vamshi

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vamshi

  1. 1. Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Theme Sanitation TEAM COORDINATOR VAMSHI APURI TEAM MEMBERS: VARUN CHINTHA VENKANNA BANOTH DILEEP NARESH GOLLA
  2. 2. Global Status Water Supply 2% 7% Regional distribution of global population not served with improved water supply and improved sanitation Sanitation 2% 5% 28% 63% Asia Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Europe 80% 13% Asia Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Europe Total unserved: 1.1 billion Total unserved: 2.4 billion (Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report: : WHO and UNICEF, 2000)
  3. 3. Global Coverage Global water supply coverage(%) 95 79 94 71 82 80 100 1990 2000 Global sanitation coverage(%) 82 86 80 100 1990 2000 66 79 71 0 20 40 60 80 Urban water supply Rulal water supply Total water supply 35 55 38 60 0 20 40 60 80 Urban sanitation Rulal sanitation Total sanitation (Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report: : WHO and UNICEF, 2000)
  4. 4. Urban Explosion Europe and Central Asia East Asia and Pacific Rapid urbanization may bring the urban poor more ill-health (World Development Report 2003 : The World Bank, 2002) 0 20 40 60 80 100 All developing Countries Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia Middle East and North Africa Latin America and Caribbean National urban population share(%) 2000 2025
  5. 5. (Safe Drinking Water) Halve, by the year 2015, the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water Key Targets - WSSD Plan of Implementation - without access to safe drinking water (reaffirmation of Millennium Development Goal) (Sanitation) Halve, by the year 2015, the proportion of people who do not have access to basic sanitation
  6. 6. Type2 Partnerships / Initiatives (Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation) Some Examples – The Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) for all Initiative : WSSCC – Dialogue on Effective Water Governance : GWP,– Dialogue on Effective Water Governance : GWP, UNDP – Establishment of networking partnership for sharing knowledge and cooperation through the activities of the 3 rd World Water Forum:Secretariat of WWF3 e.t.c.
  7. 7. Examples of Key Issues (General) • Means to achieve the target – Concrete actions • Sharing knowledge and experience• Sharing knowledge and experience • Concerted actions at all levels – Follow-up mechanism • Identification of roles of existing institutions and mechanisms • Specific role of the following WWFs
  8. 8. Examples of Key Issues (Safe Drinking Water) • Planning at country level to achieve the target – Ownership and governance / Promotion of political will • Providing safe drinking water supply – Full use of traditional system and site-specific– Full use of traditional system and site-specific technologies • Maintenance of existing systems – Rehabilitation and improved operation and maintenance of existing systems • Capacity building – Human resources and institutional building – Synergy among partners
  9. 9. Examples of Key Issues (Sanitation) Climate, Culture, Public Water Resources, Natural • Expanding and improving sanitation services which should be affordable and socially and culturally acceptable Public Acceptance Socio- economics Technology Natural Environment Keys to Sustainable Progress in Sanitation • Promoting safe hygiene • Develop Technical and culturally acceptable education and practices Financial Capacity
  10. 10. Integrate Sanitation into Water resources Management as well as Water Pollution Prevention Humans Sanitation for Black / Gray Water Safe Drinking Water and Nature Black / Gray Water Water and Other Domestic Water Agriculture, Industry and Other Water Uses
  11. 11. Good Governance and Broad Participation ・ Policy Making and Public Awareness Institutional/Financial/Technological Arrangement Government Citizen Private Sector Schools NGOs Community Leaders Other Stakeholders Health Workers Mass Media Technical Advisors

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