“Empires of the Future are the
Empires of the Mind”
We would like to start our Presentation by Thanking Mr. Bill Gates. It is because of his
Research and Innovation in the field of Computers that enabled us to work and
participate in Manthan.
We, as Humans, started from Stone Age trying to light a fire with rubbing stones.
Today, we are in the 21st Century where you can even instruct a robot to do almost
I would give all my credit to Research and Innovation for acting as the main catalyst.
Kanav Dev Gupta (Team Coordinator)
GROUP NAME -
India, despite being a hub of scientist
and engineers lacks proper research &
innovation centers and conventional
indicators for measuring the level of
innovation in the country, which is
leading to migration of Indian human
India is loosing its rank on a
global platform because of lack
of research and innovation
facilities. India’s contribution
to R&I has dropped to only
3.5% and will falling if such a
India is among the top 10 developing
countries which adds to the
importance of having proper research
and innovation to solve the major
problem of the Indian economy and
hence forth contribute to economic
Research and innovation is the basic solution for all the other 13 major problems in India.
India needs to channel the power of research and innovation to solve the problems of
millions of people and offer them solutions that are sustainable and affordable. It is
innovation as a platform, innovation in government, in education, in health services and
agriculture that will lead to inclusive growth and appropriate.
INDIA CHINA USA JAPAN KOREAPatents per Million 5.1 100.7 707 1757 1428
Patents per Million
According to the Graph, If we were to
take the Ratios,
India and china = 1:20
India and USA = 1:140
India and Japan =1:350
India and Korea = 1:285
The last Indian nobel laureate was in
2009 i.eShri Venkatraman
Ramakrishnan for chemistry even
though he was born in India but the
citizen of USA and won the prize in
Only 3 awards won by Indians in India and
the research was conducted in India itself.
Awards were won by :-
Amartya Sen (1998 Economic Sciences)
CV Raman (1930 Physics),
Rabindranath Tagore (1913 Literature )
Nobel Prizes won by USA - 338
Nobel prizes won by UK - 100
India – 7
Department of Space
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizer
Ministry of Civil Aviation
Ministry of Coal
Ministry of Commerce &Industry
Ministry of Communications &
Ministry of Defence
Ministry of Drinking Water and
Ministry of Earth Sciences
Ministry of Environment &Forests
Ministry of Health &Family
Ministry of Heavy Industry & Public
Ministry of Information
Ministry of Micro, Small and
Ministry of Mines
Ministry of New & Renewable
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas
Ministry of Power
Ministry of Railways
Ministry of Road Transport
Ministry of Science &Technology
Ministry of Steel
Ministry of Textiles
Ministry of Water Resources
Policy Maker - All the policies related to
the research and innovation projects would
be monitored by the policy maker .
Expert- The expert would manage all the
other three segments . The expert would be
someone who has contributed to the
perspective field .
Finance Advisor - All the decisions
regarding the subsidies to be given would be
innovated by the finance advisor.
Legal Inspector - To prevent any violations
in intellectual property laws , he would act
as the link between the legal authority and
the private organizations .
Q) Why is there a need of department of
Research and Innovation in each and every
Ans) -Research and Innovation is a broad
concept i.e. takes place in every field.
-Ministries play an important role. Departments
in all ministries will lead to focused attention to
each and every ministry.
- There is always a scope of innovation in every
field , if not technological then maybe
formulation of new important policies.
- Distribution of burden and avoidance of chaos
in all ministries.
-Easier to keep a check and allocate money.
A committee will be formed and headed by
the Prime Minister of India. It will comprise
of departments of Research and Innovation
for every ministry and the Corporates. This
committee will form a link and act as a
regulatory body between these
departments and the Corporates.
The Indian and Foreign Companies would voluntarily
approach the committee, which in turn will allot
them respective departments. Thereafter, the
corporates and the respective departments of
research and innovation would join hands and set up
new research centres.
Q) Why would the corporates join hands with the
Ans) -Any royalty being received from a newly
registered patent would not go to the government
but completely to the corporates as the government
is not working for a profit motive.
-Government is providing incentives in the form of
subsidies i.e. Lands in Special Economic Zones (SEZs)
for the research centres and unskilled labour for
AMMENDMENTS IN THE INTELLECTUAL LAWS OF INDIA
The current intellectual laws for registering a patent are time consuming and lack scientific methods. Moreover, any complaint filed
regarding these issues go to the consumer court where there is no enforcement of the judgments. This is a major reason why
private Indian and Foreign organizations hesitate to carry on their research projects in India.
The amendments should be :
Any complaint regarding misuse and counterfeiting of patents should be directly taken to the Criminal court instead of consumer
benefit- the verdict would be a legal obligation .Moreover it would fasten the whole legal process .
The whole process of registering patents should be simplified . There should be another expert body consisting of
Economists, Retired judges and socialists who have some legal authority to keep a check on the current government body looking
into the issue
As the expert body consist of economists retired judges and socialists there would be a dual advantage: -
Lesser corruption .
Efficient decision making process internally
The Prime Minister of India will form a Committee of Research and
Innovation for The Implementation of the Solution.
Firstly, the committee will introduce a bill to set up Departments of
Research and Innovation in respective Ministries, the cabinet
ministers being head of these departments and hence being a part of
An invite would be sent to all prospective private Indian and
foreign organization to be a part of the committee and build new
research centers to carry out research and innovation in India.
Thereafter, the Departments of Research and Innovation of
respective cabinet ministries will join hands with the prospective
private organization and set up new research centers.
The funds required to set up these research centers will be
generated by private organization or foreign organizations with the
help of government subsidies like land in Special Economic
Zones(SEZs) and unskilled labor for construction.
Placement cell is a new initiative by the
committee of research and innovation to employ
capable Indian human resource to the new
The placement cell would recruit university
graduates and experienced researchers through a
It will conduct regular seminars at different
universities enlightening the importance of
research and innovation
NEW EDUCATION POLICY
Department of Research and Innovation under the Ministry of
Education would introduce a new education policy enlightening the
importance of scientific training and practical application in schools
Objectives of the new education policy :-
Amend the concept of rote learning and introduce scientific
training in all educational institutions.
Introduction of new optional subject of research in colleges.
Conducting frequent research and innovation based competitions
at the state and national level.
Encouraging foreign institutions to carry out research and
innovations seminars in Indian institutions .
The Universities Research and Innovation Bill, 2012 (introduced
but not yet passed) aims at set up universities for research through
notifications. These universities will be enabled to emerge as hubs
of education, research and innovation. They may also establish
campuses in foreign countries. The objectives are as follows :-
To aspire for attaining the pinnacle of knowledge by innovations
To attempt through research to provide a path for mankind free
To provide society with innovators to meet its knowledge needs;
To be transparent in admission, appointment and
To build linkages with research institutions and industry.
The committee supports all the above stated point and believes that
this bill is necessary for any developments in the field of research
and innovation. This bill will act as catalyst for the implementation
of our solution.
4 Zonal Heads
(North , South, East, West)
4 x 7 State
Committee of R&I
The committee of R & I seeks to form a Regulatory Authority to keep a check that the
solution is working according to the plan. The regulatory authority is as follows: -
Each state will have its own expert committee recruited by the Committee of R & I .
The expert committee will be the in charge of regulating the work of the research centres
in its states.
The expert committee will be answerable to the state representatives i.e the chief
minister of every state who will just have signing authority and its not allowed to make
any amendments in the report submitted by the expert committee.
The state representatives will then submit the report to the respective zonal heads
(North, south, east, west) who will study the report to check for any errors so as to
submit it to the committee of research and innovation headed by the Prime Minister.
The expert committee will be employed by the Committee of R&I who will be
experienced IAS and IPS officers with clean and healthy records.
The expert committee will be changed in every 5 years so as to avoid corruption.
Any member of the expert committee if wants to be selected again needs to work
hard and maintain good reputation.
The expert committee will have a department whose focus would be to monitor
the impact of the solution: -
The department would maintain the record of all the new patents registered.
The department would also be responsible to keep a record of the Indian human
resource employed in the whole system
Department of Regulation
The subsidies that Government would grant in the form
of land to form new SEZs may lead to unsatisfaction among
the farmers in the present scenario.
The tender the government would pass to allocate
unskilled labor for development of new research centres
would be given to private sector .As we know, there is
social injustice in the informal sector it and there is no
transparency in the wages paid to the labors so this might
lead in satisfaction among labors.
The bill regarding the formation of departments in every
ministry and the subsidies the government has to allot may
be opposed by the political bodies.
The new education policy that has to be passed under
the department of research and innovation of ministry of
education may be criticized by the supporters of the
current Indian education system.
The amendments to be made in the current intellectual
law of India may be criticized by the political bodies as it
requires the change from consumer court to criminal court
and a whole new expert body to look after the current
government department involved.
Government may find it vague or impractical to allocate
a large amount of fund on opening new departments in
ministries , placement cell , expert committee and other
small bodies .
SOCIAL,POLITICAL, LEGAL AND
1. A small body comprising of 10 members headed by a government
official maybe formed. It would have two major functions: -
To ensure the compensation amount that the government would pay
to the farmers should be fair and moreover convince and treat the
farmers with imp so that they don’t feel that the government is
domination or exploiting their rights.
The body would directly appoint the labors without any mediators
and ensure social justice and fair wages to the labor.
2. The new education policy is the base to promote research and
innovation as it focuses on the importance of practical application and
gives the correct intellect needed for the youth . Henceforth , the policy
has to be implemented . Government should take required measures to
convince the majority of people against the policy .
3. Violation of intellectual property rights is one of the major reasons
which is acting as barrier to promote research & innovation . Neccessary
changes have to be made . If the leagal system doesnt want to interfere
with the current laws then maybe a new law be launched but the aim of
the ammenmend has to be fulfilled to reach the desired goal .
4. Overall india's expenditure on research and innovation is already very
low . Except for the Bio technology india lacks in almost all the other
research fields . Moreover the solution given is providing a base for all
the other 13 major problems faced by the country , basically the
government is allocating a small amount at one place inspite of spending
13 different sectors .
• Research Methodology – Methods and Techniques by C.R. Kothari .
• India Inside: The Emerging Innovation Challenge to the West by Nirmalya
Kumar and Phanish Puranam .
• Universities for Research and Innovation Bill 2012.
• The Hindu’s Business Line Articles.
• Innovation in India – National Knowledge Commission.
• sid.iisc.ernet.in - The Society for Innovation and
• India's Changing Innovation System - The National