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  1. 1. Walk to Equality Women Safety and Empowerment in India By Public Private Partnership Model Team Co-ordinator - Rohan Agarwal (, 9832174681) Sumit Kumar Aakash Gupta Imbesat Ahmed Rohit Singh Chauhan
  2. 2. South Africa’s legislative capital is ‘Cape Town’, India’s legislative capital is ‘Rape Town’. 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Reported Incidents of Crime against women • Crime against women during the year 2011 has increased by 7.1% over the year 2010 and by 23.4 % over the year 2007. Crime against Women during 2011 Molestation Rape Kidnapping & Abduction Sexual Harresment Dowry Death Immoral Traffic Dowry Prohibition Act Others Cruelty by Husband and Relatives • Rape cases in India during 2011 has increased by 16.73% over the year 2007 while kidnapping by 74.2% and dowry deaths by 6.49%.
  3. 3. According to a global survey India ranked at a poor 115 in the level of economic empowerment of women in 128 countries. The Challenge Recent steps taken by the Government a) Nirbhaya Fund  Rs. 1000 crore for the safety of women and an all women bank to support women organizations.  Inference : Funds insignificant as it works out at Rs. 8 for every women.  Possible solution : Creating separate women’s division in all existing public sector banks that offer lower interest rates and business advice rather than a separate bank for women. b) Women is expected to adopt her husband’s surname and in some traditions even her husband’s name as her middle name. • Inference : Women is always known behind her husband. She loses her own identity many a times. • Possible solution : Bombay high court amended the Family Court Rules of 1998 in Sept., 2011 thereby giving women freedom to use their birth name after marriage unless they change it officially. Awareness about these changes is lacking not only in the rural areas but even in the most developed and literate cities. • Break down economic and political barriers that stand in the way of women and girls. • Advance the rights and opportunities of women and girls. • Gender Equality • Safety of women against crimes and exploitation. Answering the Call • Various laws have been framed like Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, Dowry Prohibition Act, Sati Prevention Act. • National Policy for the Empowerment of Women passed in 2001.
  4. 4. Women safety and empowerment not just by the government involvement but with the help of upper and middle class business parties and service providers. One Fold Problem Lack of women crowd in public places. • Even though India has 48% female population, we rarely see a female crowd anywhere. • Talk about roads, buses, stalls, intersections, theatres, offices, park, playgrounds, everywhere, in our daily life, the density of men is always way higher than the density of women in these places. • Less number of women when find themselves in a large crowd of men feel insecure and are afraid of their safety and exploitation. One Fold Solution Getting girls and women to come out of their homes. • Promote girls/women in all spheres of life : from the job of a waiter in a restaurant to an auto or taxi driver to a bus conductor, from a receptionist in an office to a CEO of a company, from a ward commissioner to the leader of a country. • From being a police officer to the comrades in arms. • From being a handicraft export to playing games badminton, tennis, chess, archery, weight lifting, athletics or even cricket.
  5. 5. We often hear about boys and men eve- teasing, hooting, groping , harassing, raping, molesting, bothering girls and women. Are all men ‘Ravan’ and all girls ‘Sita’ ??? This is possible both biologically and physically. Still such cases do not arrive. Do we ever hear a group of girls/women harassing a boy/men ???? We boys and men often accuse other men to be cheap and consider ourselves to be totally respectful of a women. But is that really true???? Truth is even the most educated boys /men of our society sometimes either when they are in a group or under the influence of alcohol disrespects a girl. Consider a situation where 5 boys are sitting on the side of a road and 4 girls passes by. Will the boys still find the courage to harass the girls?? We all know the answer to that question. Fact is, a girl is often targeted when she is found alone and vulnerable. The very basic and most important solution to this problem is to promote the crowd of girls in public places.
  6. 6. Measures : a) Incentive(cash incentive or tax rebate) given by the government to all the owners who ‘employ women for jobs’. The idea is that government need not find employment for women all by themselves, the private parties could come into play. i) In places like Delhi or other developed cities : • 20% of the government taxis or buses on the road should be reserved for women drivers and women conductors. • For private taxi companies, incentive could be given. Now we cannot introduce ‘more taxi fair’ for taxis having women driver as it would violate the right to equality for equal wages for both men and women. But, the head or chairman of these large taxi groups could be given a little incentive by the government for every women driver they hire. Thus, the owners would themselves willingly and happily look for ‘women to hire’ in hopes of incentive. These taxis could have a different colour to identify. ii) Incentive given to large or small scale companies to hire women workers. iii) Incentive given to hotel owners to hire women waiters.
  7. 7. b) 30% of traffic police would be females. c) Around 20% reservation of women in police and army. d) Around 33.33% reservation of women under MGNREGA. e) Strengthening women entrepreneurs by giving them business advice and supporting micro finance. Women should be empowered beyond their homes. ‘Women on the streets’ in groups so that the fear factor reduces as well as empowerment increases. More women in power at every level will ensure that women’s needs get higher priority than they currently do. Measures :
  8. 8. Implementing the Plan : • Each company or organization or government bodies or business parties should have a ‘proper record of all their employees’ with all the basic details including their address and their contact numbers. Photocopy of aadhaar card/voter card of employees is adviced, however small the organization. • Cash incentive given at the end of every six months. The incentive could be collected by visiting the municipality office every six months along with the ‘aadhaar cards/voter id cards/pan cards of its women employees’. • Tax rebate could be enjoyed by attaching the voter cards/aadhaar cards/pan cards of its women employees along with the annual income tax return. The assessee could be an individual or a firm or a company or an organization or a society. • A separate body under each municipality could be formed who will be responsible for checking the authenticity of the incentive claims every six months.
  9. 9. This idea of empowering women not just by the government involvement but with the help of its citizens faces a few challenges. Challenges and Risks : CONCEPT RISKS Funding in the form of cash incentive could lead to huge corruption in the already corrupt society. Women may lack enthusiasm to work jobs and men may not allow wives and daughters to get out of their homes and work. Since the employment rate wont increase, men face a situation to loose their jobs which would then be occupied by women. The willingness to hire women to work may lack interest even though monetary benefits are given because of social communication gap between men and women in Indian societies. IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES The amount of fund required will vary every year though approximation could be done. Central and state government will have to work hand in hand. Massive effort is required not only from the government side but even from the side of the people. Municipal corporations may face problems catering to the needs of so many people unless they form a separate body under them for women empowerment.
  10. 10. References : • National Crime Research Bureau of India. (2012). Crime Against Women. Retrieved from • Press Trust of India. (2012, October 12). India loses 3 million girls in infanticide. The Hindu. retrieved from • Human Development Report 2013. Retrieved from • budget 2013: Nirbhaya fund? Not what the Indian woman needs. Firstpost. Retrieved from • Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Women and Child Development. (2001). National Policy for the Empowerment of Women. Retrieved from