Walk to Equality
Women Safety and Empowerment in India By
Public Private Partnership Model
Team Co-ordinator - Rohan Agarwal
Rohit Singh Chauhan
South Africa’s legislative capital is ‘Cape Town’, India’s legislative capital is ‘Rape Town’.
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Reported Incidents of Crime against
• Crime against women during the year
2011 has increased by 7.1% over the
year 2010 and by 23.4 % over the year
Crime against Women during 2011
Cruelty by Husband
• Rape cases in India during 2011 has increased by
16.73% over the year 2007 while kidnapping by
74.2% and dowry deaths by 6.49%.
According to a global survey India ranked at a poor 115 in the level of economic
empowerment of women in 128 countries.
The Challenge Recent steps taken by the Government
a) Nirbhaya Fund
Rs. 1000 crore for the safety of women and an all women bank
to support women organizations.
Inference : Funds insignificant as it works out at Rs. 8 for every
Possible solution : Creating separate women’s division in all
existing public sector banks that offer lower interest rates and
business advice rather than a separate bank for women.
b) Women is expected to adopt her husband’s surname and in some
traditions even her husband’s name as her middle name.
• Inference : Women is always known behind her husband. She
loses her own identity many a times.
• Possible solution : Bombay high court amended the Family
Court Rules of 1998 in Sept., 2011 thereby giving women
freedom to use their birth name after marriage unless they
change it officially.
Awareness about these changes is lacking not only in the
rural areas but even in the most developed and literate cities.
• Break down economic and political
barriers that stand in the way of
women and girls.
• Advance the rights and opportunities
of women and girls.
• Gender Equality
• Safety of women against crimes and
Answering the Call
• Various laws have been framed like Immoral
Traffic (Prevention) Act, Dowry Prohibition
Act, Sati Prevention Act.
• National Policy for the Empowerment of
Women passed in 2001.
Women safety and empowerment not just by the government involvement but with the
help of upper and middle class business parties and service providers.
One Fold Problem Lack of women crowd in public places.
• Even though India has 48% female population, we rarely see a female crowd anywhere.
• Talk about roads, buses, stalls, intersections, theatres, offices, park, playgrounds, everywhere, in our daily
life, the density of men is always way higher than the density of women in these places.
• Less number of women when find themselves in a large crowd of men feel insecure and are afraid of their
safety and exploitation.
One Fold Solution Getting girls and women to come out of their homes.
• Promote girls/women in all spheres of life : from the job of a waiter in a restaurant to an auto or taxi driver
to a bus conductor, from a receptionist in an office to a CEO of a company, from a ward commissioner to the
leader of a country.
• From being a police officer to the comrades in arms.
• From being a handicraft export to playing games badminton, tennis, chess, archery, weight lifting, athletics
or even cricket.
We often hear about boys and men
eve- teasing, hooting, groping ,
bothering girls and women.
Are all men
‘Ravan’ and all
girls ‘Sita’ ???
This is possible both
physically. Still such
cases do not arrive.
Do we ever
hear a group of
We boys and men often accuse
other men to be cheap and
consider ourselves to be
totally respectful of a women.
But is that really true????
Truth is even the most educated
boys /men of our society
sometimes either when they are
in a group or under the influence
of alcohol disrespects a girl.
Consider a situation where 5 boys are sitting on
the side of a road and 4 girls passes by. Will the
boys still find the courage to harass the girls??
We all know the answer to that question.
Fact is, a girl is
when she is
found alone and
The very basic and
solution to this
problem is to
promote the crowd of
girls in public places.
a) Incentive(cash incentive or tax rebate) given by the government to all the owners who ‘employ
women for jobs’.
The idea is that government need not find employment for women all by themselves, the private parties
could come into play.
i) In places like Delhi or other developed cities :
• 20% of the government taxis or buses on the road should be reserved for women drivers and women
• For private taxi companies, incentive could be given.
Now we cannot introduce ‘more taxi fair’ for taxis having women driver as it would violate the right to
equality for equal wages for both men and women.
But, the head or chairman of these large taxi groups could be given a little incentive by the
government for every women driver they hire.
Thus, the owners would themselves willingly and happily look for ‘women to hire’ in hopes of incentive.
These taxis could have a different colour to identify.
ii) Incentive given to large or small scale companies to hire women workers.
iii) Incentive given to hotel owners to hire women waiters.
b) 30% of traffic police would be females.
c) Around 20% reservation of women in police and army.
d) Around 33.33% reservation of women under MGNREGA.
e) Strengthening women entrepreneurs by giving them business advice and supporting micro
Women should be empowered beyond their homes.
‘Women on the streets’ in groups so that the fear factor reduces as well as empowerment
More women in power at every level will ensure that women’s needs get
higher priority than they currently do.
Implementing the Plan :
• Each company or organization or government bodies or business parties should have a ‘proper
record of all their employees’ with all the basic details including their address and their contact
Photocopy of aadhaar card/voter card of employees is adviced, however small the organization.
• Cash incentive given at the end of every six months. The incentive could be collected by visiting
the municipality office every six months along with the ‘aadhaar cards/voter id cards/pan cards
of its women employees’.
• Tax rebate could be enjoyed by attaching the voter cards/aadhaar cards/pan cards of its
women employees along with the annual income tax return. The assessee could be an individual
or a firm or a company or an organization or a society.
• A separate body under each municipality could be formed who will be responsible for checking
the authenticity of the incentive claims every six months.
This idea of empowering women not just by the government involvement but with
the help of its citizens faces a few challenges.
Challenges and Risks :
Funding in the form of cash incentive could lead
to huge corruption in the already corrupt society.
Women may lack enthusiasm to work jobs and
men may not allow wives and daughters to get
out of their homes and work.
Since the employment rate wont increase, men
face a situation to loose their jobs which would
then be occupied by women.
The willingness to hire women to work may lack
interest even though monetary benefits are given
because of social communication gap between
men and women in Indian societies.
The amount of fund required will vary every
year though approximation could be done.
Central and state government will have to work
hand in hand.
Massive effort is required not only from the
government side but even from the side of the
Municipal corporations may face problems catering to
the needs of so many people unless they form a
separate body under them for women empowerment.
• National Crime Research Bureau of India. (2012). Crime Against Women. Retrieved from
• Press Trust of India. (2012, October 12). India loses 3 million girls in infanticide. The Hindu. retrieved from
• Human Development Report 2013. Retrieved from
• budget 2013: Nirbhaya fund? Not what the Indian woman needs. Firstpost. Retrieved from
• Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Women and Child Development. (2001). National Policy
for the Empowerment of Women. Retrieved from http://www.wcdhry.gov.in/nationalpolicyW.html