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  1. 1. Enhancing The Quality of Primary Education in Rural India Continuous Student And Teacher Assessment Model Ankit Singh Nityanand Jha Rajeev Kumar Sneha Goel Surjit Singh Gautam TEAM: Utthan
  2. 2. Primary Education According to Gopal Krishna Gokhle- “An illiterate and ignorant nation can never make any solid progress and must fall back in the race of life” Important phase in a child’s educational career Lays the foundation for his/her learning and overall development Instills moral and humanistic values in a child, key for grooming him/her as a responsible adult Focuses on developing a child’s thinking process and communication skills Current Scenario Out of approximately 1.2 billion in India, 26% live below $1/day and 35% are illiterate About 20% of Indian Children between ages of 6 to 14 are not enrolled in school out of which 60% are girls Among enrolled students, attendance rates are very low 26% of enrolled pupils in primary school drop out before grade 5 Schooling of all children till they achieve adulthood leads to many substantial positive effects- better family health, low birth rate, higher productivity, higher earnings and at the top of it improved economy of the country as a whole
  3. 3. Constituting A Committee For Assessing And Promoting Primary Education [ We have targeted our solution for rural areas. If it gets success than our model can easily be improvised and implemented for cities] • Regular visits to schools by committee members • Induce a sense of accountability in the community, by using parents’ and Gram Sabha’s proactive involvement • Regular evaluation conducted by the committee will serve as guidelines for the assessment of quality of primary education . • Advantages over existing system • Continuous student and teacher assessment by a committee comprising of educated villagers • Implementation Model • Committee will motivate parents to increase enrolment and reduce drop outs • Assessing teacher’s performance and punctuality by committee members with the help of students and parents • Performance of teachers will be assessed continuously • Continuous assessment of students by external committee will enhance quality of education and lead to higher enrolment and drastically reduce dropouts • Parents and village community will participate in education system at primary level • Involvement of such stakeholders provides us a holistic approach which can prove to be highly beneficial for the teachers, the parents and most importantly, the students.
  4. 4. President Executive • Gram Pradhan shall be appointed by Block Development Officer (BDO) as president of the committee • Supervise the selection of executive officer and other committee members • Planning of meetings with parents and teachers Structure of committee and work distribution Members • Selected by Gram Sabha on the basis of educational background and his motivation for social welfare • Link between Block Development Office and committee • Age limit ≤ 45 years • Members will be selected on the basis of merit / educational qualifications • Members can also be selected from locally active NGOs having expertise in primary education • Play active role in conducting rallies/campaigns for motivating parents , conducting tests for assessment of students • Taking feedbacks from students and parents regarding consistency of teachers • Age limit ≤ 45 years
  5. 5. Continuousteacher assessmentby committee • 1 member of committee will be present in 1 school of Gram Sabha in the morning session of school to check the attendance of the teachers and will look after the daily attendance of all the staff of school • 3 meetings in a month on the performance of teachers of gram sabha • Teachers will be subjected to warning, in the gram-sabha meeting , in case of non-compliance with the standards • For teachers ,with unreasonably bad performance ,a separate balance sheet will be maintained • Non-performing teachers can be debarred from promotion • Progress of balance sheet will be reported to Dy. DIoS • If they continue to underperform then they will be recommended for suspension or transferred to non- teaching department • Teachers from neighboring areas will be recommended to DIoS to be appointed in a school Implementation
  6. 6. Management Plan of committee DIoS Dy. DIoS BDO Committee District Inspector of Schools Deputy District Inspector of Schools Block Development Officer Committee will work at Gram Panchayat level . It will collect information regarding performance of primary school teachers and students of every village under the Gram Panchayat, and then report it to the concerned BDO BDO will examine all the complains and problems sent by committee .He must attend gram sabhas along with committee members to give suggestions/warnings to teachers. If in case, he finds out that the committee is not performing their tasks properly then he may submit a report to the DIoS against the committee members. DIoS will be submitted list of all the primary school teachers in a district who are not performing their job well. Dy. DIoS will assist him in all his works. He may pay visit to schools ,with pretty poor performance and take appropriate actions. In extreme cases, suspension or transfer can be done by him.
  7. 7. Committee model will require fund of 2.45 lakhs/gram Panchayats per year Totalfund requirement Committee structuring cost Logistics Cost Rewards •Members and executive selection cost (₹6000 ) • 3 Members (₹4000 each/month) and 1 executive ₹5000/month)Honorarium • Cost incurred during rallies and campaigning , conducting tests • Performance based rewards for teacher as well as students • Incentives for committee members ₹2.1 lakhs/year ₹25k/year ₹10k/year
  8. 8. Sources of funding Total Fund (₹ 6492 cr) 70% by governments (₹ 4544 cr) 30% funded by philanthropists and NGOs 60% by central government 40% by state government₹ 1947 cr ₹ 1817 cr₹ 2726 cr The funding from central and state governments may vary from state to state depending upon the conditions in that state.
  9. 9. Impact of the solutions Incentives for students and teachers Improve attendance Development of interest towards education Regular assessment by Committee members Act as deterrent for absentees Promotional campaigns and inclusion of Gram Sabha in the process Result in co- ordination among village members, parents and teachers Enable creation of motivated community Can act as mediator between administration and school authority
  10. 10. CHALLENGES & RISKS • CONCEPT RISKS • IMPLEMENTATION RISKS -> Government do not see the viability of funding this model The committee members may not properly enact their responsibilities DIoS officers feel that its their responsibility and power that is being diluted Corruption and bribery might be a factor Searching and qualifying the right candidates might take some good amount of effort There is already a shortage of skilled professionals in India even for teaching in Primary Schools. If the committee finds out, a big lot out of the working set, that most of them are not executing their job adequately and decides to take a strict action, then it will lead to a further shortage of labour The entire budget under this project at National level will be about ₹ 6492 crore. Also, initially, Government may try to implement it in some targeted locations, if it reflects success then it can be gradually improvised as a National Project. The DIoS can be made the reviewing in charge of this committee. It will ensure proper disposal of power and regulate the working of the committee. Selection of the committee must be done by district level officials. This may cut-off corruption and provide for unbiased selections from the candidates MITIGATION FACTORSMITIGATION FACTORS
  11. 11. REFERNCES • http://www.primaryeducation.sg/ • http://birbhum.gov.in/DPSC/reference/19.pdf • http://primary-education-in-andhrapradesh.blogspot.in/2010/07/importance- of-primary-education-in.html • http://www.ideasforindia.in/article.aspx?article_id=119 • http://www.pratham.org/file/ASER-2012report.pdf