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  1. 1. Manthan Topic : Public Distribution System FAIR RATION ALLOCATION Team Members :- Utkarsh Dhadge Videh Paliwal Vinay Rathod Rahul Rane Vaibhav Utpat
  2. 2. Functioning of Current PDS • Public Distribution System (PDS) is an Indian food security system. • It distributes subsidized food and non-food items to India's poor such as wheat, rice, sugar, and kerosene, through a network of Fair Price Shop(FPS). • Schemes Under the PDS are :- 1) TPDS 2) AAY • Under TPDS, A BPL card holder should be given 35 kg of foodgrain and APL card holder should be given 15 kg of food grain as per the norms of PDS.
  3. 3. Leakages Under PDS • The government spends Rs. 750 billion ($13.6 billion) per year, almost 1 percent of GDP, yet 21% remain undernourished. • As per allocation of 2013 food grains distribution, there is huge difference between allocation and off take. • Irregularities in PDS includes losses due to over- allotment, fake ration cards, transportation, distribution problems.
  4. 4. Supply Chain Management Of Ration Is Major Concern • As Food Security Bill is passed this year and covers a lot rural areas in India. So, peoples will take advantage of PDS in coming year. • So, it is necessary for government to do a proper allocation of food items. Data mining can be a one option to control the losses due to over-allotment, fake ration cards, transportation, distribution problems. • Through Data Mining, databases at different regions can be used for analyzing data through which requirement from taluka, district can be managed, inventory management can be done.
  5. 5. Current Flow of distribution Taluka level District level State level • State government and central collectively sends food grains to district level • It is distributed over the state governments godown • From the godown it is distributed over FPS of each area
  6. 6. Proposed system Database • Registration and entry of FPS to taluka database • Registration of customer associated with FPS to taluka database • Summary of taluka activities reported to district, which is forwarded to state
  7. 7. Activation of ration card • Registered customer is activated for 2 months • Card will be activated for 2 months only • Deactivated customer could not take ration • Activated customer will get barcode coupons at the time of activation
  8. 8. System Flow
  9. 9. Functioning of Activation Center • Activate the ration card of the users after each two months and give barcode coupons for that two months. -if 35kg is allocated give 35barcoded coupons. • Cross checking of barcode coupons submitted by FPS person and previous 2 months activated customers. • Results of cross checking will be used for supply of food items for next month allocation to FPS . • Postman as Infoman and rural devlopment officers may work in small town as activator system
  10. 10. Functioning of Customer • Reporting at Activation Center for activation of ration card for each two months. • Collecting Barcode coupons for each two months. • Users who are not activated will not be able to take ration for that months.
  11. 11. Functioning of FPS Person • Cross checking of Ration card and barcode coupons. • At the end of two months, FPS person will submit all the used coupons at activation center. • Off take in kg from FPS is equal to coupons collected.
  12. 12. Advantages • Useful where 100% computer automation is not possible. • Base for automation is created . • If fake barcode coupons are used,it is easy to locate the FPS and area in cross checking. • Cost effective. • Easy to implement. • Effective use of technology. • Inventory management. • Powerless FPS person. • Effective Supply chain management. • Effective solution for “FOOD SECURITY”.
  13. 13. • Data Mining:BPB Publications. • Distributed Data Structure:McGraw Hill Publications. • egion_Fin_Year_TPDS_Offtake • References