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1Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
Manthan Topic: Fairness at Play
“Horizon 2014”
Introducing Electoral Reforms To Reduce The...
2Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
Why India Urgently Needs An Electoral Reform???
The evolution of the party system
after In...
3Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
Financing of election
exceeding the legal limit.
Criminalization of politics.
Booth cap...
4Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
Influence of Muscle Power
Year of
Lok Sabha
Election
Expenditure Incurred
(Provisional)
(i...
184
131
108
43
29
19
9 6 8
1 3 1 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 24
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
Winners
5Prayagraj ...
Total
Candidates
543*7 =
3801
Total Expenses in
Canvassing
3801*40,00,000 = Rs.
15,20,40,00,000
Total Savings
Rs.
15,20,40...
7Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
Statistics of youth migrated to
far away cities for study &
work
Cause
Earning livelihood,...
8Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
Advantages
over
Existing System
• Citizens who are unable to cast their vote due to distan...
9Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
Adopting 49-O in General Election
Rule 49-O of the Conduct
of Elections Rules, 1961,
provi...
10Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
1. Time and money are the basic constraints of government for making smart voter
identifi...
11Prayagraj Express
Horizon 2014
1. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/Contesting.aspx
2. http://eci.gov.in/eci_main1/expenditure...
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PrayagrajExpress

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PrayagrajExpress

  1. 1. 1Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 Manthan Topic: Fairness at Play “Horizon 2014” Introducing Electoral Reforms To Reduce The Influence Of Money And Muscle Power In Politics Team Members: 1. Ravi Chaudhary (Team Coordinator) 2. Paras Bhardwaj 3. Richa Sharma 4. Khyati Singh 5. Aditya Kumar Gautam Team: Prayagraj Express (Non-Stop ALD to NDLS)
  2. 2. 2Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 Why India Urgently Needs An Electoral Reform??? The evolution of the party system after Independence presents transformation from one-party dominant system to a complex of multi-party configuration. Casteism, communalism and personality domination have been the main planks around which the fragmentation of political parties has taken place. The current political system reflects the fashion of fragmentation, factionalism, casteism, communal politics and regionalism. The system strongly shows a tendency to form opportunistic alliances for seeking a share in the pie of power, irrespective of any strong ideological or programmatic commitments. Muscle Power Money Power
  3. 3. 3Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 Financing of election exceeding the legal limit. Criminalization of politics. Booth capturing. Intimidation of voters. Buying voters. Tampered electoral rolls. Large scale rigging of elections. Abuse of caste in enlistment of voters. Non participation of the literate and educated class in the elections. Mafia influence in the elections. Financial barriers preventing common man to participate in politics. Role of Money & Muscle Power reduces government‘s accountability. Legislature is one of the three pillars of our constitution; any flaw in it dismantles the system as a whole. Geographical and time constraints hindering people from casting votes.  The very essence of democracy “Of the people, By the people & For the people” is challenged as welfare of the common man is ignored.
  4. 4. 4Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 Influence of Muscle Power Year of Lok Sabha Election Expenditure Incurred (Provisional) (in Rs.Crores) Percentage (%) Increase in Expenditure 1952 10.5 - 1957 5.9 -43.54 1962 7.3 24.07 1967 10.8 47.50 1971 11.6 7.52 1977 23.0 98.44 1980 54.8 137.77 1984 81.5 48.82 1989 154.2 89.20 1991 359.1 132.85 1996 597.3 66.34 1998 666.2 11.53 1999 880.0 32.09 2004 1300.0 47.73 Source: http://eci.gov.in/eci_main1/expenditurel_loksabha.aspx Lok Sabha Election Expenditure Year of LS Election: 2009 Candidates Winning % Contested Winners With Pending Criminal Cases 1158 162 13.99 Without Criminal Cases 6912 381 5.51 Influence of Money Power Year of LS Election: 2009 Candidates Winning % Contested Winners With Asset > Rs 1 Crore 1249 315 25.22 With Asset < Rs 1 Crore 6821 228 3.34 Source: Candidates' affidavit with nomination papers from www.adrindia.org, http://myneta.info , adr@adrindia.org In spite of spending such huge amount of money by our government, the national politics is still tainted by politicians with criminal backgrounds and records
  5. 5. 184 131 108 43 29 19 9 6 8 1 3 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 24 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Winners 5Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014Asset position in constituency among candidates and their winning statistics in Lok Sabha Election 2009 Asset position in constituency among candidates NumberofWinners Positionin constituency based on assets Total winners % of winners 1 184 34% 2 131 24% 3 108 20% 4 43 8% 5 29 5% 6 19 3% 7 9 2% 8 6 1% 9 8 1% 10 1 0% 11 3 1% 12 1 0% 24 1 0% Total 543 100% Source: National level analysis for Lok Sabha 2009 Elections from http://adrindia.org Statistics clearly shows that MONEY has a direct influence on winning rate in latest Lok Sabha Elections. Now the basic question that arises is “How can a New Breed of Youth not belonging to the Financially Rich Aristocratic Class enters into Politics?”
  6. 6. Total Candidates 543*7 = 3801 Total Expenses in Canvassing 3801*40,00,000 = Rs. 15,20,40,00,000 Total Savings Rs. 15,20,40,00,000 6Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 BenefitsExecution StrategyIdea Universal Canvassing A common canvassing for all candidates of one constituency by Election Commission displaying Photo, Party Symbol & brief Profile highlighting his major Achievements/Awards & proved Crimes of candidates of that electorate through Print & Electronic Media & “NO” individual canvassing by candidates through Print Media. • Will save National Capital & hence suppress the influence of money by rich candidates in election campaign. • Will create awareness among public which in turn will promote normal youth into our democracy. Politics a Career The myth of considering Politics a place “only for mafias” in present society should be erased from the mind of common men through mandatory political/civics education at college level & a fix reservation for youth in our political system on merit or entrance basis. Generation of curiosity, passion & awareness among youth which in turn will inculcate new leaders & new ideas in our society leading to a transparent political system. Rough analysis of Saving as per Rs. 40 lack limit set by EC for canvassing in 2014 election, considering 7 candidates contesting per Lok Sabha seat
  7. 7. 7Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 Statistics of youth migrated to far away cities for study & work Cause Earning livelihood, job search/transfer, higher studies, marriage etc are the major factors promoting a large proportion of our adult population to migrate from their constituency to a distant location. Effect A high % of our accountable population who is literate & educate is unable to participate in voting due to geographical barrier between their normal place of living & their native place where they are enrolled for voting. Migrants Numbers Inter-district 74,626,322 Inter-state 41,166,265 Total 115,792,587 Millions of migrants far away from their constituency ! We can resolve this issue by introducing a pan India ultra secured voting system which increase our voters to a certain level. This constitutes 11.26% of total census_2001 population (1,028,610,328) It can be assumed that a large number of these migrants are unable to cast there votes. Source: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Online_Migration/Reason_for_migration.aspx
  8. 8. 8Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 Advantages over Existing System • Citizens who are unable to cast their vote due to distant barrier at present can use their “Right to Vote” throughout the country. • Participation of migrant will increase which in turn will neutralize the influence of muscle & money power in election. • Govt employees engaged in election duty can also cast their vote easily. • Biometric signature will completely eliminate the practice of fake votes & concept of booth capturing. Implementation of Technologically Advanced Model • Creation of “Smart Voter Id Card”, unique for all citizens, with inbuilt electronic chip storing his biometric signature & information of the constituency from which the citizen belongs. • At Election booth his voter card will be scanned by machine which will direct him to his constituency portal. Then he need to verify his biometric signature in order to vote. • Voters will use a Touch-Sensitive Electronic Pad to confirm their vote. After confirmation, the electronic vote will be encrypted and randomly stored in the memory of Central Server for voting at the office of Chief Election Commissioner. Vision • Implementing a Central Election System where a citizen can cast vote even if he is at a far away location from his constituency, but within our country, through Ultra Secured Cyber System.
  9. 9. 9Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 Adopting 49-O in General Election Rule 49-O of the Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961, provides that if an elector goes to the polling station and decides not to vote, the Presiding /Polling officer will record the entry in the register of voters and take the signature / thumb impression of the elector concerned. The voter then leave the polling station without voting any candidate. • Present procedure under Rule 49-O reveal the decision & identity of the elector not voting for any candidate to those present in polling station including polling agents. • Elector’s vote is considered invalid under law & not against any/all candidate. If the Reject Vote is maximum then all the candidates should loose that election and those candidates having vote upto 67% (say) of Reject Vote should not be allowed to stand again in reelection for next 5 years. Present Existing System leaves voter with only two choices 1. Either select any one existing politician (how so ever corrupt he/she may be). 2. Do not even exercise his “Right to Vote”. Proposed Touch- Sensitive Electronic Pad or EVM should be equipped with an additional button on voting pad at the end of list. This button signifies the “Reject All”, where clicking on this button will log a buffer vote which will be against all candidates. What is 49-O Present Problems How to Implement Proposed Solution
  10. 10. 10Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 1. Time and money are the basic constraints of government for making smart voter identification card of whole population. 2. Universal canvassing will impose extra burden on Election Commission. 3. Existing political system may show lack of determination to implement these reforms. 1. Initial investment of time and money will be more fruitful for decades than small short term vested investments. Smart Voter ID card with Biometrics can be clubbed with UIDAI Aadhar Card/Smart Card. 2. Can be possible with reducing the maximum expenditure limit of contestants and with charging additional certain amount of registration fee to all contestants. 3. Big time , 65 % of India’s population is youth , the chair holders should themselves promote this change that leads to a prosperous country. Implementation Challenges Mitigation Factors
  11. 11. 11Prayagraj Express Horizon 2014 1. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/Contesting.aspx 2. http://eci.gov.in/eci_main1/expenditurel_loksabha.aspx 3. http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/current/Rule_49o.pdf 4. National level analysis for Lok Sabha 2009 Elections from http://adrindia.org 5. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Online_ Migration/Reason_for_migration.aspx 6. Candidates' affidavit with nomination papers from www.adrindia.org, http://myneta.info , adr@adrindia.org References:

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