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  1. 1. WALKTO EQUALITY: ENSURING SAFETYAND EMPOWERMENTOFWOMEN Team details Vikas Unnikkannan E.V (Team coordinator) Hardik Lad Ajinkya Kashinath Andhare Nishant Ramachandra Narkhede Swapnil Sunil Kakade
  2. 2. UN Secretary-General,Ban Ki-Moon 8 March 2007 • “Violence against women and girls continues unabated in every continent, country and culture. It takes a devastating toll on women’s lives, on their families, and on society as a whole. Most societies prohibit such violence — yet the reality is that too often, it is covered up or tacitly condoned”. UnitedNation’sdefinitionof ViolenceagainstWomen “Any act of gender-based violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life." The reality and definition of violence
  3. 3. The Problem.. India is home of unspeakable crimes against women Situation of violence against women in India  Gender discrimination, including physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence, son preference, unequal resource distribution and unequal decision- making power (in both private and public spaces)  Caste discrimination, especially (but not restricted to) women from specific castes  Communal violence against women  Neo-economic policies impacting women’s lives in diverse ways (specific kinds of jobs for women, market impacting men leading to increasing violence against women) Some Statistics  Census of India 2011: sex ratio of 940:1000  Child sex ratio (0-6 years) – from 945: 1000 in 2001 to 914:1000 in 2011  National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) of India (2006) child sex ratio (0-6 years) same for urban areas as Census data, but 921:1000 (versus 934:1000 in 2011) for rural areas  NFHS 3: 1 in 5 women (20%) face domestic violence from their husbands (global statistics between 20-50%)  The National Crimes Record Bureau (2007): total crime against women has increased by 12.5% from 2006  From 2006-2007, there was a 6.2% increase in rates of cases filed under dowry “deaths” (NCRB 2007)
  4. 4. A Start! Sex Offender Registry Just Frown Create a national database of those who are convicted of sexual offence. Their names, photographs, addresses, crimes and the court's perception of risk levels have to be registered. More importantly, the public should be able to access the registry. The next time you hear somebody make a sexist joke, frown. Frown hard at the person who says it and his friends who are laughing with him. Frown when somebody uses a cuss word that begins with "mother" or "sister".  Frown when somebody refers to women disparagingly in public or private.
  5. 5. Download that app Women traffic cops 1. Find yourself in a dangerous situation or being stalked down a dark alley? At the tap of a button on your smartphone, you can alert a chosen list of friends and relatives about your predicament. 2. Apps like Circleof6 and On Watch send an SMS SOS and relay your location to kith and kin. 3. Students can be encouraged to create such apps as their projects, an app that sends an alert to the local police authorities too. 1. All states should have a women-only traffic police department. 2. The men from this department should be transferred to handle regular law and order responsibilities. 3. With women cops on the roads, men will eventually come to terms with female authority and women should feel safer.
  6. 6. Zero tolerance to public drinking Tougher laws Public Transport Safety 1. In India, rape has been defined so narrowly that it excludes forced oral sex, or sodomy, or penetration by foreign objects. 2. The government will have to include such crimes under the definition of rape. And there should be harsher punishment for rapists. 1. For a working woman, the daily commute to office should be a routine affair, not an adventure. 2. A government plan to make photo IDs of bus and auto rickshaw drivers displayed prominently in the vehicle is a good first step towards making her feel safe. 3. What would really go a long way is creating more public transportation operated by women i.e women drivers and auxiliary bus staff. 1. It is a familiar sight outside "wine" shops which serve hard liquor across India. 2. Men consume cheap and industrial-strength alcohol and then start harassing women passing by. 3. Arrest or fine those who consume liquor in public places such as parks.
  7. 7. More cops, smarter cops 24x7 Cities More toilets please 1. In Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar, lack of toilets in homes exposes women to humiliation and sexual violence. 2. Public sanitation and government support for building toilets would go a long way in addressing this problem. 1. Imagine what would happen if shopping malls, cinema halls and restaurants stayed open through the night instead of shuttering down by midnight. 2. The streets would be lit and alive all night and would truly never be empty. Safer streets, right? 1. Hire more cops. Hire more women in the police force. Also, ensure they are ever vigilant, that they are tech- equipped to communicate better with each other even about a hint of lawlessness as well as to track and capture criminals.
  8. 8. What Men Should Do Educating children Let's admit it: most Indian men, are sexists. And rape, or any sexual assault, is a symptom of this malaise. This attitude has to be purged. And re- learning has to start individually. Change the patriarchal mindset. Start doing what you disparage as "womanly" chores. Small steps, but start “NOW”. Gender sensitivity should be a part of school curriculum. Children should be taught to question gender stereotyping wherever they find it, whether in families or in the advertising and marketing of products.
  9. 9. My 10 Steps Formula to Ensure Women Safety and Empowerment in India  Create Women Empowerment Centers in Every Locality.  Invite Local Women to Join WEC as Volunteer, Offer Self Defense & Quick Reaction Techniques & Psychological Consultation to Victims  All WEC in a Locality Must be Linked to Local Police Station & a Lady Police Inspector in Charge to Deal with Complains.  There Must be an Emergency Ward in Every Sadar/Taluka/Dist Hospitals for Rape & Sexual Assault Victims. Treatment Must be Free of Cost.  All WEC Should be Well Equipped & Trained to Communicate with Local Police Station & Administration During Emergencies.  Fast Track Courts for Rape Related Cases. Lady Judges Should Preside Over Such Cases & Govt. Must Bear All Expenses from Victims' End.  Thorough Rehabilitation of Rape Victims Including Financial & Social Should Policy Driven & Implemented Directly.  Media Regulation is Must & They Must Not Reveal a Single Detail About Victims: Hospital & Medical Reports, Interviews Must be Banned.  Prevention of Rape Act with Harsh & Objective Punishment Should be Drafted & Passed by Both Houses As Soon As Possible  Community Participation, Roadside Plays, Nukkads, Awareness Programmes to Abolish Social Taboo & Prejudice Related to Rape Victims
  10. 10. Some steps towards empowerment of women • Women reservation bill in parliament (pending) 1. Reservation of 33% at each level of legislative starting with the Lok sabha down to state and local legislatures. 2. If the bill is passed one third of the total seats will be reserved for women in national, state and local government. 3. In continuation of the existing provisions already mandating reservations for scheduled caste and scheduled tribes, one third of such SC and ST candidates should be women. 4. Women farmer reservation bill tabled by M.S Swaminathan as a private member bill in Rajya Sabha in 2011 Some recommendations submitted by Justice J.S Verma committee (on 23rd January 2013) 1. Trafficking- 7 to 10 years for trafficking a person, at least 10 years for more than one person, 10 years to life imprisonment for trafficking a minor. 2. Acid Attack: 10 years to life imprisonment, pay compensation to the victim for at least medical expenses. 3. No death penalty for crime against women. 4. Juvenile age: till 18 years. 5. Rape- 10 years to life imprisonment. 6. Gang rape- 20 years to life imprisonment 7. Rape and murder- 20 years to life imprisonment. 8. Rape of a minor- minimum 10 years to life imprisonment.
  11. 11. Challenges  Cultural mindset about women  “Superiority” of men versus “inferiority” of women (both within private spaces like the family, and public spaces like the workplace)  “Public” domestic violence (“honor” killings, community courts)  Myth of male marginalization used to support withdrawal of progressive legislation (like reservations) Way ahead  Increase in women’s participation at all levels: social, economic and political  Awareness of women’s rights – by the State, civil society organizations, as well as the public at large  Gender budgeting and gender mainstreaming within State agencies and civil society organizations. Conclusion • Yes we can trace the roots of crime against women in socio-politico-economic structures in Indian society • If we want to change the society we have to strike the roots
  12. 12. Appendix References: • Android market • Google images • The economist • Newspapers- The Times Of India, Pune Mirror, The Economic Times • • crimes-against.html • • • Thank You!!