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  1. 1. Future Cities: Ensuring world class civic amenities in urban India where modern India lives… Submitted by: Ankit Sharma | Aayush Talwar | Saurabh Garg Soumya Ramanathan | Shreyas Ravindran
  2. 2. Indian City Global Standards!! Ref: European Green City Index, A research project conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit
  3. 3. Energy Needs Infrastructure provision industrial domestic commercial • Past electricity consumption trends & multi-variable dependencies will continue in future • Variables: income, price, employment, productivity etc. • Applicable for long-term Econometric • Estimates electricity needs based on what it is used for • Can provide integrated forecasts of energy & peak power demand • Excellent framework for estimating the impacts of energy-efficiency options & demand side management End-use Forecasting Energy Needs of a city Issues & Solutions Insufficient fuel supply CAUSES: flattening domestic production| inadequate import infra| price disparity SOLUTIONS: fast land acquisition & environmental clearance | adequate infra for coal & natural gas import | non conventional energy sources Pricing CAUSES: no signal to suppliers/ consumers for behavioural changes | cost-plus principle does not incentivize generators to invest in energy efficiency SOLUTIONS: pricing mechanism should be rationalized to modify the consumption/ investment trends | Private investment should be catalyzed Infrastructure CAUSES: constrained fuel supply infra | inadequacies in power plant equipment manufacturing capacity SOLUTIONS: Reducing generation costs by adopting better on time delivery & cheaper financing bundled with equipment ForecastTechniques
  4. 4. Due to its greater efficiency, the world’s most Innovative gas turbine saves fuel and around 40,000tons of CO2 per year Benchmarking>> Shining Cities Supply potential India’s total renewable potential for power generation (excluding solar) is estimated at 90 GW up to 2032 Wind has the largest potential at 49 GW & Karnataka, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, in particular, are rich in wind resources India has excellent solar resources with an average 300 sunny days per year and yearly irradiation of 200 W/m2 Power generation The installed capacity of renewable power generation was 23 GW in January 2012, which is equivalent to nearly 12% of total power capacity. Wind comprises the largest capacity with 16 GW or 70% of total renewable capacity, followed by small hydro at 14% and bagasse cogeneration at 9%. Solar PV with 481 MW capacity represented only 2% of total renewable installation. Private ownership dominates this domain. Implementation Each city to have a “Solar City Advisory Committee” to assist in developing & rating infrastructure compatible with non-conventional energy sources. Making solar lighting & solar water heating mandatory in certain category of buildings & other infrastructural facilities. Rebate in property tax & in electricity tariff to the users of solar water heaters especially in domestic sector. Compliance with Municipal Solid Waste Rules & ensuring adequate tapping of agricultural & industrial waste for power generation. Trainings for various stakeholders like architects, civil engineers, RWAs, NGOs, Technical Institutions etc to involve them in the building of Solar Cities Harnessing nuclear energy in the long run so as to reduce dependence on conventional sources
  5. 5. 3 SIEMENS NEWater plants return 92,000m3 of H2O per day into Singapore’s water system Benchmarking>> Water Needs Agricultural (87%) Industrial (8%) Domestic (5%) With 16% of the global population & 4% water resources, scarcity has become a major concern owing to: -Pressures exerted on water sources -Climatic changes -Pollution 70 per cent of India’s irrigation needs and 80 per cent of its domestic water supplies come from groundwater Consumption trends Actionable Measures Rainwater harvesting by households/ institutions Water reclamation through: Recycling of grey water from laundry fixtures, kitchens etc. Minimum treatment & grey water can be used for flush & gardening Recycling of black water & desalination Community engagement through: Motivating schools/ corporate to adopt water bodies International water week for spreading awareness
  6. 6. Current Scenario Urban population 377 million -> Growing at 32% from 2011-2013 • Rural to Urban Immigration • Employment shift from Agriculture to Manufacturing & Service Sectors Urban housing shortage 18.78 million households-2012 • Economically Weaker Sections(EWS) and Lower Income Groups(LIG) - 95 percent of urban housing shortage • 17% Urban India lives in Slums Concentrated Housing Geographically • Leads to stress on basic Resources (Water, Electricity etc.) Problems for Real Estate Developers • Approvals through 150 tables in about 40 departments of central and state governments and municipal corporations -> Delay in the project -> Cost Overrun of 25-30% Difficult Home Loan approvals in INR 3-10 lacks category • The loan market of INR 3-10 lakhs is estimated at INR 1,100, 000 crore. But less than 20 percent of the INR 55, 200 crore worth of housing loans disbursed in FY2011 were in this bracket FinancialFunding • Private players Huge funding source • Improved Quality through benchmarking & regular Checks • Comparatively Quicker delivery Model PPP model for Housing projects • Increases the stamp duty & Property Registration cost -> Increase in Govt Revenues Implement Realistic Circle Rates • For HIG-> Charge Premium • Use the above Incremental revenues for affordable housing in EWS & LIG category Government allotment schemes (launched by DDA, HUDA etc) Distribution of Housing projects across suburbs • Existing excellent Transport connectivity • Reduces stress on natural resources Real Estate Developers • One point govt. contact for coordinating various approvals -> Decreases time -> Reduction in cost • Incentivized land to for LIG& MIG flats Encourage Property Ownership •Provide affordable housing options for MIG •Low ROI for Housing loans in INR 3-10 lacks category Affordabe & Inclusive Housing • Provide House on rent at very low price to EWS & LIG Government Housing Allocation Schemes • Transparent, with predefined criteria • Stringent laws – avoiding scams like Dwarka CGHS by DDA
  7. 7. The new Oslo Metro cars use than their predecessors and are made out of 95% recyclable material 30% energy less Road &Transport Complete mobility: an integrated traffic system that moves people & goods economically, quickly & safely Problems 42.65% Indian Roads are un-surfaced Increase in disposable income => more number of private vehicles Lack of quality public transport => various inefficiencies Road Accidents: 18 people die every hour • Intra city Trains to give good connectivity • Metro trains • Good Quality AC buses Improve Public Transport • Dedicated paths for bicycles along the pedestrian walking paths Encourage Bicycles • Incentive to the people using office transport • Reduce private vehicles through carpooling Collaborate with Corporate houses Tax private vehicles during peak hours Increased Road tax on private vehicles PPP model for efficient implementation • Reduces the road accidents • Increased faith in public transport buses Efficient Driving License Issuing Solutions Sources Govt. Revenues for Project Funding Small measures.. Big differences: fit all signals with LED technology- saving up to 90% in energy costs
  8. 8. PublicAdministrationcomplex problems| adaptable solutions cutting edge technological advances can bring cities up to through increased cost effectiveness 25%savings eAdministration: • online & prompt grievance redressal • live forums for query resolution Virtual City Halls: • allows citizens and businesses to interact & access a full range of services anytime, anywhereCity Cockpits: • manage and improve city performance through information & decision support system • for citizens: 30% reduction in response time Benchmarking>>
  9. 9. Educationschool for all| fostering innovation through practice The Universal Schools: • tech- enabled education for all • evening schools for illiterate adults • mapping of ecology & heritage Schools of innovation: • practise rather than preach • meta university that offers multi-disciplinary learning Chamanpura: a powerless village in Bihar Chaitanya Gurukul Public School: teaching through || attendance through biometrics || 300 per month
  10. 10. Healthcareefficient and affordable| away from no one Counteracting rising costs through Green+ hospitals: • unifying economic and ecological demands • efficient building and powering techniques • integrated IT & communication infrastructure • high quality care at affordable prices American Heart Institute, Cyprus derives 80% of its energy needs from renewable sources. A hospital that keeps cost in check through its greeninitiatives!! Benchmarking >>
  11. 11. Shoppingvirtually real| innovation for convenience QuickR Shopping: • shop on the move • the store comes to the people Virtual QR code stores @ metro stations and other high traffic areas
  12. 12. References: Understanding Energy Challenges in India- IEA European Green City Index, A research project conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit Sustainable Development for Urban infrastructures Census of India, 2011 Report of the Technical Urban Group (TG-12) on Urban Housing Shortage 2012-17 Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, September 2012 Affordable Housing in India, Jones Lang LaSalle, June 2012 Achieving Sustainable Growth in Reality, KPMG–CREDAI, December, 2011