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  1. 1. Fairness At Play: Introducing Electoral Reforms To Reduce The Influence Of Money And Muscle Power in Politics
  2. 2. Current Election Scenario In India Elections in India are held regularly at an interval of 5 years . Crores of people exercise their mandate and choose their leader. However there are some serious problems in the current electroral process as stated below: • Excessive Use Of Money And Muscle Power • Lack Of Youth Participation Of Politics • The Cult Of Identity Politics • Lack Of Awareness Among The Voters
  3. 3. Causes • Illiteracy and lack of awareness among voters • Lack of youth participation in politics • Identity politics in India • Use of freebies at the time of election • Negative perception of politics • Popular belief of election is equal to democracy
  4. 4. How Can The Current State Be Improved • State Funding Of Elections • Disqualification Of Criminals in Politics • Removal Of 4 Cs: 1. Corruption 2. Communalism 3. Casteism 4. Criminalisation
  5. 5. Political Party Reforms • Promoting Internal Democracy In Parties • Putting An End To High Command Culture • Minimum Educational Qualification For Candidates • Donations To Political Parties Should Be Made Available In Public Domain • Audited Accounts to be put in public domain
  6. 6. Areas Needing Reforms • Electoral & Party Reforms • Assuring stability, good clean corruption free, governance with accountability to the people • Union-State Relations – Misuse of article 356 – 3 or 4 tier governance with maximum powers at the grassroots – Bottom-up instead of top-down model • Executive and judiciary – Reduction of delays – Elimination of Corruption • Making public administration – Transparent – Citizen-centric & People Friendly
  7. 7. Constitutional Reforms • Right To Recall: It is a proposed law in India that would allow voters to recall their candidates before their term ends and request Election Commission for fresh elections. • Right To Reject: It is a proposed voting option in India that would allow voters who support none of the candidates available to them to register an official vote of "none of the above", which is not currently allowed under India election regulation.
  8. 8. Gandhian Model: The Road To Be Taken • Bottom-up approach • Village-centric power at grassroots • Direct election to local bodies only • Indirect Elections to State Assemblies and Parliament • Limits on Salaries and Perks of Members.
  9. 9. Conclusion India is a vibrant democracy over the 66 years of independence it has developed into a representative democracy. However there are major loopholes in the electoral process as mentioned above, to further strengthen democracy in the country the long pending electoral reforms should be initiated so that India can realise her dream of becoming a participative democracy
  10. 10. Source • Internet • Books • Newspaper • Creativity