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  1. 1. Realizing the Growth Potential of North East “ There are challenges… but also immense opportunity. ” -Sir James Bevan, on North-East India • Nitin Kumar • Rahul Anand • Prateek Jajodia • Pushpesh Kumar• Nilesh Chaubey Team PURUSHARTH :
  2. 2. THE PERFECT BLEND OF SUNRISE STATES  High Literacy Rate: The states of North East enjoy high literacy rates compared to India as a nation, showing that the people are inclined to modern means of education.  Rich in Minerals and Water Resources:  Facilitates power generation in huge amounts  High scope for industrialization. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Literacy Rate Literacy… MANTHAN '13
  3. 3.  Tourism: North East provides huge scope for tourism and attracts the largest number of Nature Tours in the country. The recently held International Tourism Mart (1st) in Guwahati, clearly shows how much potential North East has, especially in Tourism.  Agriculture: Hilly terrain and heavy rainfall perfectly suits the cultivation of cash crops like Tea, enabling Assam to be the highest exporter of tea in the world.  International Trade: It shares International borders with countries like Myanmar, Bangladesh etc. which gives an opportunity for large scale international trade and development of foreign currency. 0 20 40 60 % import from India % import from India MANTHAN '13
  4. 4. • More than 50 active armed groups. Eg- ULFA. • Demand of separate Nation Land. Internal Security • Bangladeshi infiltration. • Chinese invasion over the local matters. Silent Demographic Invasion • HIV, Drugs, narcotics & human trafficking • Large number of trained professionals left unemployed. Unstable Social Life • Poor connectivity with rest of the country. • Less contribution towards national GDP. Poor Infrastructure MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED BY THE POPULATION MANTHAN '13
  5. 5. • Nominal number of seats allotted in governing houses in spite of covering 8% of nation’s territorial area Participation in Parliament • Huge amount of flash floods due to hilly terrain • In major seismic prone zone, always a danger of earthquakes Geographical Catastrophies • Large number of natural resources lie unused & unearthed • Power generation capabilities not utilized to its optimum Hidden Capablities Lok Sabha Seats Rest of India North East India MANTHAN '13
  6. 6. • Mental isolation of population • Delayed and difficult physical linkage with the country • Rise in drugs trafficking and local consumption, Manipur is the worst hit. • Ethnic separatists widely dominant in area. • Scene identical to Latin America ; Situations going from bad to worst. • 99% of total boundary remains international; government focusing on national security instead of infrastructure. States Road density per 1000km Road density per 1000 people Arunachal Pradesh 196.96 9.77 Assam 1236.5 7.38 Manipur 739.11 6.98 Meghalaya 438.67 3.89 Mizoram 292.11 6.35 Nagaland 1045.32 10.27 Sikkim 263.95 3.17 Tripura 3026.23 9.09 India 1965.73 12.77 Road density,2008 Source: M/O ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS CHALLENGES DUE TO EXISTING PROBLEMS MANTHAN '13
  7. 7. PROPOSED SOLUTIONS Economic Development in terms of GDP , Per Capita Income. Implementation of “LOOK EAST” policy. Exclusive security oriented laws to be acquired by the Government. Slow and Sustained use of Natural Resources. “JOINING OF RIVERS” plan can tackle the flood situations. Development of tourism and social sector for d locals. Provisions to let enjoy the region mutually beneficial trade and investment. 2009- 10 2008- 09 2010- 11 0 5 10 15 20 GDP growth over recent years MANTHAN '13
  8. 8. Basic needs of the region which need to be reviewed by the Govt. Infrastructure Trade Security & Law • Industrial Trade • Cash crops • Ban on illegal trade • Insurgency control • Border disputes • Control on armed groups • Network of roadways • Building educational institutions. • Hospitals & basic needs • Opportunities for self employments MANTHAN '13
  9. 9. IMPACT OF THE PROPOSED SOLUTIONS Dominating Youth Power • Development of infrastructure. • Development of employment opportunities for trained youth • Providing self employment for the untrained youth population Less Wastage of Resources • Sustainable use of available resources. • River joining plans can tackle the effect of floods. Less threats over security concerns •Decrease in the infiltrations matters of Bangladesh and China. •Increase in concerns over local insurgents to join the main stream. Better Governance Improved Livings Better Connectivity with the society Growth options for the mass MANTHAN '13
  10. 10. DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION AS A ECO TOURISM DESTINATION • Tourism in India remains Nature oriented. • Availability of Eco tourism destinations in abundance. • Several tourist spots can be converted into world class tourist hubs:  Kaziranga Biodiversity  Vast Manas National Park  Tawang  Gangtok  Cherrapunji  Tea Gardens of Assam • Generation of more employment opportunities on a large scale • Industrialization will take a major boost resulting in overall sustenance in the region, hence economic growth, which ensures overall diversification of North East. MANTHAN '13
  11. 11. CHALLENGES TO THE PROPOSED SOLUTIONS: • Promised funding need to reach for the development of the north east from the Union Govt.  In 2011 Money Allotted for development of north east was ₹ 1867 cr.  Money spent for the development of north east was ₹ 524 cr. • Reach of the Local insurgents/ separatists forces to the grass root level. • Geographical barriers causing greats obstructions to infrastructural development. • Lack of educations and ununiformity among the ethnic tribes present in large diversity in the region. MITIGATION FACTORS: • Proper transparency over the transaction of funds between the Union Govt., State Govt. and Local Panchayats. • Deploying forces to unarm and remove the Local insurgents as well as empowering the local people with emergency booths and help lines, ensuring immediate action for the needy. • Employing Indian civil engineers to develop infrastructurally, hence removing geographical barriers as well as providing considerable employment to all sectors. • Educating ethnic tribes at grass root level, by selecting volunteers among the same tribe so language, creed and ethnicity will not be a barrier, ensuring education to all. MANTHAN '13
  12. 12.  Agriculture and Rural Development in N.E. India, ASCI Journal of Management 37(2)  3rd N.E. and East Power Summit ,2010  North Eastern Region- Vision 2020, Ministry of Development  Annual Report, 2009, Central Electricity Authority  North East Summit, 2013- Indian Chamber of Commerce  Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy 2007, Economic Intelligence Service 2005  Reserve Bank of India, 2005, Handbook of Statistics on Indian Economy. MANTHAN '13 APPENDIX