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  1. 1. Topic: Stepping Stones ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN INDIA Team Name: The Insoluble Fraction Presentation Name: Cannon Ball Teams details: 1. Ankit Sharma (Coordinator) 2. Vipul Parashar 3. Paritesh Royal 4. Mihika Sharma 5. Jyoti Bharti Education empowers human beings . In its essence, it opens door to both personal and social development
  2. 2. NATION BUILDING: THE OBSTACLES The Lack of quality education is the reason behind the improper primary education in India. In states like Bihar, Mizoram, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, 60 per cent or more girls dropped out before completing their five years primary education. FAST FACTS Teachers- currently the national average is about 1 teacher to every 34 students, but in states such as Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal 1 teacher works with more than 60 students. Overpopulation- The increase in population has resulted in increase in child labour which forces children to drop out from school. Illiterate society- Illiterate parents do not recognise the importance of primary education of children. They do not enrol their children in schools and rather ask them to earn money for family. Share of Girls in Enrolment- the intake rate of girls in school is far below than boys because they are made to learn household chores. Quality of education - the curriculum made by govt. Of India is inappropriate . It emphasises on theory study than practical part. Ratio Of Students in Different levels
  4. 4. “COST OF EDUCATION IS LESS THAN COST OF IGNORANCE”. A strong education system is the cornerstone of any country's growth and prosperity. Over the last decade, India has made great strides in strengthening its primary education system. The focus is not just on education but also in development of necessary skills to confront the challenges of life. Objectives A. To create a common platform for the students B. To focus on the areas which need immediate attention followed by action C. To inculcate a process to attain equality and social harmony D. To create awareness about the need of education E. Encompassing Excellence in Education at all levels F. Develop individual talents G. Promote social responsibility and make proper use of leisure time H. Develop awareness and appreciation of the role of technology in national development Imparting Education Imparting Knowledge Imparting Practical and take Action Knowledge level
  5. 5. OUR EDUCATION STRATEGY •Measure education outcomes, especially for poor people and disadvantaged communities •Offer innovative incentives, like cash for attendance, to keep kids in school •Ensure that education leads to learning skills, and that it is relevant and of good quality •Establish standards for teachers and schools •Train teachers, especially those who serve disadvantaged communities
  6. 6. EDUCATION FOR ALL: ASPIRE TO EXCEL Education is not just transmission of knowledge and information to learner but this transmission must influence the young minds to realise their inner self. The Indian education system is perhaps the largest system in the world catering the need of more than 190 million students of different socio-economic background in pre-primary to primary, upper primary, secondary and higher secondary to college and university level. A few schools still do not have school buildings and other teaching-learning facilities. The Govt. Still does not recognise the need of primary education in India. It has excluded the children with physical or mental disability from its circular. The schools are used for election polls and the teachers even during school hours becomes a Government’s agent in order to earn extra money. Building Skills through complete education is the responsibility of every teacher towards students The Main point of focus must be to enhance the quality of education than increase the enrolments.
  7. 7. FUTURE OF INDIA Develop ideas The Child can develop Ideas and Tackle the problems successfully if the Teachers make use of interactive classes. Knowledge Creativity Talent Imagination to Tackle problems • Prepare for Adulthood • Without a basic education, finding a job as an adult is incredibly difficult. Children who value education become adults who make great contributions to society. • Gain Opportunities • School provides access to the library, school counselor, assemblies, chorus, band and other opportunities---resources children of poorer families would not normally have access to. • Enhance National Growth • In 2009, the American Association of University Women states globally approximately 77 million children are not schooled. Primary education would provide hope for these kids and their nations through reduced poverty, increased productivity and lower infant mortality,
  8. 8. EFFECTIVE PRIMARY EDUCATION – WHAT DOES IT TAKE? Start with a single child. What does that child need for effective learning? The first requirement is a teacher. The teacher must: • Know the goal, what it is the child is to learn, • Know the subject matter to be taught, • Have mastery of at least one effective technique for teaching the material, • Be able to assess whether a student has mastered the material, • Be motivated to assist the child’s learning. In addition, the teacher must be supported with: • Physical facilities adequate to the learning process, • Instructional materials, Giving them supporting environment even in worst phases of life Academic theory Practical approach towards solving problems. The way to lead the life with regards to positive thinking and energy Playing the games to sharpen their skills along with their involvement in co curricular activities. Education is movement from Darkness to Light
  9. 9. CHALLENGES • In India, at this point in time, exists in two different worlds. One is private school which has made itself brand in the market and the other is the government schools which does not allow any facilties to its students • Low Learning trap: the curriculum and the textbooks are not up to the level of the children . The students get left behind and stay behind forever. • Low Teacher Motivation: In 2008-2009, on average, 45% of these teachers had not studied beyond the 12th grade. The remuneration offered to the teachers in rural areas is not adequate. • Flawed Teaching Methodology: Indian teaching methods have not been modified since a long time. Teachers have changed but their thoughts have not. For example, many students in grades two and three in one particular school struggle to read individual words, but can neatly copy entire paragraphs from their textbooks into their notebooks as though they were drawing pictures. • Linguistic Diversity: When teachers themselves know little English, especially spoken English, how will students learn? Students with rural primary schooling are at a significant disadvantage as they transition to higher education, because India's best universities teach exclusively in English. • About 3.5 crore children have not enrolled in school • About 39% of primary and 54.6% of upper primary students drop out of school • Quality of education is poor because of high student-teacher ratio – national average of 46.1 with some states as high as 68 (Rajasthan) • Gender Parity Index, at 0.77, is low for upper primary education (grades 6- 8), while it is marginally better, at 0.83, for primary education (grades 1-5) • A large digital divide exists, and is growing, between students in affluent private schools and other students
  10. 10. CASE STUDY The case study below is from a school JAIPUR VIKAS VIDYALAYA . This data has been collected by the permission of school authorities. On a certain date the school conducted a test in coalition with schools in village Report-: Out of 500 students, 59.9 % students are boys and Schedule Caste, 7.4 % are Schedule Tribe and 76.6 % participated student ’s religion is Hindu, 29.2 % is Muslim and 1.2 % having Students who have participated in learning achievement test, 40.8 % are from government schools, 38.2 percent are from private unaided schools and 21 % are from joint venture. Data Analysis The learning achievement test results reveal the fact that overall students’ learning achievement is very poor irrespective of their religion. Table 1 shows the results of learning achievement test. Mean achievement in mathematics is 15.02 and mean achievement in language is 15.79. The overall mean achievement of the students in both the test is 30.55. Mean achievement in Mathematics 15.02 Mean achievement in Language 15.79 Mean achievement in both subjects 30.55
  11. 11. Governmental Efforts • The Indian government at every level recognizes the need for educational reform and has made a conscientious effort to achieve it. • The midday-meal plan, for example, is a highly publicized nationwide program through which government school children across India are provided with a midday meal every day of the school week. The program is largely considered a success.A study in 2011 by Rajshri Jayaraman and Dora Simroth found that grade one enrollment increased by 20.8% simply if a midday meal was offered. • According to Behar, "The Indian government has worked very hard to provide rural schools with adequate infrastructure, something that was critically lacking a few decades ago." For instance, DISE reported in 2012 that more than 91% of primary schools have drinking-water facilities and 86% of schools built in the last 10 years have a school building. However, there is still a long way to go: Only 52% of primary schools have a girls' toilet, and just 32% are connected to the electricity grid. • In 2012, the Central Government enacted the Right to Education (RTE) Act, under which every child between the ages of six and 14 receives a free and compulsory education. In addition to regulating access to education, the act contains certain provisions that could positively impact the quality of education.According to Jhingran, one of its major achievements has been "the dramatic reduction of non-teaching duties assigned to government school teachers, freeing up valuable time and lowering absenteeism."
  12. 12. References • Primary Education in India – Challenges and Solutions. • Education For All in India with Focus on Elementary Education • Right to education, • 'Needs Improvement': Despite Progress, India's Primary Education System Has a Ways to Go • SOS Children’s Village • Education for all. • Challenges of primary education . • Indian education .