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  2. 2. India, the second most populous country with over 1.2 billion people and the 10th largest economy by nominal GDP but still, •India ranks 66th in the Global Innovation Index. •India accounts for a meagre 3.5% of the global research output. • China’s share of world research output jumped from 2.5% in 1996 to 11.7% in 2010, while India lagged at under 3.5% •Not even one Indian university ranks among the Top 200 Global Universities in the Forbes list. • Only 3 Indian companies have been listed amongst the world's most innovative ones. But why is India lacking? A few reasons are: •India spent only 2.9% of the world’s total expenditure on research against China which spent 14.2%. • Poor infrastructure which is an outcome of low spending on R&D. • Poor quality of education. • A corrupt and chaotic governance spoiling the route to innovation and the loop holes in the Intellectual Property Rights. For India to become a knowledge powerhouse, promotion of basic research and innovation, and development of cutting edge technologies are essential. There is a need to speed up the process of discovery, diffusion and delivery of technology solutions. LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT FEW FACTS
  3. 3. Share of Top 100 Universities in world
  4. 4. PROPOSED SOLUTIONS Formation of a Committee for Research and Exploration (CRE) SOLUTION DESCRIPTION The CRE formed by the government will fund scientific research and innovation projects. While the first priority of the CRE is to fund high-quality scientific research, particular interest will be in funding projects that promote the growth of scientific infrastructure of the country. Formation of Network for Citizens with Scientific Acumen (NCSA) Form an organisation where the citizens of India who excel in the fields of science and technology can network together to share their research, resources and use the advantage of social networking to gain knowledge from the like. Various scientific events, meets and gatherings will be held within NCSA. Contd.
  5. 5. PROPOSED SOLUTIONS SOLUTION DESCRIPTION Quality, affordability and accessibility should be the mainstay of higher education, in order to encourage innovation and research. Education system in India is failing because of more intrinsic reasons. There are systemic faults that do not let our demand for good education translate into a great marketplace with excellent education services. A change in the education policy has to be made to tackle the flaws in the existing education system. For this purpose a great deal of actions need to be taken such as focussing on skilled education, implementing massive technology infrastructure for education, redefining the purpose of education, getting smarter people to teach, effective deregulation etc. Remodelling the education system to enable qualitative and skilled learning in order to redefine the purpose of education.
  6. 6. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SOLUTIONS - COMMITTEE FOR RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION(CRE) Functions of the CRE: CRE will grant funds for performing research and projects to the applicants after a well assessment of their application, the area of their project, usefulness of the project and its role in enabling the research and innovation ecosystem in the country. Priority will be given to those applicants who have a lack of resources but are determined to research and innovation and to those projects which are more useful for the country’s development in the science and technology field. Associate with people with scientific acumen around the world, top universities in the world for objective setting, maturity and cost effective planning to promote scientific development. Contd. The Panel members who approve the applications: Retired Defence personnel as they have ample time and experience, experienced HR Managers.  Associates from foreign universities like Stanford, MIT, Harvard Business School etc.  PhD holders, scholars and Professors from premier institutes who will be recruited by the Govt. of India for CRE. Expected cost : Approximately 10 crores investment yearly by the government, donations from private firms and interested people will be welcomed. Implementation and growth of the CRE: Conduct awareness programs in the rural area as they have lack to media resources. Conduct workshops and competitions to promote the drive for innovation and research.
  7. 7. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SOLUTIONS - NETWORK FOR CITIZENS WITH SCIENTIFIC ACUMEN (NCSA) Functions of the NCSA: It will act as a platform to build relations and network among people who share common interests i.e.; in the field of research and innovation and help India to set a benchmark. It will be a platform for people to share resources, their work and knowledge for a substantial growth in scientific discoveries and publications with in the country and at a global level. Events such as seminars, conferences and expos to be conducted to ensure the continuity of knowledge sharing as a process in the development of a research and innovation ecosystem. In house funding for research and innovation work of members after a careful assessment of their field of interested work, research and funding to be done (as a scholarship) for deserving members to pursue higher studies and for scientific tours and works abroad. Annual conference for promoting entrepreneurship where startup ideas will be presented and funded by willing investors. Member applications will be approved by the controlling authority. Contd. The controlling authority of the NCSA: The NCSA’s control will be under the hands of Ministry of Science and Technology who will appoint the board of directors for NCSA and will look over the finance and maintenance of the group. Board will also include key personnel from organizations like BARC, ISRO etc. Expected cost : 10 crores investment yearly by the government for functioning, support to research and maintenance.  In house funding will also play a key role in the finance.
  8. 8. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SOLUTIONS - REMODELLING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM TO ENABLE QUALITATIVE AND SKILLED LEARNING Current Education Pattern: We have established IITs, IIMs, law schools and other institutions of excellence; students now routinely score 90% marks so that even students with 90+ percentage find it difficult to get into the colleges of their choice; but we do more of the same old stuff. Our education system is geared towards teaching and testing knowledge at every level as opposed to teaching skills. The mind numbing competition and rote learning do not only crush the creativity and originality of millions of Indian students every year, it also drives brilliant students to commit suicide. Contd. Actions that need to be taken: The curriculum must be changed from being quantitative to qualitative because by teaching a man a skill, you enable him for a lifetime. Knowledge is largely forgotten after the semester exam is over Instead of focussing on outdated models of brick and mortar, colleges and universities, we need to create educational delivery mechanisms that can actually take the wealth of human knowledge to the masses and for this investment in internet shared learning in institutes is the need for the day.  There should be no room for reservations in the post of a teacher, as for way too long teaching became the sanctuary of the incompetent. Teaching jobs are widely regarded as safe, well-paying, risk-free and low-pressure jobs. The mediocre quality of the teachers directly impacts the quality of the knowledge the students gain.
  9. 9. Allow private capital in education, the government cannot afford to provide higher education to all the people in the country. It is too costly for the government to do so. The central government spends about 4% of budget expenditure on education, compared to 40% on defence. Historically, the government just did not have enough money to spend on even opening new schools and universities, forget overhauling the entire system and investing in technology and innovation related to the education system. Allowing profit making will encourage serious entrepreneurs, innovators and investors to take interest in the education sector. The government does not have enough money to provide higher education of reasonable quality to all of us, and it has no excuse to prevent private capital from coming into the educational sector.  We have reservation in education today because education is not available universally. Education has to be rationed. This is not a long term solution. If we want to emerge as a country build on a knowledge economy, driven by highly educated people we need to make good education so universally available that reservation will lose its meaning. Today top universities worldwide are taking various courses online, one can easily attend a live class taught by a top professor of Harvard University online if they want, no matter which country they belong to. This is the future & easy way to beat reservation and make it inconsequential. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE SOLUTIONS - REMODELLING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM TO ENABLE QUALITATIVE AND SKILLED LEARNING Actions that need to be taken:
  10. 10. CONCLUSION Innovation capability must be slowly ingrained into the DNA of the society while the government provides a level playing field to promote innovation. Innovation is vital to a healthy, competitive economy and is one of the principal drivers of growth. Innovative economies are more productive and grow faster. India can start small, build a few platforms with well defined goals and rules, and then let Indian creativity burst into creation of an innovation and research ecosystem which places great emphasis on catalyzing the development of as yet non-existent or nascent industrial sectors to fully realize India’s innovative potential and achieve sustained economic growth. Improving the innovation system will directly support the government’s priorities for growth, by helping to make India the best place in Asia to start or grow a business and encouraging investment and exports.
  11. 11. REFERENCES http://education.oneindia.in/news/2013/04/10/india-lacks-behind-innovation-says- pranab-mukherjee-004602.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brain_drain  http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-10-01/india/34197401_1_computer- sciences-indiaresearch http://www.dst.gov.in/sti-policy-eng.pdf http://jugaadtoinnovation.blogspot.in/2013/07/indias-research-outputquantity.html http://www.ibm.com/ibm/files/U212790P83394G05/Building_Africa_s_Innovation_Ec osystems.pdf Insights into Inclusive Growth, Employment and Wellbeing in India- Arup Mitra Noorden, R.V. (2013). India fails to deliver on promises to boost science budget. Nature News Blog.