Introducing Electoral Reforms to Reduce the
Influence of Money and Muscle Power in Politics
Way to conduct successful elections
India being world largest democracy but still
not role model to world
The major problems are with our electoral :
• Criminalisation of Politics
• Financing of Elections
• Conduct and Better Management of Elections
• Regulating Political Parties
• Auditing of Finances of Political Parties
India acknowledges as the world’s most
populous democracy, stands 38th in democracy
• 33% of candidates who declared assets more than INR 5 crore, won
• 2009 Lok Sabha Poll estimated spending (nearly INR 10,000 crore)
is higher than the 2008 US Presidential Elections (nearly INR 8,000
• The cost of conducting 2004 elections was 125 times greater than
that of 1952.
• 162 MPs elected in 2009 have criminal cases against them; 26%
increase from 2004.
• Amongst the MPs elected in 2009, 162 had 522 criminal cases
pending against them of which 76 were serious cases.
Lok Sabha Election Expenditure
1999 880,00,00,000 **
* Including the demand of election expenditure incurred on Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra (Maharashtra had asked for Rs. 84 crores and
Andhra Pradesh for 57 crores. Ministry of Law has already released 60 percent (approx.) of the amount and balance would be released after the
audit is over.
** Approximately. The final figure is known only after the accounts are reconciled/adjusted between the Center and all the States.
*** Provisional Source : Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs Legislative Department),
YEAR OF ELECTION EXPENDITURE INCURRED (Provisional)(in Rs.)
To become role model and form utopia or
to top the democracy index electoral
reforms are necessary
If a law is passed as to those with criminal and corruption charges are
to be disqualified then around 93 MPs and 10 ministers in Man
Mohan Singh’s ministry stand disqualified. This is appalling! We can’t
put the entire blame for current state of affairs on our political system
because it is not functioning in vacuum. The society has share in the
blame. The behaviour of our political system is its response to the
society and to reform our political system, we need to reform society
and its subsystems. This is where electoral reform becomes important
• Introducing upper age limit for MP (<65).
• No person can be MP more than twice (if imposing this is not possible
then let it be no person can contest for election more than once from
• Election commission functions as independent body with Supreme
• Introduce seat reservation for candidate holding upper post in
public sectors (they can be elected by EC and will function as
neutral player in parliament; they won’t belong to any party).
• Speaker of Lok Sabha can be from neutral party so won’t be bias
to any party. It won’t be like it happens every time that speaker
is always from the party with majority in Lok Sabha.
• EC should work for public awareness before the elections and
let people know in detail about the person stood for election in
• To cut costs introduce internet voting system.
• Face to face debate at different phase for PM candidature.
Technology can play a vital role – Introducing online
• E-voting would be efficient, cost effective and hugely convenient compared to
the traditional ballot boxes and electronic voting machines
Online voting ensure four major requirement
IMPLIMENTATION STEPS :
• A data-recovery system will kick in within seconds in case the main servers are
• Scytl is an international technology company focused on developing and
implementation state-of-the-art e-voting and electoral modernization solutions
• E-voting will cut down long queues that often discourage voters to take time out
to cast their valuable votes.
• E-voting will also ensure high level of security in terms of voter privacy, vote
integrity and transparency.
Every citizen above the age of 18 years gets an Election Card with an Unique Voters ID.
Every registered voter must register his active mobile no.
The voter must also register a unique "PASS PHRASE" which remains confidential to him and
While voting, the voter must login to the Election Commission portal by entering his unique
voter ID and details provided to the ECI during the registration for Election Card.
When the entered details are confirmed, a unique password is sent to the registered mobile
This password will be valid for only 3 minutes time frame.
The voter has to enter his password to confirm his identity.
He will also have to enter the unique PASS PHRASE which he registered to the system.
This way the system can confirm the voters identity.
A window will open with options of all the standing candidates of various parties.
This window will remain open for only time window of 60 seconds during
which the voter has to select the candidate he wants to elect and submit it.
The entire voting process will occur within 256 bit encrypted protocol with
secure web (https).
UIDAI can be used for unique identification id.
The innovative ideas mentioned,
other than the E-voting can be
implemented if it can be passed
And to pass this ELECTORAL
REFORM BILL consensus is need to
Advantage of these ideas over present situation
Presently there is no upper age limit, due to which in parliament there are no youth or we can
say there are old MPs with health issue and old ideas.
Presently there are many who have been MP 5-6 times, same people again and again are
becoming MP with introducing 2term bill rotation can be brought in parliament, and reduction of
criminals can be achieved.
Seat reserve for upper class PSU employees, as presently there is no NEUTRAL PARTY in
parliament therefore with reservation a NEUTRAL PARTY can be brought. Which can take part in
decision making without political intentions. These members can be selected by EC.
Parliament is witnessing the speaker of Lok Sabha is always being selected from the party with
majority in parliament therefore speaker can be selected via voting from Neutral party.
E- voting can bring Quicker result, Increased voter turnout, Less hassles of waiting in long queues
to cast vote, This would avoid booth capturing.
Details of candidate, his affidavits can be viewed by voter before casting the votes, this would
ensure vote is given to deserving candidate.
Face to face debate can bring transparency.
Statistical data from