Status of Vocational Training in India
Problems at Glance!
1) High drop out rate at secondary
2) System inclined more towards strong
basic academic skills and not just
3) Lacking private & industry
4) no opportunity for continuous skill
5) lack of experienced and qualified
teachers on vocational skills.
6) Unplanned expansion of vocational
• Only 2% of people of age group 15-29 received formal
• The proportion of persons who received formal
vocational training was the highest among the
Brief Proposed Solution:
Local Training Centre
• Training to be imparted at local centres
• Training basically according to the need of the very region and
• Training to be imparted by local experts and practitioners.
• Technical tours in villages to encourage its development and bring in
• Organising competitions for promoting vocational courses.
• Making “Skill Group” for particular interest and then community
efforts to make it successful.
• Introduction of Bachelors of Vocational Education (BVE) for teachers
Local trainers in and around the local area to be trained
to run vocational courses.
Government schools and buildings to be used for the
infrastructure need. e.g. Using aanganwadi schools during
evening for the course.
Using college students of near by college to implement
new events and competitions and recognising them for the
Low cost and effective way of imparting knowledge .
Involve participation of local people and hence lesser
mismanagement of funds.
Help in boosting traditional knowledge and products with
touch of technology.
Mass implementation, even in rural areas.
Improvement in economic background of trainers as well
Trainers would be school teachers, skilled artisan or any
learned person who want to contribute to society
• School teachers,
• Good speaking
• Training imparted
to the applicants.
• A test after giving
training to the
• Recruitment on basis
• Enthusiasm for the
• Posters, advertising
fly overs, social
• Good salary for post
of trainer equivalent
to a salary of a
• Conferences, rallies
and grouping at
college and school
Recruitment of Trainers
Management & Mapping
Locality community halls
arrangements to be
made by respective
teams in central
trainers as well
Assigning of their respective
Test for selection as trainer
Certified Training of
Selection of applicants
Training of trainees Examine
• Qualification &
• In city centre
their skills ,
• Selection of
trainees on a
Where actual training of masses occur …
Planned schedule according to their skills preferences of trainees.
Project work to sharpen their skills.
Economics studies-to teach them market &skills and entrepreneurship skills, knowledge
Certified course & reference from industries & companies.
Regular evaluation even after course.
Technical tours in villages to encourage its development & bringing in new technology.
organizing skills & groups.
Job reservation scheme in Industries and corporate world
Specific training program issued by government for any public service
work like nursing and hospital emergency or during natural disaster
Specific training program for any industry related work.
Reserved position in job for vocational courses say designing, posters,
skill to be build
To train the
and other activities
Training team Stipend
Approx 10 trainers per
2 lack per annum per
Total cost for approx 20
states = 2x10x20 = 4 Cr
Total district (approx)
cost per selected
applicant = 1000 Rs per
Total annual cost for
all selected applicants =
1000x12x10x670 = 8 Cr
through print media,
television media ,
posters , banners etc
(approx) = 1 Cr
Per Trainer income
=10000 per month
Total cost =
10000x670x3 = 2 Cr
= 15 k per month
Total annual cost =
15000x670x12 = 11 Cr
cost = 2+11 = 13 Cr
Challenges And Risks
Rural people may not understand the importance
of the training.
There may be lack of sufficient knowledgeable
people in the village.
Accessibility of training centres in remote areas.
There may be problem of enough industrial and
Fund raising from ngo’s , government and
corporate will be a difficult task.
Involving and showing them about need of
vocational knowledge in application.
Using teachers and counselling of these rural
Using Govt. building and schools during
Making binding laws for industries to select
employs with vocational knowledge