Vajra

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Vajra

  1. 1. Stepping Stones Enhancing the quality of primary education “School Chalein Hum” Initiative By:- “TEAM VAJRA” ADITYA RAI AJINKYA JAIN MRIDUL VERMA PARAG KANITKAR ROHIT SAINI “I never teach my pupils, I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn.”
  2. 2. Incompetent primary education in India Some Mind-boggling facts • Reading levels continue to be a cause for serious concern. More than half of all children in Std. V are at least three grade levels behind where they should be In 2012 nationally, 53.2% of all children in Std. V could not read a Std. II level text. This proportion has increased continuously in last 3 years.The percentage of all children enrolled in Std. III who cannot read a Std. I level text is 61.3% in 2012, increasing continuously from 2010-12. Across rural India, 48.9% children enrolled in Std. V could read English words or more, and 22.5% could read simple English sentences. Among all children enrolled in Std. VIII, 47% could read sentences India has an estimated 400 million children under the age of 18. About 240 million of these are between the ages of six and 14. Despite the fact that about 95% of these children are enrolled in primary school, only 45% manage to finish their elementary education. Modern education in India is often criticized for being based on rote learning rather than problem solving. BusinessWeek criticizes the Indian curriculum, saying “it revolves around rote learning” and Express India suggests that “students are focused on cramming.” Preschool for Child Rights states that “almost 99% of preschools do not have any curriculum at all.” Enrollment in the 6-14 age group continues to be very high (96%). But the proportion of out of school children has increased, especially among girls in the age group of 11 to 14 Girls in the age group of 11 to 14 years are often the hardest to bring to school and keep in school. A study conducted by the Teamlease Services has revealed that after the completion of primary level education, 11 per cent student were not able to recognize anything, 14.1 per cent can recognize only letters, 14.9 per cent can read a word, 17 per cent can read a paragraph of a story and only 42.8 per cent can read the complete story. 2012 proved to be a bad year for arithmetic as the numbers rose drastically as shown in both the figures.
  3. 3. Reasons for Inadequate Primary Education ● 90% of our primary schools are run by government, most of which are situated in rural areas. Usually, they are way below than the average criteria for quality education. ● The low learning achievement problem in India mostly due to the combination of following factors: ○ Government schools have poor infrastructural facilities.According to various surveys, 95.2% of schools do not meet the RTE infrastructure indicators ○ Teacher:Pupil ratio is very less. Why we have selected this problem? “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” ― Nelson Mandela Education is everyone’s birthright. Educating children no matter where they are, is one of the biggest steps we can take toward ending some of other major problems faced by our country like population, poverty,unemployment etc. India's improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India. Everything is linked and poor literacy rate is the root cause which is generating many problems. Solving the problem of Primary education will definitely help us in eradicating all other problems that are linked to it. It will help to build a better society which is more aware of the problems and solutions to solve them. ➔ In 2008-2009, on average, 45% of teachers working in primary schools across rural India had not studied beyond the 12th grade. ➔ In 2002-2003, 25% of primary-school teachers in rural India were absent on any given day ➔ Resource materials are never provided in adequate quantity. ➔ Socio-cultural factors like discrimination against the girl child, prevalence of child labour, cast differences and poverty play a major role in hindering the access to quality primary education. ➔ Funds are the major reasons of the Education problem in India. If funds are available, they are not being used effectively.
  4. 4. Proposed Solution consists of two parts: . Live Classroom: - The teacher who is teaching at a model school in a nearby town will be in live contact with the students in the village school via Video Conferencing. - Students will be interacting with the teacher throughout the period. - This will enable students in rural areas to receive equal level of education as being received by students studying in urban areas - This method will help students in rural areas to have better understanding of the subjects as they will learn the subjects from best teachers teaching using modern education techniques. Pre-Recorded Lectures: - In the areas lacking proper internet connectivity pre-recorded sessions, recorded in live classes of model teachers (helps in clarifying the common doubts), will be used for taking class. - Weekly session for further doubt clarification can be arranged with of Regional Nodal centers (model schools) and NGOs. - Live session can be taken or pre-recorded session can be recorded by any willing person who is certified by the regional nodal center. Addressing the Present Day Education Problems : Problem: One of the major Problem that Primary teachers face today is that they have to teach students of multi grades. Each classroom has children with different levels of learning achievements. Solution: - For lower primary class students (Class 1 to 3), who need one to one interaction, this solution will act as an aid for the teachers. It will enable teachers to adopt better teaching methodologies while using minimum resources. - For higher classes, more dependability on the live classes will not only help students, as they will learn better from various live examples and teaching aids, but also help teachers to lessen their burden. - With decreased burden on them, teachers can concentrate more on providing better education to lower primary class students. Hence, increasing the overall quality of primary education. Online classroom for students in rural areas devoid of Quality Teaching
  5. 5. Merits of our solution in comparison to existing alternatives ● Government of India has enacted Right to Education Act under which every child should receive free and compulsory education. Still, some parents do not allow their children to go to school ,this is because the quality of education in rural government schools is so bad that even after passing out of the school, child helps his father in his business.Our solution is based on enhancing the quality of education which will provide better future prospects for the student and also for the family hence tempting parents to send their child to school. ● At present, many parents are unwilling to send their children to school. Instead they find it more profitable to indulge their children into their family occupation so that they can contribute to family income. To create an awareness of long term benefits of education an yearly online session will be conducted in each and every village.These sessions will also focus on other problems which affect the education system like the narrow-minded thoughts of untouchability, child labour and discrimination on basis of gender. ● Since we are making internet available to the remote areas, it can be used for development of the village.For ex. Farmers can use it to know about latest developments in agriculture. ● Proper monitoring of students is essential to measure the effectiveness of the solution. Yearly tests will be conducted by state governments to ensure the quality of learning among students. If performance of a particular school falls below a benchmark then proper action will be taken. On the other hand students will get distinction for performing well. Teachers will also be rewarded for the same.
  6. 6. Making the Dream Reality... Resource Generation ● Selection of Best Regional Teachers that will take the online courses. ● Generation of Database of Pre-Recorded Lectures that will be used in regions having no or poor internet connectivity which would be created by these teachers as well as interested volunteers who seek to contribute to the programme. ● Formation of Regional nodal centers (Model schools will act as these centers) for conduction of activities. Infrastructure Establishment ● Providing Laptops, Projectors, Speakers etc to each school for conduction of video conference teaching session ● Providing Internet connection for conduction of Live teaching sessions ● Providing Database of Pre-recorded Lectures to each school. ● Generators or Solar Panels in those villages which have electricity problems for conduction of teaching sessions Stakeholders ● Students- will receive quality education from good teachers with better understanding and better practical knowledge. ● Teachers- ○ (taking online classes) -> would be recognised by the government for his/her efforts and could receive incentives for better performance. ○ (present in school) -> will learn new methods of teaching and could increase their knowledge themselves ● Parents - Educated children will help in the upliftment of financial and social status of the family ● Nation - Value of Human Resources will increase tremendously Session Conduction & Evaluation ● One person per laptop will be provided for controlling the laptop while session. ● He will also monitor the class during the session. ● Evaluation : ○ Monthly assessment of students will be done by the teachers of the school. ○ Yearly assessment will be done centrally for the whole region by the regional nodal centre.
  7. 7. Cost Estimation and Funding One time Investment ( Amount in Rs) Laptop : 25,000 Projector,Speaker : 10,000 Per Year Investment ( Amount in Rs) Electricity , Internet : 9,000 p.a Salary Of Controller /Technician : 60,000 p.a. Miscellaneous : 30,000 p.a. ( Including Repairs and Generator Bills) Overall : 99,000 p.a. Earlier Teacher (average salary) : 1,20,000 p.a. Saving : 21,000 p.a. One Important thing to note in this cost analysis is that we have assumed each teacher who was employed to educate the children in villages are given 1,20,00 p.a. After applying our solution the government would be able to save 21,000 p.a. per teacher after the initial investment which could be used by the government to improve the infrastructure of the programme. With the implementation of our idea the burden on teachers will reduce, so we recommend that the teachers who are found not taking their jobs seriously, should be scrutinized accordingly and should be paid as per their performance. Moreover we can ask people to aid financially in this programme and contribute towards the development of the nation.
  8. 8. IMPACTS Quality of education of students will be enhanced greatly by using this technique. Students will get better teaching facilities without going to far off places. Learning will be fun. So more and more students would get enrolled in schools and continue their education to higher levels. Sustainability: Students learning from this method have a better understanding of the subjects. They can serve as teachers in their respective villages after completing their education, and hence making the programme more effective. Scalability of the solution is tremendous and outcomes seem very promising in the long run. This can further be extended to secondary education and even to college teaching. Assessment Criteria: Monthly tests conducted by school and yearly examination conducted by government will provide a proper method of monitoring.
  9. 9. FAQs aka Challenges Que : Availability of Electricity in villages ? And what about internet? Ans : Non availability of Internet and electricity connection are the biggest technical challenge for the solution. As a solution to the problem of electricity, we have devised the use of generators and solar panels. Running cost for the same has been already included in the overall cost estimation of the method. For addressing the problem of non availability of the internet, usage of pre-recorded lectures in place of live teaching sessions has already been proposed. Que : How the performance of students will be accessed? Ans : Monthly assessment will be done by conducting tests on school level. Test paper guidelines may be provided by the regional nodal centres for better assessment. Yearly examination will be conducted by the RNCs on regional level. Que : There might be some social issues of the villagers that may come in the way of their children’s education like child labour, untouchability,discrimination against girls etc. Ans : Online sessions would be conducted in order to create awareness among parents and to motivate them. These sessions will be conducted by some famous personality so that their impact would be much stronger.
  10. 10. Future Aspects ● Use of Information and Communication Technology like video conferencing through which public school teachers can learn about teach methodology from experienced teachers from both private and public sectors. ● Absentee teachers from primary schools is a major concern nation is facing currently. This problem may be solved by monitoring the daily attendance of the teachers with the help of a photo based entry system on laptops. ● Many times it so happen that the students belonging to the linguistic minority groups have to study in the language of the linguistic majority of the state or in English. We can ask some personal belonging to the same linguistic community from nodal center/city to teach the respective students. ● High absentee rates of primary students is observed, particularly in rural areas. To encourage students for coming to the school, we can have educational games and programs in the laptop. ● Curriculum of primary education hardly matches the surroundings of the students in which they live. As a result, students often suffer from fish-out-of-water syndrome leading to a high dropout rate. To avoid this situation, some vocational courses may be taught to the students.
  11. 11. Appendix ● http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=3160 ● http://img.asercentre.org/docs/Publications/ASER% 20Reports/ASER_2012/nationalfinding.pdf ● http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/document.aspx? ReportId=121&IF_Language=eng&BR_Country=3560 ● http://indiancag.org/manthan/research-documents/primary-education.pdf

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