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  1. 1. Introducing Electoral ReformsTo ReduceThe Influence Of Money And Muscle Power In Politics Fairness At Play By, Abhinav Saxena-Team Coordinator Faiz Ahmed Naqvi Rajat Basal Utkarsh Arya Utsav Jain
  2. 2. World’s most ancient civilization, The largest existing democracy,Yet the most powerful motivator here is the MONEY. Of late our Indian democracy being throttled to slow death by the stinking corrupt politicians.Whole India is facing this sort of undue advantage by these political bosses and they dictate who runs the administrations as well as policies of governance. The influence is so intense that even the top parties are entailed in it. It is well known that all parties take the help of criminal elements to dominate the election scene in India. But this process is influencing the mind and the will of the people both to gain the majority to rule the country according to their will. CHANGING FORTUNES :TOP FIVE PARTIES Party MP/MLAs analysed MP/MLAs with criminal changes Avg. asset MPs/MLAs with criminal charges Indian National Congress 2451 527 7.98 cr Bharatiya Janata Party 1689 520 3.40 cr Bahujan Samaj Party 430 149 2.56 cr Samajwad i Party 418 180 4.12 cr CPI (M) 520 111 20.91 lac Source:Association Of Democratic Reforms
  3. 3. Why the Money turned so influential in politics ? • Total Number of Candidates 5398 • IndependentCandidates 2369 • Estimated Expenditure $ 3 Billon (approx.) 2009: General Elections (Regarded as the most expensive elections ever) • Splits, mergers and alliances in recent times have frequently disrupted the compositions of political parties. • This has led to a number of disputes. • The ideological antithesis between these mergers play a serious act in the uneven flow of money. Recent Scenario • Dominance of Congress became shaky with many of the marginalized social groups – from Dalits to OBCs and Muslims – shifting their allegiance to other parties and, forming their own parties often based on regionalism and ethnicity. • This witnessed the consecration into politics of a new breed of politicians with little respect for parliamentary etiquettes and democratic values. • Thus, advent of money and muscle power in Indian electoral scenario. Onset of Regional Politics: Late 70s
  4. 4. • • The 1991 economic reforms saw enormous increase in per capita income and purchase power parity of Indian citizens. • Many foreign brands started selling their products such as cell phones, fast food, consumer electronics, etc. • By joining hands with regional players not only increased the brand value of Indian firms but also their importance in the international business community. • So in order to meet corporate bottom lines businessmen started manipulating politicians for land allotments, tender distributions etc. which played a major role in corrupting the administration to it’s core. Post Liberalisation Era : Early 90’s 0 2 4 6 8 GDP Per capita GDP Industry Average Growth of Real GDP over 50Years 1951-60 1961-70 1971-80 1981-90 1991-2000 1992-2000 Source:Central StatisticalOrganisation, National AccountsAnd Income Estimates, New Delhi
  5. 5. So what we need to do ? IAS and IPS officers will be given supreme powers to take severe action against any accused political practitioner irrespective of his/her position. Once the convicted politicians are proved guilty in court, their right to fight elections ever in a lifetime must be smashed. Selection of Candidate to contest elections on a fair and square basis. Introducing Fast track courts to deal with corrupt politicians. Closely monitoring the voting procedure to avoid objectionable infiltration. Contd…
  6. 6. So what we need to do ? Reapplying the RTI act on political parties. Prohibition ofTrading of independent candidates. Introducing certain laws to illuminate the deep rooted Nexus between businessmen, politicians and bureaucrats. Compelling print media and electronic media to be unbiased.
  7. 7. Implementation Amend the laws to make bureaucracy as autonomous as CAG and EC. Continuously organising awareness camps in schools and colleges. Technology will be used to increase the transparency of voting system Introduction of local groups on grass root level which provide constant feedbacks. Certain intellectual people who have some influence over the society will be embodied in this plan. Monthly camps will be organised in different regions of a selected constituency The Companies Bill(investment on CSR),will provide enough revenues to fund the local groups. We expect Rs. 63 Billion to flow in from India’s top 500 listed companies, going by the government’s 2 % norm. If we further extrapolate this calculation by geography- each of India’s 660 districts could get over Rs. 18 crore of this investment. Implementations
  8. 8. Impact on society The GDP (gross domestic product) of India shall rise exponentially once the investor confidence is reassured in Indian administration. More and more people will cast their vote in Lok sabha andVidhan sabha elections as their faith shall be restored in the system. The system shall become more transparent which will help to solve the problem of brain-drain in the minds of educated urban youth. The citizens will start pondering about the various aspects of the system. Crime rates in the country will be reduced, as the Bureaucracy shall revive.
  9. 9. Challenges As most of the politicians are neck deep in corruption, the reforms seem to be far gone. Black money won’t be easily retrievable from Swiss bank as the government is reluctant. 70% Indians live in rural areas, this signifies that they are unable to retain necessary and sufficient information required to understand political strategies. The everlasting dynastic politics makes it a tedious task to introduce any amendment. A soaring number of fake voters makes it impossible to contest fair elections. The consistent adieu of the Indian youth in politics is like adding fuel to the fire.
  10. 10. Mitigation factors • A cutting edge judiciary system . • An autonomous administrative system. • Time to time contact with foreign organisations and constant analysis at the grass root level. • Some youth empowerment seminars must be conducted throughout the country, so as to increase their inclination towards various political components of the nation. • Conscience towards positive ideologies are always welcome. And that is where youth movement like MANTHAN stands apart.
  11. 11. REFERNCES • The EconomicTimes- CorporateTrends • India: Mounting Influence of Money Power in Elections and the Crisis of Representation J. Prabhash -Asia-Pacific Journal of Social Sciences • Economy ,Development Of India-Wikipedia • Central Statistical Organisation, National AccountsAnd Income Estimates, New Delhi • The Hindu-The market for India's criminal politicians,MilanVaishnav • The market for criminality: Money, muscle and elections in India, Milan Vaishnav,Columbia University. • Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India-