Topic: Stepping Stones
ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY
EDUCATION IN INDIA
Team Name: The Insoluble Fraction
Presentation Name: Cannon Ball
1. Ankit Sharma (Coordinator)
2. Vipul Parashar
3. Paritesh Royal
4. Mihika Sharma
5. Jyoti Bharti
Education empowers human beings .
In its essence, it opens door to both personal and social development
NATION BUILDING: THE OBSTACLES
The Lack of quality education is the reason behind the
improper primary education in India. In states like Bihar,
Mizoram, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, 60 per cent or more
girls dropped out before completing their five years primary
Teachers- currently the national average is about 1 teacher
to every 34 students, but in states such as Jharkhand,
Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal 1 teacher works with
more than 60 students.
Overpopulation- The increase in population has resulted in
increase in child labour which forces children to drop out
Illiterate society- Illiterate parents do not recognise the
importance of primary education of children. They do not
enrol their children in schools and rather ask them to earn
money for family.
Share of Girls in Enrolment- the intake rate of girls in
school is far below than boys because they are made to
learn household chores.
Quality of education - the curriculum made by govt. Of
India is inappropriate . It emphasises on theory study than
Ratio Of Students in Different levels
THE ROLE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
ARTICLE: 21(A) , THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA SAYS:-
THE STATE SHALL PROVIDE FREE AND COMPULSARY EDUCATION TO
ALL CHILDREN OF THE AGE OF SIX TO FOURTEEN YEARS IN SUCH
MANNER AS PRESCRIBED BY LAW.
• THE INITIATIVE
OF NEW IDEAS
• BEST POSSIBLE
THE INITIATIVE TO BRING PRIMARY KNOWLEDGE TOWARDS THE
YOUTH CANNONS OF THE NATION FOR BETTER NATION BUILDING
“COST OF EDUCATION IS LESS THAN COST OF
A strong education system is the cornerstone of any country's
growth and prosperity. Over the last decade, India has made great
strides in strengthening its primary education system.
The focus is not just on education but also in development of
necessary skills to confront the challenges of life.
A. To create a common platform for the students
B. To focus on the areas which need immediate attention
followed by action
C. To inculcate a process to attain equality and social
D. To create awareness about the need of education
E. Encompassing Excellence in Education at all levels
F. Develop individual talents
G. Promote social responsibility and make proper use of
H. Develop awareness and appreciation of the role of
technology in national development
Practical and take
OUR EDUCATION STRATEGY
•Measure education outcomes, especially
for poor people and disadvantaged
•Offer innovative incentives, like cash for
attendance, to keep kids in school
•Ensure that education leads to learning
skills, and that it is relevant and of good
•Establish standards for teachers and
•Train teachers, especially those who
serve disadvantaged communities
EDUCATION FOR ALL: ASPIRE TO EXCEL
Education is not just transmission of knowledge and
information to learner but this transmission must
influence the young minds to realise their inner self.
The Indian education system is perhaps the largest
system in the world catering the need of more than
190 million students of different socio-economic
background in pre-primary to primary, upper primary,
secondary and higher secondary to college and
A few schools still do not have school buildings and
other teaching-learning facilities.
The Govt. Still does not recognise the need of
primary education in India.
It has excluded the children with physical or mental
disability from its circular. The schools are used for
election polls and the teachers even during school
hours becomes a Government’s agent in order to earn
Building Skills through complete education is the
responsibility of every teacher towards students
The Main point of focus must be to enhance the
quality of education than increase the enrolments.
FUTURE OF INDIA
Develop ideas The Child can develop Ideas and Tackle the problems
successfully if the Teachers make use of interactive classes.
Knowledge Creativity Talent Imagination to
• Prepare for Adulthood
• Without a basic education, finding a job as an adult is incredibly difficult. Children who value
education become adults who make great contributions to society.
• Gain Opportunities
• School provides access to the library, school counselor, assemblies, chorus, band and other
opportunities---resources children of poorer families would not normally have access to.
• Enhance National Growth
• In 2009, the American Association of University Women states globally approximately 77
million children are not schooled. Primary education would provide hope for these kids and
their nations through reduced poverty, increased productivity and lower infant mortality,
EFFECTIVE PRIMARY EDUCATION – WHAT
DOES IT TAKE?
Start with a single child. What does that child need for
The first requirement is a teacher. The teacher must:
• Know the goal, what it is the child is to learn,
• Know the subject matter to be taught,
• Have mastery of at least one effective technique for teaching the
• Be able to assess whether a student has mastered the material,
• Be motivated to assist the child’s learning.
In addition, the teacher must be supported with:
• Physical facilities adequate to the learning process,
• Instructional materials,
Giving them supporting environment
even in worst phases of life
Practical approach towards solving
The way to lead the life with regards
to positive thinking and energy
Playing the games to sharpen their
skills along with their involvement in
co curricular activities.
Education is movement
from Darkness to Light
• In India, at this point in time, exists in two different
worlds. One is private school which has made itself
brand in the market and the other is the government
schools which does not allow any facilties to its
• Low Learning trap: the curriculum and the textbooks
are not up to the level of the children . The students get
left behind and stay behind forever.
• Low Teacher Motivation: In 2008-2009, on average,
45% of these teachers had not studied beyond the 12th
grade. The remuneration offered to the teachers in rural
areas is not adequate.
• Flawed Teaching Methodology: Indian teaching
methods have not been modified since a long time.
Teachers have changed but their thoughts have not. For
example, many students in grades two and three in one
particular school struggle to read individual words, but
can neatly copy entire paragraphs from their textbooks
into their notebooks as though they were drawing
• Linguistic Diversity: When teachers themselves know
little English, especially spoken English, how will
students learn? Students with rural primary schooling
are at a significant disadvantage as they transition to
higher education, because India's best universities teach
exclusively in English.
• About 3.5 crore children have not
enrolled in school
• About 39% of primary and 54.6% of
upper primary students drop out of
• Quality of education is poor because
of high student-teacher ratio – national
average of 46.1 with some states as
high as 68 (Rajasthan)
• Gender Parity Index, at 0.77, is low
for upper primary education (grades 6-
8), while it is marginally better, at 0.83,
for primary education (grades 1-5)
• A large digital divide exists, and is
growing, between students in affluent
private schools and other students
The case study below is from a school JAIPUR VIKAS VIDYALAYA .
This data has been collected by the permission of school authorities. On a certain date the school conducted a test in coalition
with schools in village
Out of 500 students, 59.9 % students are boys and
Schedule Caste, 7.4 % are Schedule Tribe and 76.6 %
participated student ’s religion is Hindu, 29.2 % is Muslim and 1.2 % having
Students who have participated in learning achievement test, 40.8 % are from government
schools, 38.2 percent are from private unaided schools and 21 % are from joint venture.
The learning achievement test results reveal the fact that overall students’ learning achievement is
very poor irrespective of their religion. Table 1 shows the results of learning achievement test. Mean
achievement in mathematics is 15.02 and mean achievement in language is 15.79. The overall mean
achievement of the students in both the test is 30.55.
Mean achievement in Mathematics 15.02
Mean achievement in Language 15.79
Mean achievement in both subjects 30.55
• The Indian government at every level recognizes the need for educational reform and has made a
conscientious effort to achieve it.
• The midday-meal plan, for example, is a highly publicized nationwide program through which
government school children across India are provided with a midday meal every day of the school
week. The program is largely considered a success.A study in 2011 by Rajshri Jayaraman and Dora
Simroth found that grade one enrollment increased by 20.8% simply if a midday meal was offered.
• According to Behar, "The Indian government has worked very hard to provide rural schools with
adequate infrastructure, something that was critically lacking a few decades ago." For instance, DISE
reported in 2012 that more than 91% of primary schools have drinking-water facilities and 86% of
schools built in the last 10 years have a school building. However, there is still a long way to go:
Only 52% of primary schools have a girls' toilet, and just 32% are connected to the electricity grid.
• In 2012, the Central Government enacted the Right to Education (RTE) Act, under which every child
between the ages of six and 14 receives a free and compulsory education. In addition to regulating
access to education, the act contains certain provisions that could positively impact the quality of
education.According to Jhingran, one of its major achievements has been "the dramatic reduction of
non-teaching duties assigned to government school teachers, freeing up valuable time and lowering
• Primary Education in India – Challenges and Solutions.
• Education For All in India with Focus on Elementary Education
• Right to education, http://righttoeducation.in
• 'Needs Improvement': Despite Progress, India's Primary Education System Has a
Ways to Go
• SOS Children’s Village
• Education for all. http://www.educationforallinindia.com/page101.htm
• Challenges of primary education . http://www.livemint.com
• Indian education . http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article