Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic
environments of the population due to liberalization
About 75% people are living in rural areas and are still
dependent on Agriculture. About 43% of India’s
geographical area is used for agricultural activity.
Agriculture continues to play a major role in Indian
AGRICULTURE IN INDIA
Total Geographical Area - 328 million hectares.
Net Area sown - 142 million hectares.
Gross Cropped Area – 190.8 million hectares.
Net Irrigated Area – 56.9 million hectares.
Provides food to more than 1 billion people.
Produces 51 major crops.
Contributes to 1/6th of the Export Earnings.
INDIA IN WORLD OF AGRICULTURE
Largest Producer of Milk, Cashew.
nuts, Coconuts, Tea, Ginger, Turmeric & Black
Largest Cattle population-281 million.
Second largest producer of Wheat, Rice, Sugar and
Groundnut and Pulses.
Third largest producer of Tobacco.
Third largest in implementation of Mechanization.
Rice Wheat Cereals Pulses Food
Production in Million Tonnes
MILESTONE -THE GREEN
Acquiring more land area for
Expanding irrigation facilities.
Use of improved and advanced
variety of seeds.
Implementation of better tools and
techniques as a result of research.
Production increased 50% from 1967
to 1971 in jus four years.
Rich Bio Diversity- 46,000 plant species and
86,000 species of animals recorded.
Arable Land- 428 million acres cultivable land.
Climate- Favorable all year around (Unlike
USA, Europe and China where farming is possible
only 5 to 6 months a year).
Fragmentation of lands- Division of lands through
generations lowers profit margins for farmers.
Illiteracy- Impotent seeds, approach to moneylenders than
to banks for loans.
Lack of Technological Inputs- Bullock farming still prevailing.
Poor Infrastructure-Unavailability of modern facilities to
Agriculture Manufacturing Services
Despite the decline in its share in population it
still plays a major role in the socio-economic
development of country.
IN THE YEAR 1978 IN THE YEAR 2012
Exports- Developing of Free trade
agreements between India and other
Agro Based Industries- Machineries for
Agriculture, Pesticides and Insecticides
Horticulture- Research and development for
hybrid plants with more productivity and
THE LITERACY LEVEL IN FARMERS HAS TO
WE HAVE THE INFRASTRUCTURE ONLY
LINKS ARE MISSING.
SUSTAINABLE USE OF RESOURCES.
GOVERNMENTS ROLE AS A FACILITATOR
HAS TO BE INCREASED FOR BETTER