Towards	
  Cleaner	
  India	
  
Providing clean drinking water and
proper sanitation facility to all
Team Members
1.Ajithk...
OVER	
  806	
  MILLION	
  PEOPLE	
  
DON'T	
  HAVE	
  ACCESS	
  TO	
  
ADEQUATE	
  SANITATION	
  IN	
  
INDIA,	
  THAT	
  ...
NEED	
  FOR	
  SANITATION	
  
HEALTH	
  	
  
• THE	
  COST	
  OF	
  TREATING	
  DISEASES	
  RELATED	
  TO	
  	
  POOR	
  
...
RURAL	
  INDIA	
  
• RURAL	
  INDIAN	
  POPULATION	
  ACCOUNTS	
  FOR	
  NEARLY	
  
70%	
  OF	
  THE	
  TOTAL	
  POPULATIO...
• SHORT	
  FILM	
  CONTESTS	
  CAN	
  BE	
  CONDUCTED	
  ON	
  SANITATION	
  
• SPREADING	
  THE	
  IMPORTANCE	
  OF	
  SA...
COMMON	
  
CLOSED	
  
DRAINAGE	
  
SYSTEM	
  
TOILETS	
  
COLLECTION	
  OF	
  
SOLID	
  &	
  LIQUID	
  	
  
WASTE	
  
PROD...
MODEL AREA OF
IMPLEMENTATION
REASON IMPACT
FREE TOILETS RURAL INDIA LACK OF SANITATION SOCIAL STATUS CAN
BE IMPROVED
COMMO...
HOUSEHOLD	
  
LIQUID	
  WASTE 	
  	
  
COMMON	
  
DRAINAGE	
  
SYSTEM	
  	
  
FILTRATION	
  DIALATION	
  
OXONATION	
  
RE...
CENTRAL	
  MINISTRY	
  
FOR	
  SANITATION	
  
AND	
  MAINTANANCE	
  
ORGANISING	
  TEAM	
  
PLANNING	
  TEAM	
  
DETAILED	...
THE	
  FREE	
  TOILET	
  MODEL	
  FACES	
  IMPLEMENTATION	
  RISKS	
  	
  
“The challenge has just begun,”
Government	
  d...
1.“Sanitagon,	
  hygiene	
  services	
  almost	
  nil	
  in	
  India	
  ”	
  ,	
  THE	
  HINDU	
  ,	
  	
  	
  	
  
Dated	...
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TOIL8

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TOIL8

  1. 1. Towards  Cleaner  India   Providing clean drinking water and proper sanitation facility to all Team Members 1.Ajithkumar D 2.Gokul Sidarth T 3.Motheeswar G 4.Nivas Bharathi R V 5.Shafeeque Suhail
  2. 2. OVER  806  MILLION  PEOPLE   DON'T  HAVE  ACCESS  TO   ADEQUATE  SANITATION  IN   INDIA,  THAT  IS  ALMOST  TWO   THIRDS  OF  THE  POPULATION     THE  2011  CENSUS  SHOWED   THAT  IN  RURAL  AREAS  JUST  3   IN  10  HAVE  ACCESS  TO  A   BATHROOM     OVER  186,000  CHILDREN  DIE   EVERY  YEAR  FROM   DIARRHOEA  CAUSED  BY   UNSAFE  WATER  AND  POOR   SANITATION  IN  INDIA     58%  OF  OPEN  DEFECATION  IS   IN  INDIA   66  PERCENT  OF  THE  WOMEN  IN  DELHI  SLUMS   ARE  VERBALLY  ABUSED,  46  PERCENT  ARE   STALKED  AND  MORE  THAN  30  PERCENT  ARE   PHYSICALLY  ASSAULTED  WHILE  ACCESSING   TOILETS     80  PERCENT  OF  INDIA’S  SURFACE  WATER   POLLUTION  IS  ON  ACCOUNT  OF  SEWAGE  ALONE.     AS  MANY  AS  4,861  OF  5,161  CITIES  ACROSS  THE   COUNTRY  DO  NOT  HAVE  EVEN  A  PARTIAL   SEWERAGE  NETWORK.  
  3. 3. NEED  FOR  SANITATION   HEALTH     • THE  COST  OF  TREATING  DISEASES  RELATED  TO    POOR   SANITATION  SUCH  AS  DIARRHOEA,  MALARIA  AND   INTESTINAL  WORMS,  AND  EARLY    DEATHS  AND  OTHER   HEALTH-­‐RELATED  IMPACTS,  COSTS  INDIA  $38.5  BILLION   ANNUALLY   • THERE    ARE  57.5  CRORE(DURING  2010)  CASES  OF   DIARRHOEA  OF  WHICH  4.5  LAKH  RESULT  IN  DEATH  DUE   TO  LACK  OF  SANITATION   TOURISM   • THE  INDIAN  ECONOMY  LOSES  $260    MILLION   (OVER  RS  1,000  CRORE)  IN  TOURISM   REVENUES  DUE  TO  POOR  SANITATION  IN  2010   WOMEN   • IN  INDIA  MAJORITY  OF  THE  GIRLS  DROP  OUT  OF   SCHOOL  BECAUSE  OF  LACK  OF  TOILETS.   •   ONLY  22%  OF  THEM  MANAGE  TO  EVEN  COMPLETE   CLASS  10   ECONOMY   • ON  ECONOMIC  GROUNDS,  ACCORDING  TO  THE   INDIAN  MINISTRY  OF  HEALTH  AND  FAMILY   WELFARE,  MORE  THAN  12  BILLION  RUPEES  IS   SPENT  EVERY  YEAR  ON  POOR  SANITATION  AND  ITS   RESULTANT  ILLNESSES  
  4. 4. RURAL  INDIA   • RURAL  INDIAN  POPULATION  ACCOUNTS  FOR  NEARLY   70%  OF  THE  TOTAL  POPULATION   • BASIC  SANITARY  FACILITIES  ARE  VERY  MEAGRE   • MOSTLY  PEOPLE  ARE  ILLITERATE   PROBLEMS   • OPEN  DEFACATION   • OPEN  DRAINAGE  OR  NO  DRAINAGE  AT  ALL   • QUALITY  OF  DRINKING  WATER  IS  DECREASED   • LACK  OF  AWARENESS   • IMPROPER  DISPOSAL  OF  SOLID  WASTE  AND  LIQUID  WASTE   FACTS   • A  BUDGET  OF  RS  15,260  CRORE  IS   ALLOCATED  TO  THE  MINISTRY  OF  DRINKING   WATER  AND  SANITATION  IN  THE  2013-­‐2014   • THE  INDIAN  GOVERNMENT  HAS  SPENT   CLOSE  TO  RS  1,250  BILLION  ON  WATER  AND   SANITATION  PROJECTS  IN  THE  LAST  20  YEARS   DESPITE  THIS,   •   MORE  THAN  HALF  OF  1.2  BILLION   PLUS  PEOPLE  IN  INDIA  LIVE  WITHOUT   TOILETS  
  5. 5. • SHORT  FILM  CONTESTS  CAN  BE  CONDUCTED  ON  SANITATION   • SPREADING  THE  IMPORTANCE  OF  SANITATION  THROUGH  CALENDARS   AWARENESS   PROGRAM   • CONSTRUCTION  OF  INDIVIDUAL  HOUSEHOLD  LATRINES  FOR  FREE  OF  COST  IN  RURAL   AREAS   •   POLITICAL  PARTIES  CAN  INCLUDE  IT  IN  THEIR  ELECTION  AGENDA     • INSTEAD  OF  GIVING  FREE  TELEVISIONS  &  FREE  LAPTOPS  ,FREE  TOILETS  COULD  BE   PROVIDED   TOILETS  AS  FREEBIES       • PROVIDIING  FREE  MOBILE  TOILETS  IN  SLUMS  WHERE  PEOPLE  DEFACATE  THUS  IT  WILL   HELP  IN  AVOIDING  OPEN  DEFACATION   MOBILE  TOILETS  IN   DENSELY  POPULATED   PLACES   • ALL  THE  INDIVIDUAL  HOUSEHOLD  LATRINES  ARE  INTERCONNECTED  BY  A  MEANS  OF  A   COMMON  DRAINAGE  SYSTEM   • COLLECTING  THE  SOLID  WASTE  AND  THE  LIQUID  WASTE    IN  A  SEPARATE  SYSTEM     COMMON  DRAINAGE   SYSTEM  
  6. 6. COMMON   CLOSED   DRAINAGE   SYSTEM   TOILETS   COLLECTION  OF   SOLID  &  LIQUID     WASTE   PRODUCTION   OF  BIOGAS  &   ELECTRICITY   FUELLING   DOMESTIC   KITCHEN   ü  INDIVIDUAL  TOILETS  TO   ALL  HOUSEHOLDS   ü  INTERCONNECTING  THE   DRAINAGE  SYSTEM   ü  COLLECTION  OF  SOLID   AND  LIQUID  WASTE   ü  PRODUCTION  OF  BIOGAS   THEREFORE  PRODUCING   ELECTRICITY,  MANURE  ,   FUELLING  DOMESTIC   KITCHEN   ü  THIS  IS  DONE  BY   INCULCATING   NISARGRUNA   TECHNOLOGY  IN  RURAL   HAMLETS   ü  THEREBY  PROVIDING  THE   RURAL  PEOPLE  WITH   BIOGAS  ,  ELECTRICITY  &   MANURE  FOR  FREE  OF   COST  
  7. 7. MODEL AREA OF IMPLEMENTATION REASON IMPACT FREE TOILETS RURAL INDIA LACK OF SANITATION SOCIAL STATUS CAN BE IMPROVED COMMON CLOSED DRAINAGE SYSTEM RURAL INDIA OPEN DRAINAGE CAUSES SEVERAL DISEASES IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF LIFE NISARGRUNA RURAL & URBAN INDIA GENERATION OF BIOGAS,MANURE & ELECTRICITY ALL THESE COULD BE GIVEN TO THE PEOPLE FOR FREE OF COST WHICH WOULD IMPROVE THEIR SOCIAL STATUS MOBILE TOILETS SLUMS AREA CONSTRAINS OPEN DEFACATION IS REDUCED AWARENESS PROGRAMS TO ALL LACK OF AWARENESS HEALTHY LIFE
  8. 8. HOUSEHOLD   LIQUID  WASTE     COMMON   DRAINAGE   SYSTEM     FILTRATION  DIALATION   OXONATION   RECYCLED  WATER   WASTE   WATER   FROM  EVERY   INDIVIDUAL   HOUSE   FILTERATION   OZONATION   CHAMBER   FRESH   WATER   REUSED  IN   AGRI  AND   HOUSE   HOLD   ACTIVITIES  
  9. 9. CENTRAL  MINISTRY   FOR  SANITATION   AND  MAINTANANCE   ORGANISING  TEAM   PLANNING  TEAM   DETAILED   ESTIMATION  OF  FREE   TOILETS   ESTIMATION  OF   COMMON  DRAINAGE   SYSTEM   NETWORKING  OF   MOBILE  TOILETS   EXECUTION  TEAM   CONSTRUCTION  OF     TOILETS     CONNECTING  THE   TOILETS  TO  THE   COMMON     DRAINAGE     MAINTANANCE   TEAM   REGULAR     MAINTANANCE  OF   MOBILE  TOILETS   AWARENESS  TEAM   TIE  UP  WITH  NGO’S    AWARENESS   PROGRAMS  IN   SCHOOLS   SHORT  FLIM   CONTESTS  FOR   COLLEGE  STUDENTS  
  10. 10. THE  FREE  TOILET  MODEL  FACES  IMPLEMENTATION  RISKS     “The challenge has just begun,” Government  do  not  see  the  viability  of  funding  this  model   Gecng  consent  from  rural  people  is  difficult   Availability  of  materials  for  construcgon     Locally  available  material  can  be   used   Providing  free  Biogas  ,  Electricity,   Manure   External  Funding  from  Corporates   and  NGO’s   A  CLEANER  INDIA  
  11. 11. 1.“Sanitagon,  hygiene  services  almost  nil  in  India  ”  ,  THE  HINDU  ,         Dated  :  July  28,  2012     2.  SuSanA  (2008):  Towards  more  sustainable  sanitagon  solugons   Sustainable  Sanitagon  Alliance   3.  Mahatma  Gandhi  NREGA  Division,  Department  of  Rural  Development,   Ministry  of  Rural  Development,Government  of  India  July  2011   4.NISARGARUNA  :  Health  And  Wealth  Out  Of  Waste     5.  Ministry  of  New  and  Renewable  Energy  –  Biogas   6.The  Economic  impacts  of  inadequate  sanitagon  in  India   7.WSP  (2004):  The  Case  for  Markegng  Sanitagon.  Field  Note,  August   2004.   8.Guidelines  for  taking  up  works  relagng  to  access  to  Sanitagon  faciliges   9.  India  Sanitagon  Portal,  Sanitagon:  A  Stagsgcal  Overview   10.An  overview  of  status  of  drinking  water  and  sanitagon  in  schools  in   India            

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