VANAL

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VANAL

  1. 1. WATER and SANITATION Arun bansal Vedant saraf Ashish atlas Lakesh banotra Nishil dhiman
  2. 2. WATER and SANITATION Today, more than one billion people lack access to safe water and over three billion, half of humanity, do not have adequate sanitation facilities.
  3. 3. WATER and SANITATION The number of people without adequate water and sanitation facilities could reach 5.5 billion in the next 20 years.
  4. 4. WATER AS A HUMAN RIGHT “Water is fundamental for life and health. The human right to water is indispensable for leading a healthy life in human dignity. It is a pre-requisite to the realization of all other human rights.” UN Committee on Economic, Cultural and Social Rights 26.November 2002
  5. 5. Scope of Water and Sanitation Policy • This policy applies to all Water and Sanitation interventions carried out by National Societies and the International Federation. • Programming and advocacy aims at incorporating Water and Sanitation objectives into general health and development programmes as well as in emergency situations. • Water and Sanitation is a Health initiative, clearly defined and seen as one of the most important aspects of preventive health. • Community Based Health Care cannot be considered without addressing the issue of Water and Sanitation coverage.
  6. 6. India ChinaAfghanistan Pakistan Iran Azerbaijan Turkey Thailande Cambodia Malaysia Vietnam Philippines North Korea Namibia Angola Tanzania D.R. Congo Kenya Ethiopia Sudan Rwanda Uganda . Zambia Zimbabwe Botswana Mozambique Malawi Hungary Myanmar Bosnia-Herzegovina Papua New GuineaPeru Venezuela Bolivia Argentina Colombia Paraguay Bangladesh Swaziland Lesotho Nepal Guatemala El Salvador Honduras Nicaragua Belize Panama Costa Rica Cuba Eritrea Laos Indonesia Guinea Bissau Liberia Kazakhastan Uzbekistan Iraq Syria Slovakia Croatia Albania Secretariat Geneva Switzerland North-East Russia East Timor Nigeria Cote d'Ivoire Macedonia Haiti Dominican Rep Tajikistan Sri Lanka Somalia Djibutia Madagascar Comores Fiji Algeria Jordan WatSan Activities 1993-2006 6.5 Million People served with Emergency WatSan 2.5 Million People served by Developmental WatSan Active in over 35 Countries
  7. 7. 1 out of Programmes • North Korea • Wat-San started in 1999 • Programme 2002-2004 • 100 municaplities • Provide clean water, sanitation, hygiene education • 3 delegates • DPRK RC Wat-San department
  8. 8. HARDWARE and SOFTWARE Hygiene promotion (Software) must be established parallel to / before introducing hardware (pumpes, pipes).
  9. 9. Statements • Community participation • National Water and Sanitation strategies • Integrated approach • Evolution from relief to development
  10. 10. Responsibilities • A careful, respectful approach to official community leaders and traditional and/or religious leaders is imperative. • When the community is committed, Government is informed and relationships with others players and local Red Cross structures are established, the engineering work may commence.

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