SLSLHE

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SLSLHE

  1. 1. 1 SIMPLE LIVING=SUSTAINABLE LIVING=HEALTHY EARTH(SLSLHE) FUTURE CITIES - PROVIDING WORLD CLASS CIVIC AMENITIES S L S L H E
  2. 2. 2 PROBLEM STATEMENT--Due to rapidly increasing urbanization India's major cities are now facing great social issues including housing problems, high energy consumption, waste disposal and shortage of electric power, and water . By 2030 ,230 million of people will be migrated to all different cities in india. •The most striking current changes are the levels of urbanization in less developed nations: rising from about 27 per cent in 1975 to 40 per cent in 2000 — an increase of more than 1 200 million people (United Nations Population Division 2001b). • Furthermore, there is every indication that the trend will continue for the next 30 years, adding 2 000 million people to the urban population of the presently less- developed nations •By 2007, one-half of the world's population will live in urban areas compared to little more than one- third in 1972, and the period 1950 to 2050 will see a shift from a 65 per cent rural population to 65 per cent urban (United Nations Population Division 2001a) Existing cities are not able to cater to the ever increasing demand for electricity and water. SIMP PROBLEM STATEMENT S L S L H E
  3. 3. 3 Proposed solution FUTURE CITIES So focusing on new cities which are to be build if well planned, can translate into higher living standards as it is cheaper for the government to provide services to a concentrated population Energy Conservation and efficiency will be the hallmarks of the future great cities of the world. •Looking at the rate of migration to cities for opportunities and better standard of living and rapid economic development leads to higher levels of urbanization, India would not only need to make existing cities liveable but also create new cities in the future. •Several state governments have recognized the need to build more planned cities on the lines of NAVI MUMBAI and CHANDIGARH and even along the DELHI-MUMBAI INDUSTRIAL CORRIDOR. • In a bid to develop existing cities, the Central Government launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) in 63 existing cities. The Mission also focuses on providing basic civic amenities to all, including the urban poor. It mandates reform of the local civic bodies to ensure the smooth flow of investment funds so as to counter the deficiencies in present urban infrastructure. Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) was launched in 2011 to replace JnNURM. The key focus of RAY is on developing slum free cities which are inclusive and capable of providing basic civic and social services to all its inhabitants. EXISTING CITIES POLYCENTRIC CITIES •Poly centric cities will not be centralised and dependent on the city core. •It will multiple nodes spread all over in city which will be self sufficient in basic amenities(school,hospital,entertainment) and needs(electricity,water supply,storage and wastage •Each node will inter-relate and contribute to the city S L S L H E
  4. 4. 4 To make liveable future cities primary needs like food, shelther and clothing and corresponding civic amenities need to be sufficed. PROPOSED SOLUTIONS AT GLANCE Sustainable living Transit oriented city Compact cities Resource pooling Easy transit within the city. creating a walkable city, encouraging public transport. Appropriate road hierachy and zoning of areas energy materials waste emissions Using sustainable ,renewable resources for need of energy, and local materials for construction. micro climate to create green buildings. GREEN CITY Studies indicate that compact high density cities utilize half as much energy and generate half as much air-pollution per capita vis-à-vis a sprawling city. Resource pooling allows to reduce the load on resources, thus saving resources and making world better for coming generations S L S L H E
  5. 5. •If a general store exists below a residential building you only have to go downstairs to purchase an item for your daily existence, a quart of milk, or rent a video, or get a slice of pizza, etc. These mixed use cities will also help societies become less dependent of automobiles thereby reducing our reliance on fossil fuels. It also integrates housing of all sections of the society and age group thereby creating a more unified culture in the society. public functions and services such as schools, hospitals, restaurants and parks. Mixed-use developments affords is more convenient as it promotes shorter commute times, helps create a walkable community and forms a 24/7 urban environment which is safer. •EACH NODE WILL BE 0F 0.4M IN RADIUS. •Form of the nodes and of city will be decided according to the topography of region. •Each node will be self sufficient in aspects like having basic amenities of school,hospital,market,entertainment,electricity and water bill paying offices,food production because of urban farms or vertical kitchen gardens. workplace is decentralized and urban form is not Monocentric! •Firms disperse to the Suburbs to be nearer to their workforce. •Studies show that by doing so they can take the saving in worker commuting costs and pay lower wages to their workers! •Cities hence become “Polycentric” with multiple subcenters. •Technology helps firms to decentralize by reducing any localized agglomeration economies. The result: “Balanced Land Use” Live where you work and work where you live. Balance eliminates much travel. PLANNING OF CITY’S NODE Encouraging planning with walkable mixed use neighbourhoods rather than single-use enclaves like a residential complex or an office park is also key to a vibrant and efficient city Mixed use planning endeavours for a strong relationship between where people work and where they live. Mixed-use developments allow people easy access to work Vertical terrace or kitchen gardens in builsings to produce daily vegetables
  6. 6. Transport •Due to urbanisation and transport system of existing cities, no.pre owned cars have rapidly increased. •45% of co2 emission is due to passenger cars. • Future city will have a railway access to enter the city . •They will be walkable,so the need to travel everyday to work places will be greatly reduced. •Besides there will be adequate service for emergency vehicles. •Bicycling through the city is a appealing idea which will greatly reduce the usage of fuel for transportation. •Lots of option for public transport like tramps or busses.So cars will not be owned by any1 in the city. There will be agencies having car pooling or residents need to pay whenever car rented to them. •Going ahead will the innovation, electric cars which will use solar power for charging is proposed. •So streets and parking lots will have charging avaibilities •Production of electric cars will be able to provide employment for people in city.
  7. 7. 7 SIMPLE LIVING=SUSTAINABLE LIVING=HEALTHY EARTH(SLSLHE) Electricity power ( Renewable energies) The power sector is classified into three categories: SOLAR: WIND: Solar Thermal BIOMASS: GEOTHERMAL: G E N E R A T I O N Housing Level Community Level Solar Photovoltaic •1 -2 sq. m •Roof tops •Field of heliostats on acres of plots •Roof tops •Facades •Field of P.V pannels •Roof tops •Field •In house •Industies •Plants•In house Other sources- ocean thermal energy , small hydro , wave energy, tidal energy S L S L H E
  8. 8. 8 SIMPLE LIVING=SUSTAINABLE LIVING=HEALTHY EARTH(SLSLHE) Why opt renewable energy Rising fuel prices S L S L H E The natural precious resources depleting is going to make the future generation suffer , so reduce the use of natural fuels. And since air , wind ,water are available in plenty and free of cost makes us take a decesion for the future of earth.
  9. 9. 9 SIMPLE LIVING=SUSTAINABLE LIVING=HEALTHY EARTH(SLSLHE) Water conservation and management By 2025,1.8 million people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity and two –thirds of worlds population could be living under water stressed conditions. Majority lack access to consistent and adequate supplies of clean water.
  10. 10. 10 SIMPLE LIVING=SUSTAINABLE LIVING=HEALTHY EARTH(SLSLHE) Biogas plants The sanitation waste created by the city ,ie the soil waste and grey and black water , organic wastage created by the city , kitchen and domestic waste , everything will be used for creating biogas ,which will again help in cooking gases . The sludge remained will be used as manure for the environment. So the waste is also reused for the betterment of living.
  11. 11. First wind mill Completion of all wind mills Use of solar power Wind mill maintainance Energy by biogas Sustainable city Incentives for biofuel gas Incentive for electric cars TIMELINE S L S L H E
  12. 12. 12 SIMPLE LIVING=SUSTAINABLE LIVING=HEALTHY EARTH(SLSLHE) CITY HEAD CONTROLLER DEPUTY FOR SUSTAINABILITY DEPUTY FOR INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY HEAD FOR INNO. OF SOLAR PANELS HEAD FOR INNO. OF WATER TECHN0- LOGY DEPUTY FOR CONSTRUCTION ELECTRICITY DEPT. HEAD BIOGAS DEPT. HEAD WATER DEPT. HEAD DEPUTY FOR FINANCE HEAD FOR INNO. IN FUEL USAGE SOLAR GENERATED DEPUTY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CHECK WIND GENERATED MICRO ON GRIDS RAIN WATER HARVESTING WATER TREATMENT COOKING ON GRID WATER SUPPLY OPTIMISING ENERGY PRODUCTION CARBON FOOT PRINTS IMPLEMENTATION BODY S L S L H E
  13. 13. 13 SIMPLE LIVING=SUSTAINABLE LIVING=HEALTHY EARTH(SLSLHE) S L S L H E REFERENCES •MCKINSEY REPORT ON URBAN •INDIAN COUNTRY PAPER •BHARAT NIRMAN PLAN •BLOGS ON URBAN CITIES •REFERENCES OF IMAGES AND REPORTS ARE BELOW EACH. WHAT IS THE USE OF HOUSE WHEN IF YOU HAVEN’T GOT A TOLERABLE PLANET TO PUT IT ON ? HENRY DAVID THOREAU CONCLUDING WITH-

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