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  1. 1. Introducing Electoral Reforms to Reduce the Influence of Money and Muscle Power in Politics Simple Amendments Way to conduct successful elections Team members: SUBHAM SHUKLA DHAVAL KARKHANIS SUMIT GAUTAM RAJ JOSHI KUNAL PANCHAL
  2. 2. India being world largest democracy but still not role model to world The major problems are with our electoral : • Criminalisation of Politics • Financing of Elections • Conduct and Better Management of Elections • Regulating Political Parties • Auditing of Finances of Political Parties
  3. 3. India acknowledges as the world’s most populous democracy, stands 38th in democracy index • 33% of candidates who declared assets more than INR 5 crore, won in 2009 • 2009 Lok Sabha Poll estimated spending (nearly INR 10,000 crore) is higher than the 2008 US Presidential Elections (nearly INR 8,000 crore). • The cost of conducting 2004 elections was 125 times greater than that of 1952. • 162 MPs elected in 2009 have criminal cases against them; 26% increase from 2004. • Amongst the MPs elected in 2009, 162 had 522 criminal cases pending against them of which 76 were serious cases.
  4. 4. Lok Sabha Election Expenditure 1952 10,45,00,000 1957 5,90,00,000 1962 7,32,00,000 1967 10,79,69,000 1971 11,60,87,450 1977 23,03,68,000 1980 54,77,39,000 1984 81,51,34,000 1989 154,22,00,000 1991 359,10,24,679 1996 597,34,41,000 1998 666,22,16,000* 1999 880,00,00,000 ** 2004 1300,00,00,000*** * Including the demand of election expenditure incurred on Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra (Maharashtra had asked for Rs. 84 crores and Andhra Pradesh for 57 crores. Ministry of Law has already released 60 percent (approx.) of the amount and balance would be released after the audit is over. ** Approximately. The final figure is known only after the accounts are reconciled/adjusted between the Center and all the States. *** Provisional Source : Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs Legislative Department), YEAR OF ELECTION EXPENDITURE INCURRED (Provisional)(in Rs.)
  5. 5. To become role model and form utopia or to top the democracy index electoral reforms are necessary If a law is passed as to those with criminal and corruption charges are to be disqualified then around 93 MPs and 10 ministers in Man Mohan Singh’s ministry stand disqualified. This is appalling! We can’t put the entire blame for current state of affairs on our political system because it is not functioning in vacuum. The society has share in the blame. The behaviour of our political system is its response to the society and to reform our political system, we need to reform society and its subsystems. This is where electoral reform becomes important • Introducing upper age limit for MP (<65). • No person can be MP more than twice (if imposing this is not possible then let it be no person can contest for election more than once from same constituency). • Election commission functions as independent body with Supreme Court.
  6. 6. • Introduce seat reservation for candidate holding upper post in public sectors (they can be elected by EC and will function as neutral player in parliament; they won’t belong to any party). • Speaker of Lok Sabha can be from neutral party so won’t be bias to any party. It won’t be like it happens every time that speaker is always from the party with majority in Lok Sabha. • EC should work for public awareness before the elections and let people know in detail about the person stood for election in their constituency. • To cut costs introduce internet voting system. • vs • Face to face debate at different phase for PM candidature.
  7. 7. Technology can play a vital role – Introducing online voting system • E-voting would be efficient, cost effective and hugely convenient compared to the traditional ballot boxes and electronic voting machines Online voting ensure four major requirement Authentication Availability Confidentiality Integrity IMPLIMENTATION STEPS : • A data-recovery system will kick in within seconds in case the main servers are hacked. • Scytl is an international technology company focused on developing and implementation state-of-the-art e-voting and electoral modernization solutions worldwide. • E-voting will cut down long queues that often discourage voters to take time out to cast their valuable votes. • E-voting will also ensure high level of security in terms of voter privacy, vote integrity and transparency.
  8. 8. Every citizen above the age of 18 years gets an Election Card with an Unique Voters ID. Every registered voter must register his active mobile no. The voter must also register a unique "PASS PHRASE" which remains confidential to him and him only. While voting, the voter must login to the Election Commission portal by entering his unique voter ID and details provided to the ECI during the registration for Election Card. When the entered details are confirmed, a unique password is sent to the registered mobile no. This password will be valid for only 3 minutes time frame. The voter has to enter his password to confirm his identity. He will also have to enter the unique PASS PHRASE which he registered to the system. This way the system can confirm the voters identity. A window will open with options of all the standing candidates of various parties.
  9. 9. This window will remain open for only time window of 60 seconds during which the voter has to select the candidate he wants to elect and submit it. The entire voting process will occur within 256 bit encrypted protocol with secure web (https). UIDAI can be used for unique identification id. The innovative ideas mentioned, other than the E-voting can be implemented if it can be passed through parliament. And to pass this ELECTORAL REFORM BILL consensus is need to be built.
  10. 10. Advantage of these ideas over present situation Presently there is no upper age limit, due to which in parliament there are no youth or we can say there are old MPs with health issue and old ideas. Presently there are many who have been MP 5-6 times, same people again and again are becoming MP with introducing 2term bill rotation can be brought in parliament, and reduction of criminals can be achieved. Seat reserve for upper class PSU employees, as presently there is no NEUTRAL PARTY in parliament therefore with reservation a NEUTRAL PARTY can be brought. Which can take part in decision making without political intentions. These members can be selected by EC. Parliament is witnessing the speaker of Lok Sabha is always being selected from the party with majority in parliament therefore speaker can be selected via voting from Neutral party. E- voting can bring Quicker result, Increased voter turnout, Less hassles of waiting in long queues to cast vote, This would avoid booth capturing. Details of candidate, his affidavits can be viewed by voter before casting the votes, this would ensure vote is given to deserving candidate. Face to face debate can bring transparency.
  11. 11. Appendix Statistical data from,_2009