Boosting Agriculture
Productivity
SOWING PROSPERITY
Coordinated By-
Anuj Deep Yadav
Team Members:
-Adarsh Kumar -Anurag Pa...
Outline
Our Agriculture : A Glimpse
View of Obstacles
Drought & Rainfall effected Zones of INDIA
Insufficient irrigation f...
Our Agriculture : A Glimpse
• 70% of India population is dependent on cultivation. Out of the total sown
area, 60% is depe...
View of Obstacles
Random flood and
drought situations
occurred in INDIA,are the
most influencing problems
for our agricult...
Drought & Rainfall affected Zones of INDIA
The annual
monsoon season is
due and – given
that the country’s
mostly rain-fed...
Insufficient Irrigation for
Agricultural Needs
 So Indian agriculture needs a alternative source to plough our fields-
bu...
Less sufficient encouragement Plans in
Agricultural Employment & Research
Status of Indian agricultural
workers across the...
Monitoring & Banking Problems
Indiscipline & Lack of coordination between
farmers & District Monitoring authorities.
Agric...
Proposal to Overcome Obstacles
Small level
committees
• Formation of small level committees of farmers, Grampradhans, dele...
Unitisation of Rivers:
Implementation
Form a committee of environmentalists
and civil engineer to know about the future
as...
MGNREGA :
Implementation
Involvement of Grampradhan
and agriculture officer to
provide employment under the
MGNREGA.
Try t...
Forming Committees, Promoting
Agricultural Education & Research
Implementation
Provide fund for scholarships & infrastruct...
Challenges and Mitigation Factors
To aware people
that unitisation of
rivers is for
development and
welfare of country,
it...
Appendix
References :
1. Live mint journal,26th August 2013.
2. http://www.indiaonline.in/about/Profile/Economy/EconomicIs...
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SAMRIDDHI

  1. 1. Boosting Agriculture Productivity SOWING PROSPERITY Coordinated By- Anuj Deep Yadav Team Members: -Adarsh Kumar -Anurag Pathak -Ankit Sharma -Pranjal Srivastava
  2. 2. Outline Our Agriculture : A Glimpse View of Obstacles Drought & Rainfall effected Zones of INDIA Insufficient irrigation for agricultural needs Less sufficient encouragement Plans in Agricultural Employment & Research Monitoring & Banking Problems Proposal to Overcome Obstacles Unitisation of Rivers: Implementation & Impact MGNREGA, Forming Committees, Promoting Agricultural Education & Research Challenges and Mitigation Factors
  3. 3. Our Agriculture : A Glimpse • 70% of India population is dependent on cultivation. Out of the total sown area, 60% is dependent on the rainfall, thus prone to floods and droughts. Dependence on Agriculture • Between 1990 and 2010, the contribution of agriculture to India’s GDP showed a rapid decline from 30% to 14.5%. However, the share of workforce employed in agriculture showed only a marginal fall from 59.9% to 53.2%. The growth rate for agricultural sector during the 11th FYP was 3.5% as opposed to the overall economic growth rate of 8.2%. India’s GDP decline from 30% to 14.5% • As 43% of land in India, is used for farming but contributes only 18% of the nation’s GDP. The rural farmers in India suffer from poverty and most of them are illiterate so there is lack of good extension services. Poverty and illiteracy of Farmers • Measures for flood mitigation were taken from 1950 onwards. As against the total of 40 million hectares prone to floods, area of about 18.22 million hectares has been protected by construction of embankments. Flood Prone Areas • The decade to 2020 will be a watershed for Indian agriculture. The Indian government believes 4% growth in agricultural gross domestic product is necessary not only to achieve the nation’s overall target 9% growth but also to reduce poverty. Future prediction
  4. 4. View of Obstacles Random flood and drought situations occurred in INDIA,are the most influencing problems for our agriculture. India has a lot of diversity in its monsoon & Weather, there are a lot of cultivated land, which are affected by the random flood and drought. Data to compare Flood & Drought resemblance :
  5. 5. Drought & Rainfall affected Zones of INDIA The annual monsoon season is due and – given that the country’s mostly rain-fed agriculture makes up 15 percent of gross domestic product. Hundreds of millions of Indians dependent on it – these rains are a serious business. Drought Prone Area Flood Prone Area
  6. 6. Insufficient Irrigation for Agricultural Needs  So Indian agriculture needs a alternative source to plough our fields- but it has insufficient irrigation. There are huge variations in monsoon, according to data presented: Deprivation of Irrigation Projects in INDIA Public Expenditure on Irrigation and Flood control
  7. 7. Less sufficient encouragement Plans in Agricultural Employment & Research Status of Indian agricultural workers across the INDIA. Reduction in development of agricultural education & research.
  8. 8. Monitoring & Banking Problems Indiscipline & Lack of coordination between farmers & District Monitoring authorities. Agricultural Loan related problems like high Interest rate, and tough process of recovery. Decreasing contribution of public sector banks in agriculture.
  9. 9. Proposal to Overcome Obstacles Small level committees • Formation of small level committees of farmers, Grampradhans, delegates of Banks and members of district authorities to develop coordination and support among those member for development of agriculture at Unit level. Agricultural Education & Research • Encourage the agricultural educations and empirical research in agriculture by providing, attractive scholarships and employment chances. Unitisation of rivers • To manage randomness of floods and droughts in different zones of country at a time.It may also help to develop alternative irrigation facilities across the country according to need of WATER for harvesting in different cultivated lands. MGNREGA • Increasing agricultural employment and beneficial provisions in Govt. schemes, like MGNREGA. Govt. should provide agricultural and harvesting to the unemployed people on the unused Govt. and Gramsabha land, by which Govt. would find extra grains and crop which boost INDIAN economy as well as agricultural productivity.
  10. 10. Unitisation of Rivers: Implementation Form a committee of environmentalists and civil engineer to know about the future aspects and marginalise the amount. Priorities the Zones first and then rivers according to flood and drought situations. Add the rivers as our broad scale management and resources efficiently. Non functioning canals should be taken upto the level of functioning According to our point of view,this program will consume about 1000crores Rs fund. Impact We may control the drought and flood in INDIA. We can provide a broad scale irrigation facility to our farmers. We may reduce the investment of farmers as they use tubewell, sprinklers, etc.by providing irrigations through Canals. We can cover 64% of those cultivated land which depend upon monsoon only.
  11. 11. MGNREGA : Implementation Involvement of Grampradhan and agriculture officer to provide employment under the MGNREGA. Try to involve more number of employees in the forming and seeds-formation in MGNREGA. Use of govt. lands which are not used for any fruitful purpose. The production under the scheme is totally governmental fund of grains. Produced grains may use again and again as seeds. Impact Area of cultivated land will increase. Production by agriculture will also increase. Overall profit goes to government which will rise GDP so that economy also. Agriculture will also be attractive for employment for unemployed persons.
  12. 12. Forming Committees, Promoting Agricultural Education & Research Implementation Provide fund for scholarships & infrastructure for agricultural research according to a committee which will suggest requirement of fund in this research enhancement programme. Provide new syllabus for agricultural studies in present scenario. World class faculty and experienced farmers take part in events for the purpose of exposure to students of agriculture and provide basic guidelines of development in agricultural streams. Easy and cheap education should be provided to students. Curriculum of school level education should contains the agricultural units for the primary level understanding and aptitude. Impact Employment increases in the field of agriculture so it encourage people to join agriculture and it will increase percent of human labour in agriculture. New types of seeds should be invented (like hybrid seeds) which can be used again and again for agriculture so that expenditure of agriculture. These new type of seeds provide a large scope of production in agriculture, So that productivity will also enhance. Farmers will get easily and low cost composts and fertilizers for enhancing production without disturbing soil productivity ,so that productivity in agriculture will also increase.
  13. 13. Challenges and Mitigation Factors To aware people that unitisation of rivers is for development and welfare of country, it will not hurt any spiritual feeling. It is a broad scale project which will consume a lot of time and money so all political parties and people of INDIA should support the government. We should also understand the effects created by this plan on the nature and prepare alternatives for any type of future problem. Government should identify the needy population, reasonable land and good monitoring of this scheme of employment under the MGNREGA. Youth should be encouraged by giving good career opportunities ( research, teaching, managing etc.) in agriculture, so that they opt the option of study of agriculture instead of engineering and medical.
  14. 14. Appendix References : 1. Live mint journal,26th August 2013. 2. http://www.indiaonline.in/about/Profile/Economy/EconomicIssues/Agriculture.html#sthash.hMF1NF 4G.dpuf 3. Development Research Group,study no. 27, Agricultural Growth In INDIA since 1991. 4. Pursuit and promotion of Science: Agriculture 5. Blogs.reuters.com/the human impact/tag/agriculture 6. Climatological features of drought incidences in INDIA:Meterological Department,Govt. of INDIA 7. Contingency and compensatory Agriculture Plans for Drought & Floods in INDIA-2012. –Planning Commission ,Govt. of INDIA 8. Economic Times,25th August 2013 9. Indian Agriculture Under the Five-Year Plans, Booklet No. 539, Agricultural Situation in India: ASIS-10 10. Vulnerability to drought, cyclones & Floods in INDIA- Aditi Das.Winrock INTERNATIONAL INDIA 11. Wikipedia, Google.

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