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  1. 1. Stepping Stones: Enhancing the quality of primary education Submitted by: Pankaj Dhasmana Pranav Kumar Gauarv Pande Tushar Goel
  2. 2. There is more than 60% dropout rate during primary education • About 39% of primary and 54.6% of upper primary students become dropouts • Teacher student ratio national average is 34 but in some states it is as high as 68. CAUSES OF THE PROBLEM • Financial condition of family • Unawareness among adult about education • Insufficient quality and quantity of teachers 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 UPPER PRIMARY PRIMARY Dropout rate Dropout rate
  3. 3. Students of upper primary classes(vi to viii) will teach the student of primary classes along with their own education Students teach students • Teachers teaching children of upper primary • Upper primary students teaching primary students • Students get stipend to teach younger students Implementation Merits • Drop out rates in primary education will decrease significantly • Number of teachers in education system will increase continuously • Training of youth for primary teaching with help of NGOs and Private companies
  4. 4. Generation of Human Resource Unemployed Educated Youth Women of villages Already existing Primary teachers •Training by professionals and NGOs(working for village education) to teach •Support from Private to establish training •Teaching Science and other core subjects to children •Training in villages by NGO workers •Subjects like moral education, games •Training by professionals to teach in remote areas •Higher pay and incentives for teaching in remote areas
  5. 5. Teaching Institutions will be centrally governed by the NGOs and Private companies. They will be funded by the Government in this direction. During training : • Regular assessments of the teacher will be taken. • Field training to nearest villages and remote areas to know the realm of the situation. • Teaching preferences and location of teachers to be taken. • Teachers to be assigned to their home zones based on the needs of skills training in the district. Awareness: • Regulating Fun activities and programs . In this context they can take the help of already existing organizations who are willing to organize it like VCHE(Vivekananda Centre Of Human Excellence). • Both traditional and social media will be utilized to spread the message. • Infrastructure management: Overall infrastructure of the school buildings, toilets, salaries, stipend to students and other important necessities will be look after by the government. So the only workload that the government in this part will be managing the infrastructure.
  6. 6. 2-Tier Approach Training of teachers: Place – institutions will be setup either at districts or directly over the villages. Training period – 6 month.(4 month institutional and 2 month field training) Medium Of Training – English, Hindi or local language Technological Intervention– Teachers should be well familiarize with the technology like on-line education, basic computer knowledge, so that they can implement these at villages. . Training Of students : 1 - Students who are at upper primary level will be teaching lower primary students. 2 - Stipend of Rs 200 per month will be provided to those students. 3 . Primary teachers train upper primary students to teach younger students
  7. 7. NGOs + Private companies Unemployed educated Youth Primary students Upper Primary students Primary school teachers Future Teachers Training Training Teaching Teaching Teaching In few years In few years Part of them
  8. 8. Challenges faced by our model Identification of the NGOs willing to participate in our model. Development of Teaching Institutes to develop quality teachers Training of Higher class Students to teach the students of lower class. • There are thousands of NGO’s , so there should be some criteria in choosing a NGO. • We can take help from NGO’s which are already working in educational field. • Funding for creating institutes infrastructure which will train teachers. • Professionals who will teach the teachers in those institutes. • As the students are required to teach lower class student, so special attention is needed in training of students.
  9. 9. Impact of our model Reach of the model • 50,000 villages will be affected • 5,000,000 student will get education • Confidence and learning of the student will be boosted. Economic Impact • 2,000,000 students will get monthly stipend • Educated unemployed village youth will get employment • Poor families will get extra money as their children will teach in schools, so they will get paid. Social Impact • Social barriers and caste system will be demolished as there will be intermixing of different caste of student teaching and being taught • stop migration because the local youth will get employment. Impact
  10. 10. Stipend given to children to teach • Taking firstly 50,000 villages in India and in each village 40 students to teach. • Amount given to each children per month= Rs.200. Therefore, total expenditure per year on each village is equal to Rs.96,000. • Expenditure on 50,000 villages is Rs.450 crores which is nearly 6% of the total tax received by the government in form of the education cess Expenditure on Infrastructure to built institutions • We will teach the teachers in their villages which are unemployed educated youth. Expenditure for making professional teachers • There will requirement of 5000 such teachers • Teachers who will train youth to teach will get Rs.1,00,000. Budget Total amount of money received by the government in the form of tax from education cess is around 8,334 crores per year.
  11. 11. Appendix References • • • • • • • • National Sample survey of India