development Trust was one of the first NGO to use craft as a means for income generation in and around Bikaner. Setup in 1983, Urmul Trust initially worked on health issues but severe drought in 1987 made the organization focus on livelihood issues.  The organisation started its income generation program by reviving traditional weaving which people had stopped doing due to lack of demand.  Urmul also helped Pakistani immigrant communities at border villages who escaped to India during the ’71 war. The women in these communities were skilled in kashidakari (embroidery). Their work was being taken by middlemen from Barmer and Jaisalmer on very low price and sold at very high margins. Urmul organized these families in groups and helped them market their products through market linkages which they created for them.  Another organization that is working in Bikaner is Rang Sutra started by Shumita Ghose, (wife of Sanjoy Ghose, founder of Urmul). Rang Sutra gives orders to the weavers and women in border villages through Urmul.
  4. 4. Bhojasar, Biyansar, Sardarshahr, and Badasar WEAVING
  5. 5. WEAVING  Weaving is the traditional occupation of the Meghwal community. Weavers are mostly found in the villages of Bhojasar, and Biyansar (Phalodi, Jodhpur). There is also a group working in Napasar (32 kms from Bikaner). In Churu the concentration is in Sardarshahr and few can be found in Badasar.  During the 87’ drought Urmul began income generation programme with weavers. The organization discovered expert weavers in Phalodi who were producing ‘pattus’ for the local market. Since the market demand for their products were going down, Urmul offered them a job of training locals of Lunkaransar in weaving.  The weavers still use traditional mud pit looms. Almost all of them are associated with Urmul and other organizations like Rang Sutra. They do not have the financial capacity to work independently.  The younger generation have become disinterested in the work due to low pay and long hours of work. The number of weavers have reduced drastically. Most youngsters are now working as construction workers.
  6. 6. Poogal and Dhandkalan KASHIDAKARI (EMBROIDERY)
  7. 7. KASHIDAKARI (EMBROIDERY)  Although kashidakari is done by women across Rajasthan, Bikaner is especially important because of the refugee communities residing in villages like Poogal and Dhandkalan near the Indo-Pak border. These communities are known for the traditional embroidery done by their women.  Most of these villages are poor and people depend on agriculture and cattle rearing. Strong patriarchy in these communities means that women are restricted to household chores and they rarely venture out of the villages. But they have found a way of earning by doing embroidery for organizations like Urmul and Rang Sutra. Urmul was one of the first organizations to discover the craft in Dandkalan village (50 kms from Indo- Pak border). Their reach soon spread to other villages like Poogal where refugee communities resided.  The women specialize in different types of Kashidakari- pukka, mukka, Sindhi and soof. Girls learn to embroider at an early age since they use the skill to prepare items for their dowry like embroidered handkerchief, buchki (small purse) etc.  The quality of embroidery is now deteriorating as the girls from these villages are married off to places like Barmer and the new brides getting married to men in these villages are not skilled in embroidery.
  8. 8. TRADITIONAL WORK BY WOMEN DHANDKALAN POOGAL
  9. 9. OTHER CRAFTS
  10. 10. USTA ART  Usta art is a type of Naqqashi (painting with gold dust).  In Bikaner, most Usta artists can be found in Usta ki Badi in the Old City.  Most of the artists are now working as fresco painters and they get work from local havelis.  Work with gold dust is done only on orders.  The art is in decline and most traditional artists have shifted to daily wage labour.
  11. 11. MATHERAN KALA  Matheran kala is an old tradition of making idols used during the Gangaur festival. It involves two communities- the Matherans and Suthars.  Matheran’s paint the idols which are worshipped during the Gangaur festival.  The suthars make the wooden idols and then sell them to matherans who would then paint and decorate them with jewellery and clothes.  Some suthars also paint and decorate the idols.  The matherans work in family units and they get orders throughout the year.
  12. 12. SILVER CARVING  A craft form which has survived in India for a long time, silver carving is popular all over Rajasthan.  Mostly orders are for idols of gods and goddesses which are made to be used as offering in temples.  The costing is done according to the weight of silver.  One of the most famous artisan in Bikaner is Dev Dutt Jangid who has been doing silver carving for almost 40 years. His eldest son is also working as a silver carver.  He has even worked on orders from Dhirubhai Ambani.
  13. 13. 1. A replica of the figurine is made in wood. It is pressed onto a bed of mud so that a mold is created. 2. The wooden replica is removed and the mould is covered with another slab of mud. 3. Liquefied silver is poured through the gap 4.The mould is left to cool. Later the silver pieces are removed from the mud mould. 5. Smaller pieces are made separately and then soldered 6. A wooden replica of the figurine that is being worked upon PROCESS OF SILVER CARVING
  14. 14. TIE & DYE  Tie & Dye is widespread all around Rajasthan. In Sujangarh (Churu district), a small organization Disha Shekhwati is using the craft to empower women.  In Sujangarh a lot of women have been abandoned by their husbands who migrate to Gulf countries in search of work. Disha Shekhawati started by Amrita Chaudhary, helps women become financially independent by using traditional tie & dye work.  Traditionally, in tie & dye women are only involved in the process of bandhani (tying knots on cloth before dyeing). But the women of Disha Shekhawati do everything at the center - from tracing the design on cloth to dyeing it.  The organisation has helped women in the area become confident about their work. Now they are not afraid to bargain for a better price for their work. Even traders in the area have increased the pay scale for women.  Disha Shekhawati markets its products through exhibitions.
  15. 15. DISHA SHEKHAWATI 1. The design is traced on the cloth using a tracing sheet and a mixture of clay, water and indigo. 2. The cloth is then distributed to women residing in nearby villages for bandhani work (tying knots). 3. Disha has helped women become more confident and they now openly bargain for better prices. 4. The finished product is brought to the center for dyeing. 5. Some women prefer to come to the center and work. 5. Shibori with bandhani- a saree design by Disha Shekhawati.
  16. 16. LEATHER CRAFT  Leather craft found in areas around Bikaner is similar to those found all around Rajasthan  The village Lohawat in Jodhpur district is famous for the craft.  Except for a few families, most artisans make mojaris meant for the local market.
  17. 17. OBSERVATIONS
  18. 18. OBSERVATIONS  Artisans involved in weaving and embroidery are not financially capable to take independent orders. Any organization/individual interested in working with them will have to provide their own material and design.  Many small groups have now started working in the craft sector of Bikaner for example Disha Shekhawati.  Craft is not a financially sustainable employment option for most of the artisans. Poverty and the rise of some artisans as middlemen gives restricted market access to other artisans.
  19. 19. • To know more about our work visit our website www.indianartisansonline.com • For any questions email us at customercare@indianartisansonline.com • We are also on Facebook, Twitter and Pinterest. Contact Us

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