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  1. 1. Future Cities: Ensuring world class civic amenities in urban India Done by , Gowri Vijayakandeepan, Kanmani Ramanathan Kiruthigha Velusamy, Ashwin Mohan & Mathan kumar, Saranathan College Of Engineering.
  2. 2. India needs to focus on the common man. On the prosperity of the general public and on the living conditions that its residents have to face. Use a great deal more energy in order to contribute more to global pollution and warming. A good way of doing this would be to industrialize the agriculture of India which would also have the added benefit of throwing 75 % of the population out of work so they could become criminals and drug addicts. India has a young and rapidly growing population with a potential demographic dividend. But India needs thriving cities if that dividend is to pay out. India’s economy is Big and getting Bigger. It is estimated that India will become the world’s third largest economy by 2050.. To meet those needs it is more essential to improve our civic amenities Cities can also deliver a higher quality of life. Urban scale benefits mean the cost of delivering basic services is 30 to 40 percent cheaper in concentrated population centers than in sparsely populated areas. But to reap such benefits, India needs to meet an unprecedented policy challenge. If it fails to do so, this could seriously jeopardize its growth and risk high unemployment. The Problem !!! Hence to create a world class infrastructure, we need .... Long term goals  Very Consistent Commitments A vision that transcends function
  3. 3. What MAKES A CITY? The answer, of course, is all three……..
  4. 4. Planning and management services • Planning and management means building and carrying out ways for a city to realize its full potential for while maintaining efficient day-to-day operations. City leaders must think holistically about operations insight, law enforcement and emergency management, government and agency administration, and urban planning including smarter buildings. Public safety • For everything from traffic tie-ups to security breeches, public safety agencies can gather data from disparate sources; deliver it in real time to key stakeholders, emergency management decision makers and first responders. Analytics are used to derive new insights and uncover trends before they become systemic issues or criminal events
  5. 5. Predict the demand and optimize capacity and assets . To mange out the heavy traffic, many overflows and metro’s could be implemented in India. And improvement of the public transport will greatly reduce the population on roads. The next problem we face on transportation is the sudden floods. Many infiltration trenches must be laid throughout. Which will greatly enhance the ground water and serve as good drain to the sudden rains . The Automatic train protection system can be used in all means of transport. Which would greatly reduce the accidents n provide safety to all passengers. The transport sector is an important component of the economy impacting on development and the welfare of populations. When transport systems are efficient, they provide economic and social opportunities and benefits that result in positive multipliers effects such as better accessibility to markets, employment and additional investments.
  6. 6. Conventional transportation technologies usually involve the use of fossil fuels for vehicle propulsion. Rising fuel prices are causing mainstream awareness and interest in alternative transportation technology. • “Current processes rely on using separate technology to capture and utilize the CO2, which makes the process very inefficient. By combining the processes the efficiency can be improved and the energy required to drive the CO2 reduction is minimized. It will be a massive challenge but we have a strong inter-disciplinary team that works on this cause. • . •The most abundant resource of India is solar power . There is’nt any efficient use of this resource. Public transports can be made of Solar power which will greatly reduce the fuel consumption of fuels. The traffic on the roads can be reduced and the transportation can be made easier , By inter connecting all the highways in the boarder n a circular and the same with all other highways in circular patterns .......
  7. 7. • Another option for supply expansion is storage reservoirs to collect excess surface water during the rainy season. Surface and Rain Water Capture and Storage • Salt water is desalinated to produce fresh water suitable for human consumption and irrigation. One potential byproduct of desalination issalt. Desalination • Taking domestic wastewater, giving it a high degree of treatment, and using the resulting high-quality reclaimed water for a new, beneficial purpose. Reclaimed Water • Conservation rate structures provide consumers with a price incentive to conserve water or to use it more efficiently Economic Incentives WATER MANAGEMENT To balance economic growth and development with protection of its natural resources, managing water becomes a high priority for policy makers and utility managers These strategies can be grouped into two broad categories: (1) increases in the stock of water resources available for public supply (2) water demand management.
  8. 8. Green supply tariffs • A green supply tariff means that some or all of the electricity you buy is 'matched' by purchases of renewable energy that your energy supplier makes on your behalf. These could come from a variety of renewable energy sources such as wind farms and hydroelectric power stations. • Your supplier should let you know what sources are included in the mixture, and also what proportion of your supply is renewable. • Many green tariffs state that your supply is renewable but they simply assign some of the renewable energy they are already required to supply to you, while reducing the amount of renewable energy they provide to other customers. This does not increase the amount of renewable in the overall energy mix. • Some companies will guarantee that a proportion of the renewable energy they are purchasing (and you are buying) is 'additional' - it is above and beyond what suppliers are already required to produce. This creates an additional incentive to develop new generation capacity and so could lead to increased renewable generation and reduced carbon dioxide emissions. There are no companies offering green tariffs that are 100% additional renewable supply.
  9. 9. The Caltech design uses a photovoltaic panel to generate energy, stored in batteries, to power an electrostatic unit that purifies liquids drawn from a small septic taThe Caltech design uses a photovoltaic panel to generate energy, stored in batteries, to power an electrostatic unit that purifies liquids drawn from a small septic taThe Caltech design uses a photovoltaic panel to generate energy, stored in batteries, to power an electrostatic unit that purifies liquids drawn from a small septic ta This design uses a photovoltaic panel to generate energy, stored in batteries, to power an electrostatic unit that purifies liquids drawn from a small septic tank. The unit produces hydrogen as it cleans the water, potentially a supplementary source of toilet power on cloudy days or at night. The unit also purifies the solid waste which can then be used as bio fuel or fertilizer. The solar powered electricity can also be used to supply water .
  10. 10. NR2C -New Road Construction Concepts -Towards reliable, green, safe&smart and human infrastructure in Europe. Water-sensitive_urban_design Water management system of Florida World Class Infrastructure & Civic Amenities- Dr Tim Gamon ,Executive Director, Consulting