SMILE COMRADES,
THE RENAISSANCE IS HERE
1)AMIT GUPTA,
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, GGSIPU
2)SHAURYA SHARMA
UN...
0
20
40
60
80
100
100 100 100 100
100
74.04
4 8 3.7 2.3 66.25 79.64
NORTH EAST VS INDIA %
India North Eastern
OVERVIEW
DO ...
THE PATHOGENS TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
MELTDOWN
INSURGENCY
• The North Eastern states have earned the dubious distinction fo...
THE FOUR POINT AGENDA TO INCLUSIVE GROWTH
SOCIAL
EMPOWERNMENT
YOUTH
DEVELOPMENT
ADMINISTATION
& GOVERNANCE
ECONOMIC
EMPOWE...
SOCIAL EMPOWERNMENT
The North Eastern part of India is almost another world. It is a place of magical beauty and bewilderi...
AGRICULTURE:
 The low input intensity of agriculture of the region makes it ideally suited for organic cultivation.
 The...
What do boxers M C Mary Kom and Shiva Thapa,
tennis player Somdev Devvarman and
footballers Baichung Bhutia and Gourmangi ...
ADMINISTRATION & GOVERNANCE
Governance and economic development need a congenial environment free from internal and extern...
IMPLEMENTATION
Following are the six steps recommended to ensure rightful implementations of the
afore mentioned solutions...
IMPACT
CONSERVATION OF
BIODIVERSITY &
PROMOTING TOURISM
IMPROVED
INFRASTRUCTURE AND
POWR
ENCOURAGING
HANDICRAFT AND
OTHER ...
CONCLUSIONS
i. Our holistic sovereignty has been replaced by a series of elliptical federalisms with intolerance, extremis...
REFERENCES
 http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.60.3156
 http://databank.nedfi.com/content/north-eas...
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RASAYANYEERS

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RASAYANYEERS

  1. 1. SMILE COMRADES, THE RENAISSANCE IS HERE 1)AMIT GUPTA, UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, GGSIPU 2)SHAURYA SHARMA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, GGSIPU 3)ANSHUMAN JAIN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, GGSIPU 4)RAJAT TRIPATHI UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, GGSIPU 5)MAYANK SHARMA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, GGSIPU
  2. 2. 0 20 40 60 80 100 100 100 100 100 100 74.04 4 8 3.7 2.3 66.25 79.64 NORTH EAST VS INDIA % India North Eastern OVERVIEW DO NOT KINDLE THE FIRE WITH SNOW BUT LIT IT FURTHER WITH FUEL, NOT FOR A FUNERAL PYRE BUT A HOPE DRIVEN BONFIRE. •North East, the undiscovered paradise camouflaged by lush greenery and Indian apathy is the part of India where the clock of development seems to have eternally frozen. •We Indians believe in two principles of life: jugaad where required and hypocrisy where suited. The first principle has taken the form of vote bank politics and notion of suitable investment havens with immense political payoff while the second has resulted in the formation of certain prejudices which view the North East as a region having more racial and societal characteristics common with China or Tibet. This very prejudice takes a beating when a ostensibly harmless Chinese incursion takes place result in sudden outburst of patriotism. •Divided we fall, united we stand. But is an enemy only viewed as one with arms, ready to wreck havoc at the slightest instigation? The slow killing of the North East growth story by being mute spectators is an equally grave crime if not worse in our view and this very parallelism oft ignored by the political class prompted us to undertake this topic. •The Committee Report of 1947 speaks of north east as a region highly malarial with other debilitating infirmities without any civilising facilities, consisting of simple, exploitable people with prevalent superstitious and harmful practices, aboriginal life and customs and institutions containing elements of value. •Passion of people and the potential of states are both there, nowhere will you find a braveheart like Irom Shrarmila of Manipur or induced negative growth rate of Nagaland of 2011 population census.
  3. 3. THE PATHOGENS TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL MELTDOWN INSURGENCY • The North Eastern states have earned the dubious distinction for persistent underdevelopment and growing insurgency. The fire of insurgency has been engulfing the region in such a way that there seems to be existence of a parallel authority of the insurgents in many parts of the region as rampant abductions, extortions and killings go on unabated. Paralysis of normal life, continuous puncture of all initiatives including the socio-economic has created an air of fear and uncertainty pervading in the region. INEFFECTIVENESS OF CURRENT POLICIES • Though it can be argued that some developmental changes have taken place in the region, yet the present policy framework has not been able to provide the basis for a dynamic process of development, including good transport, infrastructural facilities. . It has not been able to attract investors or to produce skilled labour and entrepreneurial resources, and has failed to transform the primitive agricultural practices of the region into modern commercial agriculture POROUS BORDERS • Open porous borders of the north east with neighboring countries have created several grieve problems like illegal immigration, in surgency human trafficking and drug trade ever since independence UNEXPLORED POTENTIAL • India’s north east region (NER) is endowed with huge untapped natural & human resources and vibrant ranges of ecosystems which are yet waiting to be identified as potential source of economic and social development LACK OF SUPPORT FROM PRIVATE SECTOR • Because of lack of proper connectivity, power, infrastructure, volatility situation, economic unpredictability , feeble policies, unaccountability of funds and lack of government will, North East has not witnessed enthusiastic support from private sector UNTAPPED HUMAN RESOURCE RELYING ON OUTDATED TECHNOLOGY • Despite of having an average literacy rate greater than most parts on the country , the people of North East are still using outdated technology and hence are not able to contribute effectively to the nations growth
  4. 4. THE FOUR POINT AGENDA TO INCLUSIVE GROWTH SOCIAL EMPOWERNMENT YOUTH DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTATION & GOVERNANCE ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT It needs to empower rural communities, create sustainable institutions so that they manage common activities around microfinance, livelihoods and natural resource management The objective of this component should ideally be to develop the capacity of rural communities to plan and manage funds for various economic initiatives and common activities for the public The objective should be to partner with various service providers and pump in resources to provide world class educational and sports institutions to garner demographic dividend while promoting the indigenous music industry. This will facilitate various governance, implementation, co-ordination, learning and quality enhancement efforts in the project. Institutional change supporting economic enhancement and growth at a social level requires economic incentives, supported by political will. With India moving into a new era of economic liberation, the region should not be left out. The framework for development of the region can be broadly based upon four vital components. SOCIAL EMPOWERNMENT ECONOMIC EMPOWERNMENT YOUTH DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATIVE & GOVERNENCE INCLUSIVE GROWTH
  5. 5. SOCIAL EMPOWERNMENT The North Eastern part of India is almost another world. It is a place of magical beauty and bewildering diversity. This region possesses rich history, culture and scenic beauty comparable to any other developed tourist spot of the country These states are a virtual paradise for travellers, searching for continuous joy in Pilgrimage, Adventure, Culture, Nature, Heritage, Wildlife, Golf and Polo and many more. All these make a rich panorama. It's a land in the twilight of imagination and reality. It's a tourists' delight TOURISM :  Development of infrastructure including cheap accommodation in different tourist centres;  Development of trekking, winter sports, wildlife and beach resorts,  Exploring new source markets in regions and countries having cultural affinity;  Environmental protection and cultural preservation of natural heritage projects incorporated with the development of human resource;  Launching of national image building and marketing plan in key markets;  Creating awareness and public participation and facilitating private sector participation in development of infrastructure etc. 227857 4050924 114062 652756 57292 21094 700011 342273 Arunanchal Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura Number of Tourist Visit in 2010 Source: Ministry of Tourism , 2010 HANDICRAFTS • The North Eastern region of India enjoys a pride of place in the country with its rich heritage of artistic craftsmanship. • The crafts of this region are almost entirely oriented to locally available raw materials. The principal handicrafts of this region include basketwork, cane furniture, mats, woodcarvings, terra cotta, artistic textiles, bell metal artwork, brass metal craft, dolls and toys, embroidery etc. 5.2 243.3 84.3 15.3 1.8 7.1 1.7 26.8 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 Number of Craftsmen during the year 2010 Source : Lok Sabha Starred Question No. 297, dated on 177000 1241000 179000 11000 39000 61000 1000 121000 Arunanchal Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura Number of Handlooms workers during the year 2010 Source: Handloom Census of India 2009-10 BIO DIVERSITY: •North East India is a landscape of lush evergreen forests and grasslands which provides a home to 8000 species of flowering plants and a over 106 globally threatened species, including Asian elephants, Indian rhinoceros, tigers and leopards •Out of the nine important vegetation types of India, six are found in the North Eastern region •It is vital to encourage community participation in supporting Forest Departments to maintain intelligence network and joint law enforcement operations.
  6. 6. AGRICULTURE:  The low input intensity of agriculture of the region makes it ideally suited for organic cultivation.  The comparative advantage of the region can be exploited in the form of eco-foods produced through small scale organic farming enterprises, medicinal plants and green health products,.  Development of network of knowledge centers or agri-clinics which provide location and farming systems specific advice on areas related to meteorological, management and marketing.  Delivery and coordination of services in agriculture need to be developed on the lines of decentralized bodies such as Small Farmers Agri- Business Consortia.  Eco-friendly ‘Jhuming’ is possible and must be encouraged following Nagaland example. ECONOMIC EMPOWERNMENT INFRASTRUCTURE: •Improving road infrastructure and connectivity is the major issue which indirectly controls the whole economic development of the region. •Greater India-Bangladesh economic co-operation, including rail transit facility for the Northeast through Bangladesh, can be a major economic boon to the region. •It would be financially desirable to make a model for bringing in PPP to develop a viable civil aviation network in the region. •On the lines of India Bhutan treaty for generating electricity, similar investment should be made in North East as the region is endowed with perennial rivers and water bodies •Setting up budget hotels based on BOT (to promote tourism) - a government enterprise would build and operate the premises until such time as it is ready to hand it over to a private entity INDUSTRY: •The region is endowed with perennial rivers and water bodies. This potential, if tapped well, can be a big boost to the ailing power generation sector. •Discovery of vast deposits of oil and gas in the region has brought cheers to the declining exploration industry. •Major benefits can be derived from inland water transport, joint water resource management, biodiversity and ecotourism. •Opening up of exports with the south east nations due to the region’s close proximity to the ASEAN markets. •Minerals like oil, uranium and limestone have long been used to feed various industries and there is scope for further use of such resources for industrial use. •Substantial lime stone deposits are located in the north-eastern belt of Arunachal Pradesh which can feed a cement industry subject to availability of 86.55 90.33 39.15 90.16 Meghalaya Arunachal Sikkim Other UNDEVELOPED ELECTRICAL POTENTIAL ( % ) Source: Annual Report 2009, Central Electricity Authority
  7. 7. What do boxers M C Mary Kom and Shiva Thapa, tennis player Somdev Devvarman and footballers Baichung Bhutia and Gourmangi Singh have in common? Right guess, they are all sportspersons form North east (and yes they all are also fed up with red tapeism of Sports Authority of India but then who isn’t?) The region is endowed with huge sports talent but is sadly plagued by inadequate infrastructure and coaching facilities. Where to start on football? To sum it let’s just say that what lassi is to Punjabis, football is to our North Eastern fellowmen. The Central government should evolve a separate sports policy for the youth of the Northeast. Indoor games like gymnastics, table tennis, weightlifting, power lifting, billiards and snookers need to be promoted further in the region along martial arts like Taekwondo, Judo and Karate The corporate houses either as part of their social responsibility or in the public-private partnership (PPP) mode and the government should undertake Sports training and coaching to train young people for national and international standards sports. HUM KISSI SE ‘KOM’ NAHI (Power of the Youth) Don’t get scared by their gothic/cannibalistic style, they are actually very sweet people, hopefully. Playing sports the Indian (read juggadu) way. Shillong Chamber Choir in India’s Got Talent (Season 2) took the world by surprise by their by mesmerizing performances . In fact one random band from North East winning India’s biggest talent show may seem as an aberration to the skeptics it is only the tip of the iceberg. The indigenous music industry should be promoted Ministry of Culture through various festivals and incorporating modern music in the existing scholarships. Bollywood should also play its part in nurturing the future R.D. Burman and S.D. Burman.. (*Note- One should definitely listen to bands like Sinister Violence of Darjeeling and Alien Gods of Itanagar if ever in a mood for rebel or a epiphany.) About a decade ago, the north-east was backward in terms of the number of institutions of higher education. Now, besides each of its eight states having a central university and National Institute of Technology, and an Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of technology and Indian Institute of Management in the region, a number of private universities have also been established. However, lack of well trained teachers, poorly equipped laboratories poor management in these universities force students of the north-east to go to other parts of the country for higher education. Presently the number of higher education institutions in NER account for just 0.7% of the total institutions present in India. The central and state governments need to improve the infrastructure of these institutions and attract talented faculty so that there is a visible improvement in the quality of higher education in the North East. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Number of Govt./Govt. Aided Inst. Offering Degree courses Number of Pvt. Inst. Offering Degree courses Compiled from the statistics released by : Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No. 1352 dated on 03.12.2007. Application YOUTH DEVELOPMENT, “Hum Kisi Se ‘KOM’ nahi” In midst of deluges and earthquakes, discrimination and violence the highly literate North-Eastern society, with due course of time, has found solace in sports and become experts in venting out their anguish at through guitar strums and catchy tunes having deep lyrics.
  8. 8. ADMINISTRATION & GOVERNANCE Governance and economic development need a congenial environment free from internal and external disturbances. So it is highly necessary that effective administrative measures are put in place for egalitarian growth of the region. concerns •Main issues are regarding security and insurgency which has led to the low economic activity and poor governance. •Territorial disputes and inflow of political activists and refugees from neighboring countries has flared ethnic tensions in the regional stability. •Recurring damages from floods every year also lead to a large scale displacement of people and loss of livelihoods. •Despite the beauty of the region, few tourists especially foreign visitors come. There is a problem with image, of concerns about safety. •Many cases of human rights violations by the army due to AFSPA and extremists using anger against the law to recruit more youth. •There are no markers for transparency or accountability in government projects in the region leading to widespread loot of central money which flows into the region •Hundreds of women and children go missing every year from the region. They are sold and abused in metros and other parts of the country •Drug trafficking proliferated by Political instability and insecurity brought about by numerous insurgencies in the region. Proposed solutions •Insurgency problems can be solved via negotiated talks with concerned groups following the MNF Mizoram example. Economic prosperity will detach the majority population away from insurgents. •Facilitating intermediation between the various stakeholders involved in the diverse ethnic conflicts in the region, be it the public, civil society activists, journalists, academicians and researchers through dialogue and civic education. •Using local knowledge, technology and abilities in terms of boat building which could deliver basic services during floods and be used as a documentation and health campaign vehicle during the lean season. •Dilution and removal of AFSPA from regions with no insurgency thus improving public sentiment in northeast. •A review mechanism through a transparency commission on every project, large or small, should be implemented so as to ensure accountability.. •Check human trafficking across the porous borders •Information/intelligence gathering regarding drug trafficking, its analysis and dissemination capabilities need to be strengthened by effective coordination among various agencies and civil society groups. Border officials found guilty of drug trafficking should be punished severely. 0 20 40 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTH EAST INDIA UNDER AFSPA
  9. 9. IMPLEMENTATION Following are the six steps recommended to ensure rightful implementations of the afore mentioned solutions Growth centres and IIDCs to be converted into total tax free zones for the next ten years. Similar benefits should also be extended to new industrial units or their substantial expansion in other growth centres or IIDCs of industrial estates, parks, export promotion zones set up by the states. Similar benefits will also be provided to units located outside the specified locations Subsidy at 90% of the transport cost of raw materials brought from outside the region as well as the finished goods sent from the region to other parts of the country. Income tax exemption for five years for the new industrial units set up in the region. Capital investment subsidy (CIS) at 15% of investment in plant and machinery, subject to a maximum ceiling of 30 lakh INR will be given. Eligibility conditions will be same as in case of tax benefits. However, the present land tenure system in the region is very complex. In order to attract private capital, there is an urgent need to look into land policies. With an increase in economic activities, the problem of labour shortage is expected to be aggravated. The region should be opened up for outside labour It is imperative to evolve a tolerant labour policy Establishing Lokayuktas in all North Eastern state except Assam Expedite the formation of the additional 3 high court Judicial intervention at various levels to plug the leaking holes in the system and ensuring sustainable development The potential areas to broaden their tax base are sales tax, revenues from irrigation and better realisation of taxes from power and transport Need to prudent financial management by the States of the region The transfer of funds should be demarcated into the following three sections to ensure better efficiency : 1) Identification of sources of funds. 2) Formulation of investor friendly routes free from legislations as much as possible 3)Recognition of the deserving group so that funds are rightfully targeted DEVOLUTION AND TRANSFER OF FUNDS PUBLIC INVESTMENT LAND AND LABOUR POLICY LAW AND ORDER PRIVATE INVESTMENT
  10. 10. IMPACT CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY & PROMOTING TOURISM IMPROVED INFRASTRUCTURE AND POWR ENCOURAGING HANDICRAFT AND OTHER MICRO BUSINESS SETTING UP OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECTOR UNITS IMPARTING QUALITY HIGHER EDUCATION MODERNISING AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES PROMOTION OF MUSIC AND SPORTS POLICIES REGARDING POROUS BORDERS CHECK ON MILITANT ACTIVITIES-AFSPA INFLOW OF FUNDS FREEDOM FROM INSURGENCY IDENTITY PROTECTION REDUCE OF CONSUMABLE IMPORTS OPEN TRADE POSSIBILITIES WITH NEIGHBORS CREATION OF A SKILLED YOUTH AND WORKFORCE BETTER CONNECTIVITY PROVIDE ECONOMIC STABILITY AND INCREASE GDP REMOVAL OF ISOLATION FROM REST OF THE COUNTRY PROVIDE SELF SUBSTAINABILITY TO THE REGION CREATE A SAFER ENVIRONMENT FOR LIVING GENERATE A POWERFUL HUMAN RESOURCE D E V E L O P M E N T
  11. 11. CONCLUSIONS i. Our holistic sovereignty has been replaced by a series of elliptical federalisms with intolerance, extremism and dispassion being the two curved ends. It’s high time the edges are shaped back to form the perfect curve. ii. It has been sixty six years since we got our independence. Yet when we look at North East India, all we see is the chaos, the crumbling political system, the corruption, the poor infrastructure and the massive inequity that is apparent everywhere. The most prevalent illusion out there is the notion there is only one India, what is oft ignored is that it is an amalgamation of different cultures and races. So in order to tackle the crisis one needs to have a sound understanding of the nuances and intricacies of the region and formulate pragmatic solutions addressing inclusive growth. iii. Instead of participating in the mainstream lamentation for the alienation of North East, it would be better suited if this very isolation from urbanization is enforced upon as a stepping stone to a new era of sustainable industrialization on economic, social and ecological grounds. Tourism and Handicraft should be promoted while not exploiting the biodiversity. Traditional agriculture practice should be fused with modern processing industries and world class connectivity. iv. The sentiments of the North Easterns should be respected, it is high time the deplorable racism faced by them stops with immediate effect. It must be made clear to all Indians, that the tibeto-monoloids and protomongoloids are not Chinese. The solutions are not imposing martial law or levying high fines but are a one of social incorporation and acceptance. v. If a country doesn't recognize minority rights and human rights, one will have a kind of stability and prosperity that is based on shaky foundations.The onus for inclusive growth of North East lies on the sociologists, educationists and administrators but this ship has to be stirred by politicians donning the roles of captain. vi. Rather of the apple to fall on your head climb the tree and pluck it instead. DON’T WAIT. THE TIME WILL NEVER BE JUST RIGHT.
  12. 12. REFERENCES  http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.60.3156  http://databank.nedfi.com/content/north-east-india  http://www.mdoner.gov.in/content/industrial-growth-rate  http://isikkim.com/northeast-seven-sisters-one-brother-and-a-step-mother290111/  http://archive.tehelka.com/story_main41.asp?filename=Agatha_Sangma.asp  http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=mar2112/at044  http://in.news.yahoo.com/lack-infrastructure-not-sports-talent-northeast-073452951.html  3rd North East and East Power Summit 2010, PwC-ICC  Load Generation Balance Report 2012-13, CEA  Annual Report 2010-11, CEA

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