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  1. 1. “Empires of the Future are the Empires of the Mind” We would like to start our Presentation by Thanking Mr. Bill Gates. It is because of his Research and Innovation in the field of Computers that enabled us to work and participate in Manthan. We, as Humans, started from Stone Age trying to light a fire with rubbing stones. Today, we are in the 21st Century where you can even instruct a robot to do almost anything. I would give all my credit to Research and Innovation for acting as the main catalyst. Kanav Dev Gupta (Team Coordinator) Pranav Aggarwal Pooja Soni Saurabh Chawla Siddhanta Kumar GROUP NAME - PROMISING PIONEERS
  2. 2. India, despite being a hub of scientist and engineers lacks proper research & innovation centers and conventional indicators for measuring the level of innovation in the country, which is leading to migration of Indian human resource. India is loosing its rank on a global platform because of lack of research and innovation facilities. India’s contribution to R&I has dropped to only 3.5% and will falling if such a situation continuous. India is among the top 10 developing countries which adds to the importance of having proper research and innovation to solve the major problem of the Indian economy and hence forth contribute to economic growth. Research and innovation is the basic solution for all the other 13 major problems in India. India needs to channel the power of research and innovation to solve the problems of millions of people and offer them solutions that are sustainable and affordable. It is innovation as a platform, innovation in government, in education, in health services and agriculture that will lead to inclusive growth and appropriate.
  3. 3. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 INDIA CHINA USA JAPAN KOREAPatents per Million 5.1 100.7 707 1757 1428 Patents per Million According to the Graph, If we were to take the Ratios, India and china = 1:20 India and USA = 1:140 India and Japan =1:350 India and Korea = 1:285 The last Indian nobel laureate was in 2009 i.eShri Venkatraman Ramakrishnan for chemistry even though he was born in India but the citizen of USA and won the prize in USA only. Only 3 awards won by Indians in India and the research was conducted in India itself. Awards were won by :- Amartya Sen (1998 Economic Sciences) CV Raman (1930 Physics), Rabindranath Tagore (1913 Literature ) Nobel Prizes won by USA - 338 Nobel prizes won by UK - 100 India – 7
  4. 4. * Department of Space Ministry of Agriculture  Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizer  Ministry of Civil Aviation Ministry of Coal  Ministry of Commerce &Industry  Ministry of Communications & Information Tech.  Ministry of Defence  Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation  Ministry of Earth Sciences Ministry of Environment &Forests  Ministry of Health &Family  Ministry of Heavy Industry & Public Enterprises  Ministry of Information &Broadcasting  Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises  Ministry of Mines  Ministry of New & Renewable Energy  Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas  Ministry of Power  Ministry of Railways  Ministry of Road Transport &Highways  Ministry of Science &Technology  Ministry of Steel  Ministry of Textiles  Ministry of Water Resources
  5. 5. Policy Maker - All the policies related to the research and innovation projects would be monitored by the policy maker . Expert- The expert would manage all the other three segments . The expert would be someone who has contributed to the perspective field . Finance Advisor - All the decisions regarding the subsidies to be given would be innovated by the finance advisor. Legal Inspector - To prevent any violations in intellectual property laws , he would act as the link between the legal authority and the private organizations . Q) Why is there a need of department of Research and Innovation in each and every ministry? Ans) -Research and Innovation is a broad concept i.e. takes place in every field. -Ministries play an important role. Departments in all ministries will lead to focused attention to each and every ministry. - There is always a scope of innovation in every field , if not technological then maybe formulation of new important policies. - Distribution of burden and avoidance of chaos in all ministries. -Easier to keep a check and allocate money. A committee will be formed and headed by the Prime Minister of India. It will comprise of departments of Research and Innovation for every ministry and the Corporates. This committee will form a link and act as a regulatory body between these departments and the Corporates.
  6. 6. The Indian and Foreign Companies would voluntarily approach the committee, which in turn will allot them respective departments. Thereafter, the corporates and the respective departments of research and innovation would join hands and set up new research centres. Q) Why would the corporates join hands with the government? Ans) -Any royalty being received from a newly registered patent would not go to the government but completely to the corporates as the government is not working for a profit motive. -Government is providing incentives in the form of subsidies i.e. Lands in Special Economic Zones (SEZs) for the research centres and unskilled labour for construction. AMMENDMENTS IN THE INTELLECTUAL LAWS OF INDIA The current intellectual laws for registering a patent are time consuming and lack scientific methods. Moreover, any complaint filed regarding these issues go to the consumer court where there is no enforcement of the judgments. This is a major reason why private Indian and Foreign organizations hesitate to carry on their research projects in India. The amendments should be :  Any complaint regarding misuse and counterfeiting of patents should be directly taken to the Criminal court instead of consumer court. benefit- the verdict would be a legal obligation .Moreover it would fasten the whole legal process .  The whole process of registering patents should be simplified . There should be another expert body consisting of Economists, Retired judges and socialists who have some legal authority to keep a check on the current government body looking into the issue As the expert body consist of economists retired judges and socialists there would be a dual advantage: -  Lesser corruption .  Efficient decision making process internally
  7. 7. The Prime Minister of India will form a Committee of Research and Innovation for The Implementation of the Solution.  Firstly, the committee will introduce a bill to set up Departments of Research and Innovation in respective Ministries, the cabinet ministers being head of these departments and hence being a part of the committee.  An invite would be sent to all prospective private Indian and foreign organization to be a part of the committee and build new research centers to carry out research and innovation in India.  Thereafter, the Departments of Research and Innovation of respective cabinet ministries will join hands with the prospective private organization and set up new research centers.  The funds required to set up these research centers will be generated by private organization or foreign organizations with the help of government subsidies like land in Special Economic Zones(SEZs) and unskilled labor for construction. PLACEMENT CELL Placement cell is a new initiative by the committee of research and innovation to employ capable Indian human resource to the new research centers.  The placement cell would recruit university graduates and experienced researchers through a scrutinization process.  It will conduct regular seminars at different universities enlightening the importance of research and innovation NEW EDUCATION POLICY Department of Research and Innovation under the Ministry of Education would introduce a new education policy enlightening the importance of scientific training and practical application in schools and colleges. Objectives of the new education policy :-  Amend the concept of rote learning and introduce scientific training in all educational institutions.  Introduction of new optional subject of research in colleges.  Conducting frequent research and innovation based competitions at the state and national level.  Encouraging foreign institutions to carry out research and innovations seminars in Indian institutions . The Universities Research and Innovation Bill, 2012 (introduced but not yet passed) aims at set up universities for research through notifications. These universities will be enabled to emerge as hubs of education, research and innovation. They may also establish campuses in foreign countries. The objectives are as follows :-  To aspire for attaining the pinnacle of knowledge by innovations in design;  To attempt through research to provide a path for mankind free from deprivation;  To provide society with innovators to meet its knowledge needs;  To be transparent in admission, appointment and academic evaluation;  To build linkages with research institutions and industry. The committee supports all the above stated point and believes that this bill is necessary for any developments in the field of research and innovation. This bill will act as catalyst for the implementation of our solution.
  8. 8. 4 Zonal Heads (North , South, East, West) 4 x 7 State Representatives Expert Committee Committee of R&I (Prime Minister) The committee of R & I seeks to form a Regulatory Authority to keep a check that the solution is working according to the plan. The regulatory authority is as follows: -  Each state will have its own expert committee recruited by the Committee of R & I . The expert committee will be the in charge of regulating the work of the research centres in its states.  The expert committee will be answerable to the state representatives i.e the chief minister of every state who will just have signing authority and its not allowed to make any amendments in the report submitted by the expert committee.  The state representatives will then submit the report to the respective zonal heads (North, south, east, west) who will study the report to check for any errors so as to submit it to the committee of research and innovation headed by the Prime Minister. EXPERT COMMITTEE  The expert committee will be employed by the Committee of R&I who will be experienced IAS and IPS officers with clean and healthy records.  The expert committee will be changed in every 5 years so as to avoid corruption. Any member of the expert committee if wants to be selected again needs to work hard and maintain good reputation. The expert committee will have a department whose focus would be to monitor the impact of the solution: -  The department would maintain the record of all the new patents registered.  The department would also be responsible to keep a record of the Indian human resource employed in the whole system Department of Regulation
  9. 9.  The subsidies that Government would grant in the form of land to form new SEZs may lead to unsatisfaction among the farmers in the present scenario.  The tender the government would pass to allocate unskilled labor for development of new research centres would be given to private sector .As we know, there is social injustice in the informal sector it and there is no transparency in the wages paid to the labors so this might lead in satisfaction among labors.  The bill regarding the formation of departments in every ministry and the subsidies the government has to allot may be opposed by the political bodies.  The new education policy that has to be passed under the department of research and innovation of ministry of education may be criticized by the supporters of the current Indian education system.  The amendments to be made in the current intellectual law of India may be criticized by the political bodies as it requires the change from consumer court to criminal court and a whole new expert body to look after the current government department involved.  Government may find it vague or impractical to allocate a large amount of fund on opening new departments in ministries , placement cell , expert committee and other small bodies . SOCIAL,POLITICAL, LEGAL AND ECONOMICAL CHALLENGES 1. A small body comprising of 10 members headed by a government official maybe formed. It would have two major functions: - To ensure the compensation amount that the government would pay to the farmers should be fair and moreover convince and treat the farmers with imp so that they don’t feel that the government is domination or exploiting their rights.  The body would directly appoint the labors without any mediators and ensure social justice and fair wages to the labor. 2. The new education policy is the base to promote research and innovation as it focuses on the importance of practical application and gives the correct intellect needed for the youth . Henceforth , the policy has to be implemented . Government should take required measures to convince the majority of people against the policy . 3. Violation of intellectual property rights is one of the major reasons which is acting as barrier to promote research & innovation . Neccessary changes have to be made . If the leagal system doesnt want to interfere with the current laws then maybe a new law be launched but the aim of the ammenmend has to be fulfilled to reach the desired goal . 4. Overall india's expenditure on research and innovation is already very low . Except for the Bio technology india lacks in almost all the other research fields . Moreover the solution given is providing a base for all the other 13 major problems faced by the country , basically the government is allocating a small amount at one place inspite of spending 13 different sectors . SOLUTIONS
  10. 10. Books Referred: • Research Methodology – Methods and Techniques by C.R. Kothari . • India Inside: The Emerging Innovation Challenge to the West by Nirmalya Kumar and Phanish Puranam . • Universities for Research and Innovation Bill 2012. • The Hindu’s Business Line Articles. • Innovation in India – National Knowledge Commission. • • - The Society for Innovation and Development (SID) • India's Changing Innovation System - The National Academies Press