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YUVA2015

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YUVA2015

  1. 1. THE SUNRISE STATES REALIZING THE GROWTH POTENTIAL OF NORTH EAST The North Eastern Region (NER) , a distinct socio-cultural entity , is enunciated as ‘a rainbow country’ ….extraordinarily diverse and colourful , mysterious when seen through parted clouds’ AJEET KUMAR SHUBHAM ARYAN GIRISH AUTI SUMIT SINHA ABHILESH KUMAR
  2. 2. CONTENTS • Introduction • Problems in North East state • Civil Conflict • Limited connectivity • Lack of Political Leadership • Topography & Biodiversity • Unemployment & poor Infrastructure • Scanty coverage in National Media • Solutions to the problem • Agriculture • Transport • Hydroelectricity • Look East Policy • Implementations • Challenges &Impact • Conclusion • References
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • North East states includes the seven sisters - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, along with a small and beautiful cousin in the Himalayan fringes, namely, Sikkim. • The region has a long international boundary, about 96 percent, with China and Bhutan in the north, Myanmar in the east, Nepal in the west and Bangladesh in the south and west. • Hill States in the region are Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland . • The eight States cover an area of 2,62,179 sq. km. constituting 7.9 per cent of the country’s total geographical area, but have only 39 million people or about 3.8 per cent of the total population of the country (2001 census). • The density of population varies from 13 per sq. km. in Arunachal Pradesh to 340 per sq. km. in Assam. • Identified as one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots; • The forest cover in the region constitutes 52 per cent of its total geographical area. • Reserves of petroleum and natural gas in the region constitute a fifth of the country’s total potential. • The region is covered by the mighty Brahmaputra-Barak river systems and their tributaries. Geographically, some flat lands in between the hills of Meghalaya and Tripura, the remaining two-thirds of the area is hilly terrain interspersed with valleys and plains. • The altitude varies from almost sea-level to over 7,000 m above MSL(mean sea level). • The region’s high rainfall averaging around 10,000 mm and above creates problems of eco system, high seismic activity and floods.
  4. 4. PROBLEMS IN NORTH EAST STATE •A society undergoing constant economic regression and acute scarcity of means of livelihood may express its resentment through general unrest and regular disturbances which may eventually culminate into ethnic problem and separatist activism. •A demand for separate state may also arise in the hope of alleviating their sufferings. CIVIL CONFLICT • Paucity of roads, lack of railways network(3.7%), poor transportation and communication facilities. • The region is connected to rest of India by a narrow stretch of land called the “chicken’s neck”. LIMITED CONNECTIVITY • Political ignorance by national parties due to less vote bank. • Any government schemes( Northern Association for Development and Security of Northern State, Quit Foreign Policy, etc ) from centre was swallowed by the local governments and the bureaucracy, little reaching the populace. LACK OF FAITH IN POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
  5. 5. • The region is a mixtures of hills and plains. • The region is a meeting place of large number of races, creeds, cultures and languages. TOPOGRAPHY AND BIODIVERSITES • At current trends it is predicted that in the decade of 2011-2021 there will be only 2.6 million jobs for 17 millions job seekers in the North Eastern Region. • The region has huge potential in terms of hydroelectricity around 50,000MW but due to poor infrastructure, less than a quarter has been developed. UNEMPLOYMENT AND POOR INFRASTRUCTURE • Only one or two states (mainly ASSAM) were covered regularly while the remaining states received no coverage. • Small briefs barely containing 50 words showed the main stream media’s bias in giving newspaper space to these states unless there is special coverage. SCANTY COVERAGE IN NATIONAL MEDIA
  6. 6. SOLUTIONS GREEN REVOLU- TION DECREASES UNEMPLOYMENT REDUCES MIGRATION TO OTHER STATES REDUCES SEPARITIST ACTIVITISM IMPROVES STANDARD OF LIVING AGRICULTURE ●Vast potential for agriculture, horticulture and forestry . 1> Rubber and bamboo can attract a lot of investment opportunities. Tripura has been declared as the ‘second rubber capital of India’. 2> Bamboo, accounting for 65% of India’s production value and 20% of the global production value. 3> Advantages in producing fruits, vegetables and other horticulture products Setting up small-scale processing units for the local market which will also boost rural employment. 4> scope for dairy processing and poultry, fishery processing in the region. ● The region needs a green revolution to eradicate poverty and boost its economy. ● Agriculture provides livelihood to 70% of the region’s population ● options in agriculture:-
  7. 7. TRANSPORT SOLUTONS GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT COMMUNITY MANAGED SYSTEM TRANSPORTATION Railways are the best mode of mass transportation in the country. In the hilly terrains the expense to setup rail networks is relatively high. This accounts for the absence or nominal presence of railway lines in hilly states . INLAND WATER TRANSPORTATION Inland water transport can be a viable, cost- effective alternative in the plain areas of NER given the high cost of expanding other mode of transportation. It will also create employment opportunities, promote tourism and open up inter-country routes for trade and commerce. HELPING HANDS • There is a need to improve facilities for night navigation and mechanical handling. • Cargo vessels and terminals should be increased to meet the rising demands. • Emphasis should be on PPPs(Public Private Partnership) for the development of fairways and infrastructure in IWT TRAVEL & TOURISM INDUSTRY ●Planned outlays in training and awareness for imparting correct skills-set to the community for the states to preserve the biomass is required. ● There is a need to build up skills-set and use of modern tools to help provide a scientific basis to further enrich traditional skills that help produce handloom and handicrafts having unique geographical origin.
  8. 8. HYDROELECRTICTY SKILL DEVELOPEMENT PRIVATE ENTERPRENUERS POLITICAL STABILITY BORDER TRADE HYDROELECTICITY- Construction of dam on the Brahmaputra waters will lead to the development of hydropower potential in the northeast, including Arunachal Pradesh, considered to be the ‘future powerhouse’ of India... PRIVATE ENTERPRENUERS need to be encouraged to set up storage, distribution and marketing infrastructure such as a cold storage chain along major arterial highways. This will help exploit the horticulture potential of the region and bring perishables speedily to marketing hubs BORDER TRADE-Opening up and augmenting trade with the neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh, Myanmar and through Myanmar to South East Asia will also help in realising the full potential of the region. KEY FACTORS TO BE IMPLEMENTED SKILL DEVLOPEMENT- A twin approach for developing skills for both local employment and for those who seek to migrate. Setting up and augmenting the capacity of training institutes in the region in important fields through line Ministries, NEC or states • Institutions of higher education focussing on environment sciences (viz. forest sciences, social forestry, botany, environment and ecology sciences, etc.) need to come up for building local community awareness to ensure conservation of NER’s forest resources. • Using IT as a tool to upgrade skills. POLITICAL STABILITY- The political leaders must emphasize on concerns related to the development, conflict, proper utilizations of central as well as state government funds at root level in order to build up socio-economical models of rural regions providing political stability and integrating peoples.
  9. 9. LOOK EAST POLICY • India’s Look East Policy seems to offer huge potential and developmental scope for India’s North Eastern Region. • However, there is an absence of sincere dialogue between the North Eastern states and the center, resulting in an obvious gap between policy and implementation. • In the year 1991-92, under the then Prime Minister, P.V. Narasimha Rao, India launched its “Look East” Policy (LEP), an active economic policy of engagement with Southeast Asia to be implemented. • objectives: • The encouragement of trade links with individual partners • To provide foreign employment for India’s own expanding work force. • The ‘Look East’ policy was a major shift in terms of India’s policy prioritization because up till then, India never really had a concrete strategy to create an economic hub in its North Eastern Region by exploring the trade and commerce prospects with its ASEAN • “to draw dramatic attention to our geographical proximity…draw commercial interest in infrastructure…promote tourism and development”. – ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE • The LEP provides an invaluable opening for the NER to overcome its state of developmental and economic dormancy, it would also be helpful to view this policy as a vital opportunity for the Indian State to shed off its tendency toward parochial. • The integration of the NER within a dense economic framework spreading over Myanmar to Korea through Bangladesh, Thailand and the new ASEAN states, “might ultimately help the marginalized region to transcend the historical tyranny of fixed borders and allow its inhabitants the fullest possible benefits in the process of economic exchanges qua the Look East move”
  10. 10. IMPLEMENTATION • A framework should be created to invite private investors in higher education, to reduce migration of student to the rest of the country. • Some initiatives in the public private partnership mode. • Aim at preserving and economically exploiting the cultural heritage. A growth in tourism will be followed by growth in the hospitality sector. • This region has a large English speaking population that finds employment in the hospitality industry across India and outside. • Subsidy at 90% of the transport cost of raw materials brought from outside the region as well as the finished goods sent from the region to other parts of the country. • Income tax exemption for five years for the new industrial units set up in the region. • Growth centre and IIDCs to be converted into total tax free zones for the next ten years. • Some benefits to new industrial units or their substantial expansion in other growth centre or IIDCs of industrial estates, parks, export promotion zones set up by the states. • The entire region has tremendous potential for generating hydro-electric power which provide employment to engineers and technicians in generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. • The border haats would be allowed to sell local agricultural and horticultural products, e.g. spices, minor forest products , fresh and dry fish, dairy and poultry products, cottage industry items, wooden furniture, handloom and handicraft items, etc. • No local tax would be imposed on the trading, and both Indian as well as Bangladeshi currencies will be accepted.
  11. 11. CHALLENGES & IMPACT • CHALLENGES • A study of North-Eastern states shows that not only J&K situation in North Eastern states too is quite grave. Nature of problems may vary but seriousness of NE is no less. • There is growing lawlessness because of many revolutionary organisations supposedly dealing with failures of these states. Some of these are • UNITED LIBERATION FRONT OF ASSAM(ULFA), NAGA’S KHAPLAN ORGANISATION,BODO etc. • Local disturbances, hooliganism & terrorism have led to a state of anarchy . • In NE states, the kind of political system and bureaucracy that is ruling them is no worse than in other states or the centre. • IMPACTS • Increases the Gross Domestic product (GDP) of the nation. • Developing the hydroelectric power plant, will meet current requirement of the nation. • This will result to the People of North East states to come forward to run the country. • Socio-economic prosperity will bring integrity among people of the North East region. • Civil conflict will reduce which results in peace in the NE states.
  12. 12. CONCLUSION • Mission 2020 (India to be superpower) wont be completed without being developing these NE states. • Institutional change supporting economic enhancement and growth at a social level requir economic incentives, supported by political will. With India moving into a new era of economic liberation, the region should not be left out. The framework for development of the region can be broadly based upon four vital components • Social empowerment- It needs to empower rural communities, create sustainable institutions so that they manage common activities around microfinance, livelihoods and natural resource management • Economic empowerment- The objective of this component should ideally be to develop the capacity of rural communities to plan and manage funds for various economic initiatives and common activities for the public. • Partnership development- The objective of this component should be to partner with various service providers, resource institutions and public and private sector organisations to bring resources such as finance, technology, and marketing into the project so that the community groups are able to improve their livelihoods. • Project management- This will facilitate various governance, implementation, co-ordination, learning and quality enhancement efforts in the project.
  13. 13. REFERENCES • I Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region.(2011). Human Development Report of North East States. • Retrieved from http://mdoner.gov.in/sites/default/files/North%20East%20Report%20- %20Index%202.pdf • 1 Coverage of the North East, The Hoot. Retrieved from • http://thehoot.org/web/CoverageoftheNorthEastdeclines/6734-1-1-9-true.html • Ii Varma, S. (2009, November 2). 7 of 8 Northeast states lag behind average India income. The Times of India. • Retrieved from http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-11- 02/india/28059642_1_capita-income-cso-northeast-states • Iii Nayak, P. (n.d.). Human Development Reports on North-East India: A Bird’s Eye View. Retrieved from • http://dspace.nehu.ac.in/jspui/bitstream/1/2699/1/Human%20Development%20Reports%20o n%20North-East%20India-%20A%20Bird's%20Eye%20View.pdf • Iv Asian Power. (2012). India's north east is new hub for power genera tion. Retrieved from http://asian-power.com/project/news/indias-north-east-new-hub-power-generation • V Mahajan, S.K. (2009). Attainment of Human Development: A Study of North East India. Delhi Business Review.10(2). Retrieved from http://www.delhibusinessreview.org/f.pdf

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