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  1. 1. Subtitle SOWING PROSPERITY BOOSTING THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY Prepared By: Athira.B,Dyuthi Ravindran, Aswathy.V, Elizabeth johnson, Hasna kharim. Team Name : Unicraves.
  2. 2. ABOUT AGRICULTURALPRODUCTIVITY  Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of Agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs.  Agricultural productivity is measured as the market value of final output.  Agricultural productivity may also be measured by total factor productivity.(TFP),this method of calculating agricultural productivity compares an index of agricultural inputs to an index of outputs. Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 2
  3. 3. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 3 • Increasing the agricultural productivity affects the region’s prospects for growth and competitiveness on the agricultural market,income distribution and savings, and labour migration. • An increase in a region's agricultural productivity implies a more efficient distribution of scarce resources. INCREASING AGRICULTURAL PRICE DUE TO SLOWING DOWN THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
  4. 4. REASONS OF LOW PRODUCTIVITY  The average size of land holdings is very small (less than 2 hectares) and is subject to fragmentation due to land ceiling acts, and in some cases, family disputes. Such small holdings are often over-manned, resulting in disguised unemployment and low productivity of labour.  Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology is inadequate, hampered by ignorance of such practices, high costs and impracticality in the case of small land holdings.  Illiteracy, general socio-economic backwardness, slow progress in implementing land reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and marketing services for farm produce.  Inconsistent government policy. Agricultural subsidies and taxes often changed without notice for short term political ends.  Irrigation facilities are inadequate. Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 4
  5. 5. Sep 05, 2013 Project by Unicraves 5
  6. 6. SOLUTIONS TO CLOSE THE GAP Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 6 Improving Agricultural Research funding Removing Barriers to Global and Regional Trade in Agriculture. Strengthening and Streamlining Development Assistance Programs.` Embracing Science-Based Technologie`s Enhancing Private Sector Involvement in Agricultural and Rural Infrastructure Development
  7. 7. GOALS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT  Achieve 4% growth in agriculture and raise incomes by increasing productivity (land, labour), diversification to high value agriculture and rural non-farm by maintaining food security.  Sharing growth (equity) by focusing on small and marginal farmers, lagging regions, women etc.  To maintain sustainability of agriculture by focusing on environmental concerns. Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 7
  8. 8. POLICIES NEEDED TO ACHIEVE GOALS  Price policy.  Subisidies and investments.  Land issues.  Irrigation and water management.  Research and extension.  Credit.  Domestic market reforms and diversification. Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 8
  9. 9. Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 9 0.5 15 0.5 15 0.7 2 5 0.3 10 20 20 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 GDP Population Maize Rice EMERGING ECONOMIES India Brazil China FiguresIn%
  10. 10. MEASURES TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY  Multiple Cropping  Expansion of Irrigation Facilities  Use of HYV Seeds  Plant Protection  Scientific Methods of Cultivation  Use of Mechanization.  More Use of Chemical Fertilizers  Development of Agricultural Land  Animal Husbandry  Land Reforms Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 10
  11. 11. REFERENCE  Agricultural Investment and Productivity in Developing Countries, FAO Economic And Social Development Paper No. 148, ed. Lydia Zepeda, 2001, FAO Corporate Document Repository, 12 July 2007, http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X9447E/x9447e00.HTM  Fischer, R. A.; Byerlee, Eric; Edmeades, E. O. "Can Technology Deliver on the Yield Challenge to 2050". Expert Meeting on How to Feed the World (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).  Pandit, V., 2004, Sustainable Economic Growth for India: An Exercise in Macro Economic Scenario Building.  Government of India, Planning Commission, 2011, Issues for Approach to the 12th Five Year Plan, Power Point, 21 April 2011 Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 11
  12. 12. CONCLUSION It's no good simply preparing for crises. We have to prevent them altogether The prospects for Indian agriculture are good. Demand will grow fast and if we create the correct incentive and organization systems the Indian farmer will not fail us as he has responded well in the past when our policies were supportive. Research systems will have to concentrate on a much larger cafeteria of crops and support to non-crop agriculture, including animal husbandry, fish and forests. The real dangers, apart from anti-agricultural policies, are in running into real resource constraints. Again here the strategies for land and water management are known and agricultural research can fill in the gaps. Unfortunately, the Eleventh Plan is the first plan without a chapter on the Perspective of the Economy and we have to rely on the efforts of people concerned on India’s future outside the government like me. We may hope for a more serious effort in the mid term review of the Eleventh Plan. As member of the Planning Commission it was my good fortune to develop this vision of a detailed agro-climatic strategy for India. It is more urgent now. Sep 05, 2013Project by Unicraves 12