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  1. 1. Manthan topic: Boosting Agriculture Productivity Ideas To Increase Agriculture ProductivityTitle:
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION: In our country agriculture is the largest sector of economic activity providing not only food and raw materials but also employment to a very large section of the population. •Agriculture sector in India during 2012- 13 contributes 16% of GDP & 10% of export earnings. FACTORS EFFECTING AGRICULTURE PRODUCTIVITY: 1.Institutional factors: The average size of holdings in India is very low. About 80 percent of the land holdings are less than 2 acres. 2.Technologies factors: • Poor Technique of Production • Inadequate Irrigational Facilities. 3.General factors: • Inadequate non-firm Services • Natural Calamities Milliontones
  3. 3. Solution for institutional factors: Mandal Level Agriculture Officer • They should have all the information regarding the farmers and labours working in agriculture sector as per collected statistics. • They should govern village level officers regarding their duties. Village Level Officer • He should appoint the local private representatives to prepare a report regarding cultivated and non cultivated land present in village premises. • And also allocating land to local farmers on equally basis. Government Bill • Government should pass a bill consisting of terms and conditions regarding land that can be taken over by it. • Government should provide subsidies and encourage farmers .  Nearly 5 % of the land falls in the category of uncultivated land which is cultivated once every 2 to 3 years.  Thus, near about 51% of the whole area, on an average, is cultivated once a year.  The uncultivated lands are subsidiary lands and are kept so to reestablish their richness. Its use depends upon high-quality and timely rains also.
  4. 4. Village Agricultural officer Report regarding uncultivated land present in village premises Allocation of uncultivated land to local farmers Maintaining the proper relational ships between owner and farmers 1. Here, government should prepare a report regarding uncultivated land present in a village and allocate them to local farmers to cultivate. 2. Government should provide subsidies and encourage farmers. 3. Government should also take care of maintaining proper relationships in between the owner and farmer by appointing local representative.
  5. 5. Conventional way Single feeder Agriculture + domestic Impact : •All power drawn for agriculture •Crippling shortage in domestic sector Jyotigrama yojna Separate feeders Agriculture 3 phase: 8 hours Domestic One phase: 24 hours Impact : •Farmers get continuous good electricity on pre announced schedules •Domestic sector gets 24 hours uninterrupted power supply. Improvement of irrigational facilities: Jyotigrama yojna technique: Jyotigram Yojana is an initiative of Government of Gujarat to ensure availability of 24 hours three phase quality power supply to rural areas of the state and to supply power to farmers residing in scattered farm houses through feeders having specially design transformers.
  6. 6. Drip irrigation: • Drip irrigation is an irrigation method that saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. It is done through narrow tubes that deliver water directly to the base of the plant. Drip irrigation Saves water Effective use of fertilizers Government role : To provide awareness and knowledge of drip irrigation to farmers. To provide financial support and subsidies for implementation of drip irrigation.
  7. 7. Technology application :  To achieve expected level of productivity, farmer must be guided by experts in respect of soil & water analysis for adopting the best diversified cropping system ,meticulous adoption of technology, judicious use of seeds , fertilizers ,pesticides , water , labour & credit.  Government should bring awareness of new technology among the farmers  Govt. should have essential machines required for crop yield in rural areas and provide them to local poor farmers at low cost.  National agriculture policy lays emphasis on the rapid development of agriculture in India.  Government role is to invest more for innovation of new technology . Government tasks:
  8. 8. Better quality seeds : •The seed should have the characteristic like better grain quality, resistance to pests & diseases & suitability to the agro-climatic conditions & quality of high rate of germination & high yielding. Example: biotech cotton( BT cotton) it is a new type of cotton seed which needs less fertilizers and pesticides and also inbuilt resistance towards some pests Research And Development: •Increase the application of nuclear technology, to all those factors effecting the agriculture productivity such as effective irrigation , pest control etc. Two important challenges: Sustainable agriculture Increase in productivity
  9. 9. Market liberalization : In our country markets mostly benefit traders rather than farmers that may be because of the long distances between rural areas and markets and also due to poor marketing skills of farmers. Market liberalization Local traders across the villages Establishment of markets in rural areas  After implementation of this method , you can see from the graph (steepness should be low for effective market) there is very less price change on moving product from port to urban areas.  Govt. should invest more in Road transport and Infrastructure of communication. Famers would get good price to there crop by the application of this process.
  10. 10. Appendix: References:  Agriculture in India, article by wikipedia.  Agriculture share in GDP of India ,article by Business Standard news paper.  Report on uncultivated land by Planning Commission of India.  Presentation on jyotigram yojana by Government Of Gujarat.  Article by International Atomic Energy Agency. FOR A BETTER INDIA