India , a country with more than 1 Billion population has
just one third population which can read. Primary education
plays an important role in every one life to decide him a
literate or not. But the major problem is 58% of Indian
children do not complete primary education .
We are considering 2 major reasons  for dropouts of the
students at their primary education level which are as
Problem 1) Demand far exceeds the supply: shortage of
efficient, eligible teachers.
Main reason for this is no attractive salary for teachers,
no additional facilities of health security, job security.
Problem 2) Traditional way of teaching which do not grab
the attention of the students.
PROBLEMS & REASONS
Solution to problem 1:
shortage of teachers
Good teachers leads to good results from that school.
Lack of teachers, in particularly efficient teachers is the major
problem. Most of the Teachers are not willing to work in rural
areas. So following are the few solutions for selection of efficient
At present D.Ed is the minimum qualification for the primary
school teachers , after this the Government must conduct
competitive exams for the appointment of primary school
teachers where ranks will be allotted based on their score.
To increase the competition (for the post of teachers)
trough such eligibility tests, teachers who get selected
must be provided with:
Attractive salary based on the middle class standard of
living in the location where school is located.
Job guarantee after their training or probationary period
based on their performance in probationary period.
Providing increments to the teachers if they get 100%
result in their subject in a particular academic year.
Providing extra salary who works in rural schools
especially in village schools (government schools)
Providing quarters facility for the teachers who work in
schools located in remote places with government aid.
Novel primary School Teachers Appointment system
postings based on
rank of the
Schools upload their
requirements to the
database in prescribed
based on standard
of living of school
providing free or
quarters in schools
located in remote
Extra salary for
Increments if they
make 100% result in
their handled subject9/5/2013 5Manthan
Solution to problem 2: Traditional
way of teaching
Government making lot of programs for attracting students
toward school such as giving meals, milk, uniform, bicycle at
free of cost. But this increased the number of students
attending the classes but not number of students passing
their primary education. So there is need of programs which
make the students to pass their primary education .
Pictorial / video representation makes students easy to
understand than the hand written( chalk piece) wordings.
Smart class environment must be made mandatory from
class Ist to VIIth standard: Use of projectors and syllabus
related CD’s while teaching.
Training about the usage of smart class environment must be
provided for teachers under two perspectives: newly appointed
teachers, already working teachers.
Government must provide subsidy for establishing smart
In the view of student performance, special classes must be
taken for those who show weak performance in the monthly
Weakly ones there must be motivation classes where student
is made to realize the importance of basic education in their life.
Encouraging toppers with cash prize at the school level.
Providing free hostel facilities or bus facilities by the schools
located in remote areas. This can be done with government aid.
Novel Teaching System
Training must be
aid by the
Teaching in smart
As like government
issuing text books,
it must provide
CD/DVD s along
with text books,
need of basic
giving cash prices
for toppers of each
To be done at School level
 Sunita Chug, “Dropout in secondary education, A
study of children living in slums of Delhi”,2011.
 Ajay Deshpande,Sayan Mitra “Primary Education in
India: Key Problems”, 2006.
 Marie Lall, “The Challenges for India’s Education