Topgun

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Topgun

  1. 1. Stepping Stones: Enhancing the quality of primary education An IT enabled content delivery and monitoring system 1. Pushkar Prasun 2. Pushkar Gupta 3. P Vivekh 4. Sameer Kulkarni 5. Mayank Jain ` Team MembersTeam Members BITSBITS--PILANIPILANI Hyderabad CampusHyderabad Campus
  2. 2. Access • Poor Infrastructure • Remoteness • Multi-grade Teaching Attainment • Boring Pedagogy • Exploring not encouraged • Marks-oriented Learning • Parents Pressure Attendance • Teacher Truancy • Family Enterprise • Safety Issue Problems related to Primary Education Lack of basic facility. Lower enrollment as compared to other countries of the world. Overcrowded classroom causing uneasiness for teachers. Unattractive Classroom resulting in lack of interest of both teacher and student. High dropout rate due to unassertiveness of parents. Fear of Corporal punishment. Low spending on GDP. 3 A’s of Primary Education Causes of Failure in Primary EducationCauses of Failure in Primary Education Problems related to Primary Education Lack of basic facility. Lower enrollment as compared to other countries of the world. Overcrowded classroom causing uneasiness for teachers. Unattractive Classroom resulting in lack of interest of both teacher and student. High dropout rate due to unassertiveness of parents. Fear of Corporal punishment. Low spending on GDP. Country Peru Ecuader Papua New Guinea Banglad esh Zambia Indonesia INDIA Uganda %Absence 11 14 15 16 17 19 25 27 % Teacher Absence Rate across the globe  India is rated second highest in the world for % Absence of teachers.
  3. 3. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Teacher Absence (in %age) across various state Low Teacher’s Attendance: A major setback to Primary Education Low Teacher’s Attendance: A major setback to Primary Education Monitoring Variable Headmaster Presence Regular Inspection Teacher Disciplinary 0 5 Maharashtra Gujarat MadhyaPradesh Kerala HimachalPradesh TamilNadu Haryana Karnataka Odisha Rajasthan WestBengal AndhraPradesh UttarPradesh Chhatisgarh Uttarakhand Assam Punjab Bihar Jharkhand WeightedAverage Account for Teacher’s Absence  Very less risk of being fired - Public School : 1 in 3000. - Private School : 35 in 600.  Official Duty – 1% absence.  Other reasons account for 8-10% absence. Material Input Variable Infrastructure Learning Tools School characteristic Variable Student-Teacher Ratio Log Student Enrollment Teacher’s Absenteeism
  4. 4. CENTRALISED SCHOOL CONTENT DELIVERY SYSTEMCENTRALISED SCHOOL CONTENT DELIVERY SYSTEM School to Server  Biometric Based TEACHER ATTENDANCE Will be used to send her school data like Pay Roll/Mid-Day Meal Data This can also serve as a quick grievance redressal system. Can also be used to prevent misuse of school resources as periodic reports can be sent with digital signatures. Connecting rural primary schools for better content delivery and monitoring an IT enabled approach Server to School  Biometric Based TEACHER ATTENDANCE Will be used to send her school data like Pay Roll/Mid-Day Meal Data This can also serve as a quick grievance redressal system. Can also be used to prevent misuse of school resources as periodic reports can be sent with digital signatures. Latest teaching aids and methodologies can be easily sent. Easy co-ordination among all schools. All important information can be passed efficiently at low cost Educational Content/Guidelines can easily be shared. Dedicated Server located at State Capital running Management Information SystemBiometric System to be installed in Schools
  5. 5. IMPLEMENTATIONIMPLEMENTATION FINGERPRINT S COLLECTED • Fingerprints will be collected twice a day, once during the start of the school and once during end Fingerprints converted to Digital Signatures • The fingerprints will be converted to digital signatures by the 2G Device and compressed for further transmission • The Data will be transferred in a encrypted form to the central server, which will run a management information system to give precise school wise analysis School Reports/logs to be sent to central server • Data to be entered in text format using the inbuilt text signature and be bio-metrically signed. Transfer from Server to schools • The State education department to make course content/latest teaching methodology and send it over the network • Compression techniques to be used for better communication • A grievance redressal system to be put in place so as to ensure timely disposal of all problem and the concerned official can be held accountable Teacher Attendance Content ManagementContent Management Data Relayed over 2G • The Data will be transferred in a encrypted form to the central server, which will run a management information system to give precise school wise analysis Grieviance Redressal System • A grievance redressal system to be put in place so as to ensure timely disposal of all problem and the concerned official can be held accountable IT Back Bone Biometric Teacher Attendance Content Delivery Better Administrat ion Quick and efficient transfer of any course/content related information to schools Teachers/Student can be easily made aware of the latest opportunities available •Content Delivery Easy maintenance of all schools and at a glance data to be available to reviewing authority Easy grievance redressal and accountability •Centralized School Monitoring Biometric attendance to ensure that teachers are present during the school hours. Ease in maintenance of Leave/Service Records of teachers •Biometric Teacher Attendance
  6. 6. Setting up the systemSetting up the system The system will be under the Department of Education of each state. The District Education Officer will be the Supervising Authority The Block Development Officer(BDO) to look after the implementation with the help of Zila Parishads. Distribution of Devices and taking of initial fingerprints to be taken up at district level. A help center to be established at the district level to help in trouble shooting, also persons may be trained in block level. A deal to be signed with the Biometric System Manufacturer for an on-site warranty. Installing a biometric Device in all schools Biometric Devices to be connected to a 2G enabled Device loaded with compression software Teacher Finger Print to be enrolled in the presence of Gram Panchayat/Local Body Central Server set up to have a management software to help mange the schools Help Centre to be set up at district level A deal to be signed with the Biometric System Manufacturer for an on-site warranty. A management Information System will be installed at the central server to keep a record and analyse the data received from various schools. A sample School Management System Help Centre to be set up at district level Implementation at a Glance
  7. 7. Financial ImplicationFinancial Implication 5 Lakh Primary Schools in the country. Bulk Purchase Price estimated at Rs. 1000 Bulk Purchase Price estimated at Rs. 1000 Cost of 2G Device estimated at Rs. 1200 One Time Cost One Time Cost Recurring Cost Recurring Cost As the product will be covered by warranty ,no recurring cost As the product will be covered by warranty ,no recurring cost As the product will be covered by warranty ,no recurring cost Expenditure(in Rs. Million) Our Suggestion Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Mid-day MealCost of 2G Device estimated at Rs. 1200 Other Logistic Costs estimated at Rs 500 per school Other Logistic Costs estimated at Rs 500 per school As the product will be covered by warranty ,no recurring cost Data and electricity charges estimated at 1500/year Data and electricity charges estimated at 1500/year Total one time cost per school=Rs.2700 Total recurring cost per school=Rs 1500/Annum Total cost of Nation Roll Out approx 135 Crore Rupees. Secondary/Higher 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 Elementary Secondary Central Expenditure in Education 2007-08 2011-12 2012-13
  8. 8. Feasibility StudyFeasibility Study • X % of India covered by 2G Networks • Almost y villages covered under mobile network. • Uptime of Cellular network more than 95% • India has the cheapest data rates in the world making data transmission cost effective. 1. 2G Network Availability • A host of bio-metric devices are being manufactured in India including by PSU’s • These devices can easily be connected to a transmitting device through MICRO-USB. • They usually have low maintenance cost and high reliability HighlightsHighlights • A host of bio-metric devices are being manufactured in India including by PSU’s • These devices can easily be connected to a transmitting device through MICRO-USB. • They usually have low maintenance cost and high reliability 2.Biometric Device • A basic phablet which allows java and internet connectivity can be used and such devices are very easy to procure • Other advance devices like Aakash tablet may also be used which can provide for other content sharing also. • The devices to have manufacturers warranty 3.Transmission Device Very low cost of roll-out and almost no maintenance cost. Very small amount of Electricity Required and can easily work in areas with poor electricity supply Existing Infrastructure sufficient to roll-out the scheme No special training required and easy to use interface HighlightsHighlights
  9. 9. • Each teacher to have an unique id which will be linked to Aadhar Number. • Upon marking of attendance the employee ID will get registered to the central server. • It will be converted to a 12 digit Digital Signature. • The Digital signature will be unique for each employee and will be linked to his/her Service Record. • The data will be transferred from the device to central server for further processing twice a day along with timestamp. • The software running at the Central Server will keep logs and issue alerts to concerned officers and issue alerts in case of Defaults. • Regular Defaulters can be Penalized through warnings and Pay With holdment. • Regular Surprise checks should be undertaken by officials in co-ordination with DEO for proper implementation of the scheme. • Periodic District wise reports to be prepared to highlight weakness and identify scope of further improvement IMPLEMENTATION cont.…..IMPLEMENTATION cont.….. • Each teacher to have an unique id which will be linked to Aadhar Number. • Upon marking of attendance the employee ID will get registered to the central server. • It will be converted to a 12 digit Digital Signature. • The Digital signature will be unique for each employee and will be linked to his/her Service Record. • The data will be transferred from the device to central server for further processing twice a day along with timestamp. • The software running at the Central Server will keep logs and issue alerts to concerned officers and issue alerts in case of Defaults. • Regular Defaulters can be Penalized through warnings and Pay With holdment. • Regular Surprise checks should be undertaken by officials in co-ordination with DEO for proper implementation of the scheme. • Periodic District wise reports to be prepared to highlight weakness and identify scope of further improvement State Education Department (Nodal Agency) District Education Officer(Supervising Authority) Gram Panchayat And BDO (Implementing Authority) Supervisory Structure
  10. 10. Challenges and Solutions Proxy attendance by teachers by visiting the school only during the specified attendance time Surprise visits by District Education Department in which student feedback about the teacher’s attendance will be taken anonymously Failure of the data delivery to central database caused by internet problems All Gram panchayats will be getting broadband speed of up to 100 mbps by National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN) within 2 years which will solve the connectivity problem. Each device will have an internal memory capable of storing the attendance data for two days and delivering the data to the central database once the connection resumes Concerns with accuracy of biometric system Scope of improvement Interactive Learning The alphabet can be used to make the classroom study interactive using different media like illustrative e- books Mid- day meal supervision The device can be extended to include mid day meal monitoring system by taking fingerprints to make sure that it is properly supervised All Gram panchayats will be getting broadband speed of up to 100 mbps by National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN) within 2 years which will solve the connectivity problem. Security of the device One person per school should be made accountable for the security of the device Concerns with accuracy of biometric system Most common problems are false rejection and faulty registration problems This problem rarely occurs (below 0.1% of the cases) and can be resolved easily by making sure that partial fingerprints aren’t taken Mid- day meal supervision The device can be extended to include mid day meal monitoring system by taking fingerprints to make sure that it is properly supervised Virtual Classroom and Training Betterment in the internet speed and connectivity will allow to conduct some classes virtually by experts as well as help in conducting training programs for teachers which will be very cost efficient Better Connectivity with the Outside World Get to know about the happenings around the globe
  11. 11. 1. http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/genrep/ 2. http://www.hks.harvard.edu/centers/cid/programs/evidence-for-policy- design/research-policy/policy-research-engagements/teacher-attendance 3. Harvard Kennedy School - Evidence for Policy Design :: Research & Policy :: Policy Research... 4. www.hks.harvard.edu 5. http://www.povertyactionlab.org/policy-lessons/education/teacher- attendance-incentives 6. www.indg.in/primary-education 7. birbhum.gov.in/DPSC/reference/19.pdf 8. http://forbesindia.com/article/briefing/primary-education-in-india-needs-a- fix/35287/1Forbes India Magazine - Primary Education in India Needs a Fix 9. www.forbesindia.com REFERENCESREFERENCES 1. http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/genrep/ 2. http://www.hks.harvard.edu/centers/cid/programs/evidence-for-policy- design/research-policy/policy-research-engagements/teacher-attendance 3. Harvard Kennedy School - Evidence for Policy Design :: Research & Policy :: Policy Research... 4. www.hks.harvard.edu 5. http://www.povertyactionlab.org/policy-lessons/education/teacher- attendance-incentives 6. www.indg.in/primary-education 7. birbhum.gov.in/DPSC/reference/19.pdf 8. http://forbesindia.com/article/briefing/primary-education-in-india-needs-a- fix/35287/1Forbes India Magazine - Primary Education in India Needs a Fix 9. www.forbesindia.com

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