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  2. 2. NUMBER OF STUDENTS ENROLLING FOR THE PRIMARY EDUCATION HAS WITNESSED STEADY GROWTH BUT THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IS A MATTER OF GREAT CONCERN 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2010 2011 2012 Std. V Children could not read a Std. II level text Std. III Children who cannot read a Std. I level text Std. V Children who could not solve simple two-digit subtraction • The decline in the reading level is mainly in the states such as Haryana ,Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra & Kerala ,which happens to be most literate states in the country. • Though pupil to teacher ratio is about 42 still the quality of education has not shown any signs of improvement. Source: Annual Survey Education Report,2012
  3. 3. ILL PARAMETERS AFFECTING QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION A. Quality Of Teachers: As per Forbes India Report , over 99% of the 7.95Lakh Teachers who appeared for the latest central teacher eligibility test – a benchmark for teacher eligibility, failed to clear the test. B. No. Of Teachers: The average no. of teachers per government school is 3.7,the no. of teachers who are untrained professionally is close to 22%. This fact is very significant because 80% of all schools are public schools[1]. C. Average age of Teachers: The students receiving primary education are in the age group of 6-14 years but the average age of primary school teacher is 41.9 years[2].These teachers lack modern skill sets for easier teaching and find it difficult to adapt themselves to modern methods of teaching. D. Infrastructure: According to data received from about 1.20 million schools spread across 609 districts of 35 states and union territories about 30% of schools in the country are still without pucca buildings and about 14% schools have no drinking water facility[1]. Healthy environment is essential for the child to concentrate in studies and maintain proper health. E. Method of Teaching: There is an urgent need to improve children’s knowledge of concepts rather than rote learning. For that to happen teaching systems at the primary level must be overhauled. [1] As per Report of One World South Asia [2] As per National Center for Educational Statistics Report
  4. 4. So what do you propose? The central theme of our proposal is “YOUTH TEACHING THE YOUNG” !! • The idea is to hire graduated unemployed youth to teach the primary school children. • The youth teachers will be selected after testing the following skills: • Aptitude Skills which includes quantitative ability, logical reasoning etc. • English Proficiency which tests both written and spoken English. • Technical Skills which includes the field in which the youth has graduated. • Soft Skills test.
  5. 5. WHY YOUTH??? India has the largest youth population in the world comprising of 239.77 million in 2011 with 20.1% of population of India. • Youth are better equipped with latest industrial trends and requirements. • Youth can teach in a more innovative and practical ways since they come in with fresh minds. • Youth are more energetic than aged teachers. • Youth can be more interactive and more connective with children since the age gap is less. • Youth are more passionate and being in their company will boost aged teachers.
  6. 6. IMPLEMENTATION MODEL Country • National Headquarters monitors all the zonal offices of the Youth Employment Center(YEC). • The National Headquarters holds the primary responsibility for conducting and assessing the Skill Set test. Zone • The 5 Zonal headquarters comprises of North,East,South,West & Central Zones. • They are responsible for monitoring the activities of the different state YECs. State • Each State would have a YEC at its state capital. • The primary function of the state YEC is to monitor all the existing district Education Offices for proper conducting of the written test. District • Each district in India already has District Education Office which controls the educational activities in the district. • The existing office would be in charge for conducting the “YOUTH FOR YOUNG” program.
  7. 7. YOUTH TEACHERS WILL BE SELECTED THROUGH ONLINE & OFFLINE CHANNELS Recruitment Allotment Management • The youth can register in the particular district education center. • The youth in the age of 21-30 years who are graduates are eligible to apply. • Registration window will be open for a duration of about 2 months. • The test will be conducted in various govt. schools & Colleges. • The youth who are short- listed after written test will be tested for soft skills through interviews. • The selected youth will be asked for location preferences and most probably will be allotted in home districts. • The youth teacher will be allotted in one of the three categories-Category1 – Std. I to V,Category2 – Std. VI to VIII,Category3-Std. IX & X. • The allotment will be based on performance in the written test and interview. • All the teachers will be given training for a specific period after which they will be posted. • The District Education office (DEO) then administers the selected teachers. • The salary and other benefits provided by the Central Education Board will be directed through DEO. • The State and Zone YECs will be monitoring the DEOs in periodic intervals on the performance of teachers. • The whole system is co- ordinated by the National YEC.
  8. 8. WE WILL HAVE AN ORGANIZATION OF AROUND 300 HIGHLY EFFICIENT OFFICERS. NATIONAL YEC 1 chief Controller + 5 Zonal Monitors + 15 Zonal Assists ZONAL YEC 5 Zonal YEC Officers + 25 Sub-Zonal Heads + 50 Zonal workers STATE YEC 35 State YEC Officers + 175 State YEC Monitors DISTRICT YEC Taken care by already existing District Education Office • Responsible for monitoring entire system. • Primary Job of setting papers and fair evaluation. • All the Zonal YEC officers directly report to the National YEC. • Preliminary organization in implementing the instructions of the national YEC. • Responsible for monitoring all the states in that particular zone. • State YECs are responsible for collecting all data records from the District YEC. • They also monitor and guide district YECs. • The Graduated unemployed Youth can register at the respective District office. • The conduction of test in various govt. schools, colleges and other centers will be taken by District YEC. • Note: We have not included the count of district YEC since the existing system is already in place.
  9. 9. THE FUNDING REQUIRED FROM THE GOVERNMENT FOR THIS PROGRAM WILL BE AROUND 12 CR. ANNUALLY. Administration Cost: • Chief Controller (1* 8L ) = 8 Lakhs p.a. • Zonal Monitor (5 *7L) =35 Lakhs p.a. • Zonal Assists (15*3L) =45 Lakhs p.a. • Zonal YEC Officers (5*6L) =30 Lakhs p.a. • Sub-Zonal Heads (25*5L) =125 Lakhs p.a. • Zonal workers (50*1.8L) =90 Lakhs p.a. • State YEC Officers (35* 5L) =175 Lakhs p.a. • State YEC Monitors (175*3.6L) =630 Lakhs p.a. Total Cost of Administration = 11.38 Cr p.a. Transportation Cost =12 Lakhs p.a. Technology Cost =18 Lakhs p.a. Establishment Cost =3.5 Cr p.a.(Only for first Year)
  10. 10. BIGGER PROBLEM THAT WE ARE SOLVING  Around 7Lakh students graduate every year in India of which 75% of technical graduates and 85% general graduates are unemployable(*).  This is due to lack of basic skill sets which must be imparted to them during their primary education.  So this program imparts basic skill sets in primary education and thus increasing their employability.  Youth who are unemployed tend to involve in unlawful activities so by employing the youth , these activities can be curbed to an extent.  Youth are known as the backbone of the nation by strengthening the youth, we are strengthening the nation.  Enhancing the quality of primary education leads to better employability which will contribute immensely to the country’s GDP. (*)As per National Employability Report ,National survey Report , Media Reports , UGC Report.
  11. 11. CHALLENGES : • Upper middle class Unemployed graduates may not be interested to take up the role of a teacher. • Government and corporates may not see the viability of funding this project. • Finding the youth with the right skill set will be the biggest challenge. If a child can read this , YES we have done it !! Our Conclusion lies in the picture below !
  12. 12. REFERENCES • National Center for Educational Statistics Report • Youth Employment and Unemployment , Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research(IGIDR) • One World South Asia Report • Annual Survey Education Report , 2012 • UN stats , Millennium Development Goals Indicators • Forbes Magazine • Primary Education in India : Delivery and Outcome – A District level analysis based on DISE Data • National Employability report.