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  1. 1. . BOOSTING SKILLSETS: INCREASING EMPLOYABILITY Team Details Team Coordinator: Abhishek Khandelwal Team Members: Aman Prakash Alok Vajpeyi Devashish Pandey Vanshaj Saxena AGENDA 2014
  2. 2. "A set of achievements, skills, understandings and personal attributes- that make graduates more likely to gain employment and to be successful in their chosen occupation which benefits themselves, the workforce, the community and the economy is EMPLOYMENT." Problem that prevails: Approx. 570 universities 1500 colleges 100s of regional and national research institutes India’s higher education and research sector is the third largest in the world, in terms of the number of students it caters. We have funds, colleges, teacher, students but still the unemployment rate is high… If the current trends in India’s labour participation and unemployment rate continue, about 423 million Indians working age population will be unemployed or unable to participate in the job market by 2030. According to the 2011 Census, youth account for 20 per cent of the total population. However, 84.5 million young people in India live below the poverty line, which is the highest rate worldwide, at 44.2 per cent of the total youth population. 26 per cent of employed young people suffer from poverty (around 22 million). Around 40 per cent of the youth population live in a vulnerable situation. 11 per cent are working poor, 4 per cent are unemployed and 25 per cent are not actively seeking work. Young job seekers makeup to 49 per cent of the total unemployed in India. With 93 per cent of the available work provided by the informal sector, a significant number of well- educated youth in India are either unemployed, underemployed, seeking employment or between jobs, or coping with insecure work arrangements. DEFINITION
  3. 3. use of resources with unidirectional ideology of conventional education, defence etc.. Lack of Exposure to the unconventional sources. Unawareness of scope apart from course curriculum. Orthodox thinking of the society restricts the development of the society. Affects the skill development of an individual. In Indian context career choice is merely generated by force not by choice. Does conventional education can only provide employment in India? Employment Fields in India(approx.) Education Primary Sector Defence Sports Business Others Reasons behind unemployment in India
  4. 4. Panacea - The Solution  Government should spend capital on every possible field of education that can be explored apart from the mainstream system.  Institutions should be established to adhere to the need of present scenario as to expand the domain of education from mainstream to its parallels.  Selecting excellencies of the respective fields as the sole doer of the institute as they will devote themselves for the development of the field without any prejudices and biasness.  Conducting various seminar and conferences with regard to this initiative by the stalwarts of that field to advertise the prospect to the commoners and to spread the idea of parallel education system.  Conducting various competitions as to inculcate enthusiasm among the competitors and to reward them with handsome prize to encourage them.  As to provide respect and to pull labours and workers in the mainstream employment industry to transform them as an asset not liability proper training institutes should be established.  After the foundation has been established work should be done to enhance the skill of the youth by nurturing them into the various programme that will be introduced in the school system.
  5. 5. Ideas Behind our solutions  Rainbow theory: from the very primitive stage the exposure of children to versatility is necessary to develop the appetite for courses they will develop an inclination to.  Passion is the driving force this will lead to satisfaction among individuals and will keep them motivated.  Innovations would be there and one will try to excel in their respective fields to reach new horizons.  Hatred and mutual jealousy will not be there as improving oneself will be the telos. Cloud: it indicates the failure of our education system that a person with inclination towards music is into science and vice versa. "Skill development from primary level is important because developing the skill set of present youth is a temporary solution and will continue forever. Whereas this approach will lead to permanent solution."
  6. 6. Implementation From the very basic, to develop the aptitude and inclination for different courses among students the introduction of rainbow theory is required. Interest should be developed and must be nurtured among them as to inculcate all the traits from among the choice that can be made. The implementation should be made on both private and public platform as to provide it to all. Exploration should be there by the individual before seriously considering about different possibilities and making commitments to themselves. 1) Phonetics should be taught to the children instead of classic alphabets A B C D..... It will develop the language in them and proper pronunciation just as it is in the case of hindi. 2) The development of interest will take place gradually with time and realization will be there among themselves. For the exposure and variants of courses conventional courses should be not forced by parents and it can be achieved by a. Spreading awareness about different available courses. b. Explaining the monetary aspect as how investment in those courses can achieve both RESPECT and CAPITAL.
  7. 7. From 6th grade there should be extracurricular courses apart from the regular academics. Sports and arts introduced in class 6th . Students excel in different areas of arts and sports ex. drawing, painting, drama, music, dancing, etc. By the time they reach 8th grade, they chose a specific field in arts or sports. In 8th grade they have to leave other fields of arts and sports and get a new field of yoga, meditation, debating and argumentative skills. In 10th grade they choose total 3 field out of the given choices and a new research is introduced. In 11th grade they have to chose 1 specific field in which they have to build their career. They can leave academic education and take their career in the field they are interested or passionate about. Hence we will not be producing only trained people rather educated people Work on the grass root level.. - schooling system
  8. 8. •Setting up institutions, funds needed approx 100crs •Funds needed for conducting various competitions approx 20cr •Conducting various seminars and workshops for creating awareness 20cr •Financial assitence for Overhauling the school education system 100cr 1st year- •Setting up institutions, funds needed approx.100cr •Funds for conducting various competitions approx 50cr •Conducting various seminars and workshop for creating awareness 30cr 2nd-3rd year- •Setting up institutions, funds needed approx 50cr •Funds needed for conducting seminar and workshops for creating awareness 20cr •Conducting various seminar and workshop for creating awareness 10cr 5th -10th year After this private intervention in the form of sponsorship by bureaucrats, firms, media, MNCs will be there to share the burden along with the government which will in turn will lead to prosperity and development our ultimate goal. Feasibility "The start of development is triggered by some challenge or conflict." It's a two way process..its time taking we are hitting the base it will lead to concrete development ..both the government and individual have to work together to gain total satisfaction.. The solution will eventually lead to development for sure.
  9. 9.  If India’s working-age population, its so-called demographic dividend, is productively employed, India’s economic growth prospects will brighten.  Since the job market is biased towards high-skill labour, the creation of jobs for low-skill labour, who would continue to dominate its workforce, will challenge India.  Closing the skill gaps of its qualified workforce will be critical, as India depends more on human capital than its peer countries that have a similar level of economic development.  India will have to bear a greater fiscal burden to support the unemployed as the productivity will not be there by the excellencies in their field. WHY 2014? NOT NOW THEN WHEN? This is a permanent solution and it has to be done one day. Then why not 2014....?????
  10. 10. 1.Sunrise states –realising the growth potential of north eastern states Even if the growth potential is realised and analysed of these states then also there will be requirement of skilled human resources to utilise the same and only proper education system containing conventional and non conventional sub fields can solve this purpose of skilled labour force and also it is region specific and we are talking about 2.access to primary health care facilities There is no rationality in spending irrational amount on primary health care instead money should be spend on creating a population with proper skill sets so that they can grab available employment opportunities and become capable of availing the primary health care facilities by themselves. 3. empowerment of women The idea of creating more skilled population will no doubt also include the women in its arena and will definitely help in empowerment of women. 4.efficiency of public distribution system In a country half of the population of which doesn’t have access to food due to lack of proper employment; the talk of improving efficiency of PDS is not relevant. 5.boosting agriculture productivity The task of creating a population which is skilled and talented also include people who will be given training on agriculture techniques for higher production. Why it's better than others
  11. 11. 6.reducing malnutrition It is obvious to a layman also that the problem of malnutrition is due to the lack of proper employment skills and if they have employment they themselves can arrange for their food and spending money on feeding the population will make them dependent on government and it is a temporary solution but making the population self dependent by improving their skill sets will permanently solve the problem. 7.ensuring world class civic amenities in urban India In a country half population of which resides in villages especially poor villages where people are not having even the basic necessities of food, shelter, clothing etc, there is no point on giving the main focus on providing world class civic amenities in cities. 8.enhancing the quality of primary education This point is self explanatory as entire program of inculcating employment skills will also include primary education in its field. Our solution is anyways better than others because by solving this problem we are actually combating with all prevalent problems and its is one solution to all difficulties.. It has some other benefits also : When an individual will pursue his passion he will not have hatred for others and conflict will reduce.. People are often honest to themselves.. and if they follow their inner call they will do justice with their profession and corruption will reduce. If people are employed and follow their dreams they will have less stress and the health standard will increase. India will gain its recognition at global platform which will in turn earn foreign exchange
  12. 12. 1) Skilling India : The Billion People Challenge - A Report by CRISIL Centre for Economic Research. 2) Microsoft – ‘Interface’ : Issue 15 –July-oct 2010. 3) IJESS Volume 3, Issue 3 April 2013 (ISSN 2249-7382) 4) Knowledge Paper on Skill Development in India, Learner First, September 2008. 5) Friedrich Ebert Stifftung – Combating Youth Unemployment in India- Pravin Sinha (March 2013). 6) Issue Paper for Session 1 – Employability : Education, Skill Development and Technology - Bridging Knowledge Gaps — ILO Forum. 7) Skills for Urban Youth - A Chance for a better future - Education for all - Global Monitoring Report 2012. REFERENCES Special thanks to Bharat Rajvanshi from Jodhpur for his assistence and contribution in the making of the project