BOOSTING THE AGRICULTURAL
Prepared By: Athira.B,Dyuthi Ravindran, Aswathy.V, Elizabeth johnson, Hasna kharim.
Team Name : Unicraves.
Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of
Agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs.
Agricultural productivity is measured as the market value of
Agricultural productivity may also be measured by total factor
productivity.(TFP),this method of calculating agricultural
productivity compares an index of agricultural inputs to an
index of outputs.
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IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
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• Increasing the agricultural productivity affects the region’s prospects for growth
and competitiveness on the agricultural market,income distribution and savings,
and labour migration.
• An increase in a region's agricultural productivity implies a more efficient
distribution of scarce resources.
INCREASING AGRICULTURAL PRICE DUE TO SLOWING DOWN THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
REASONS OF LOW PRODUCTIVITY
The average size of land holdings is very small (less than 2 hectares)
and is subject to fragmentation due to land ceiling acts, and in some
cases, family disputes. Such small holdings are often over-manned,
resulting in disguised unemployment and low productivity of labour.
Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology is
inadequate, hampered by ignorance of such practices, high costs and
impracticality in the case of small land holdings.
Illiteracy, general socio-economic backwardness, slow progress in
implementing land reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and
marketing services for farm produce.
Inconsistent government policy. Agricultural subsidies and taxes often
changed without notice for short term political ends.
Irrigation facilities are inadequate.
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SOLUTIONS TO CLOSE THE GAP
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Removing Barriers to Global and
Regional Trade in Agriculture.
Strengthening and Streamlining
Development Assistance Programs.`
Enhancing Private Sector
Involvement in Agricultural and
Rural Infrastructure Development
GOALS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Achieve 4% growth in agriculture and raise incomes by increasing
productivity (land, labour), diversification to high value agriculture
and rural non-farm by maintaining food security.
Sharing growth (equity) by focusing on small and marginal farmers,
lagging regions, women etc.
To maintain sustainability of agriculture by focusing on
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POLICIES NEEDED TO ACHIEVE GOALS
Subisidies and investments.
Irrigation and water management.
Research and extension.
Domestic market reforms and diversification.
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GDP Population Maize Rice
India Brazil China
MEASURES TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
Expansion of Irrigation Facilities
Use of HYV Seeds
Scientific Methods of Cultivation
Use of Mechanization.
More Use of Chemical Fertilizers
Development of Agricultural Land
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Agricultural Investment and Productivity in Developing Countries,
FAO Economic And Social Development Paper No. 148, ed. Lydia
Zepeda, 2001, FAO Corporate Document Repository, 12 July
Fischer, R. A.; Byerlee, Eric; Edmeades, E. O. "Can Technology
Deliver on the Yield Challenge to 2050". Expert Meeting on How to
Feed the World (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Pandit, V., 2004, Sustainable Economic Growth for India: An Exercise
in Macro Economic Scenario Building.
Government of India, Planning Commission, 2011, Issues for Approach
to the 12th Five Year Plan, Power Point, 21 April 2011
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It's no good simply preparing for crises. We have to prevent them altogether
The prospects for Indian agriculture are good. Demand will grow fast and if we create the
correct incentive and organization systems the Indian farmer will not fail us as he has responded
well in the past when our policies were supportive.
Research systems will have to concentrate on a much larger cafeteria of crops and support to
non-crop agriculture, including animal husbandry, fish and forests.
The real dangers, apart from anti-agricultural policies, are in running into real resource
constraints. Again here the strategies for land and water management are known and agricultural
research can fill in the gaps. Unfortunately, the Eleventh Plan is the first plan without a chapter
on the Perspective of the Economy and we have to rely on the efforts of people concerned on
India’s future outside the government like me. We may hope for a more serious effort in the mid
term review of the Eleventh Plan. As member of the Planning Commission it was my good fortune
to develop this vision of a detailed agro-climatic strategy for India. It is more urgent now.
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