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  1. 1. Manthan topic: Stepping stones-Enhancing the quality of primary education Building Foundation: An intensive project towards upliftment of the quality of primary education in Govt. schools Team details: P.Amala Pavan Tulsija Prasanth pinaka Tejinder Kaur Anmol Engandula
  2. 2. More than 96% of all children are enrolled in school, despite this many children are not acquiring even basic abilities in reading and arithmetic. Disconcerting characteristics of primary education in India: •Attendance: While enrolment rates are high, attendance patterns of teachers and children vary considerably. Hypothesis- Problem with attendance and not enrollment of students and teachers. •Timetable: Students in schools with a timetable being followed, perform better than students in schools without a timetable being followed. Hypothesis- Timetable is a must for better learning outcome. •Facilities: The RTE act prescribes certain guidelines in terms of facilities that are a must for any primary school. These are not being always met. Hypothesis- Emphasis on meeting RTE guidelines. •Teaching methodology: Incompetence of teachers, & children being put in grades as per their age and not their ability, are deterring against the success of primary educational efforts. Hypothesis- Teaching methodologies have to be changed completely with more emphasis on assigning grades as per ability and not age.
  3. 3. • District level advertising of need for qualified teachers for the task. • Qualifications: B-Ed. Degree with 5 years experience, or no B-Ed. Degree but with 10 years experience. • Organization of a team of 5 teachers per district. District wise recruitment of qualified teachers across the country. • A camp of 5 schools being organized, for a period of 2 weeks for both students and teachers. • Students to be sorted out as per ability, and not age through various standardized tests. • Teachers to be trained for better teaching methodologies and competency. Intensive educational camps being conducted at district level aimed at revamping the existing teaching methodology • A more intensive approach without loosing its effectiveness. • Much more defined therefore the efforts are more concentrated. • A short term investment with long term effects. Advantage over existing efforts An intensive all India education program which aims at completely revamping the education system of Government schools.
  4. 4. At the district level, competent people will be asked to apply for the job Advertising for teachers for the task • Qualifications- A B-Ed. Degree with 5 years experience, or any other graduation degree but with 10 year experience in teaching profession. • Screening test to check their competence. Selection of the team through a standardized process They are to be explained the purpose behind these camps, and the entire working process. Job orientation This team of 5 will conduct camps in their respective districts, with 5 schools per camp. These camps will aim at sorting out students as per their ability instead of age, and also teacher training towards more effective teaching methodology. All the schools are divided into groups of 5 as per their proximity from each other. These 5 schools are put through a camp of 2 weeks each, where both the students and the teachers are dealt with. The morning session will deal with the sorting of students as per their ability instead of age (as is the current norm), based on the results of a standardized test the students are put through. The afternoon session will aim at teacher training, where the teachers are trained towards better transaction of education, and are encouraged to adopt creative, unorthodox yet effective teaching methods. We will recruit a team of 5 competent and experienced teachers for every district across the nation.
  5. 5. Morning session Target audience: The students Aim: Sorting of students as per their ability instead of age. • A standardized test designed specially for each grade is conducted for all the students. • As per the results of this test the students are grouped as per their ability and irrespective of their age. • This so formed group is assigned a grade corresponding to their ability, and taught in accordance. • The teachers will be instructed to give more attention to the students who do not have skills enough to be in their age appropriate grade, so that they can catch up. Afternoon session Target audience: The teachers Aim: Training of teachers in better transaction methods of education. • Teachers are trained to explain the concepts better, using common place examples and creative methods. • They would be trained and encouraged to empathize with the student, in order to understand their psychology and deal with them better. • Some new teaching methods- 1. Group activities 2.Field trips 3.Visual aids eg- puppet shows Function details of the camp
  6. 6. Logistics involved in the proposed solution Taking Warangal district as an example: (174 Govt. schools) 174 schools are to be divided into groups of 5 schools each, as per zones. Therefore, 35 groups of 5schools each. Each of these groups is put through a camp of 2 weeks. Therefore, 70 weeks per district implying that a maximum of 2 years can be allotted for the completion of the whole project across the nation, as all the districts will be handled simultaneously. State level supervision of the project through reports sent in by each team, and the Govt. officials involved District level teams working on each group send in reports of their work. Govt. officials already involved in the inspection of the school system make regular checks and submit reports. Union level supervision of the project through reports sent in by the state. (Union minister for HRD, & the national advisory council) Supervision of the solution’s working:
  7. 7. Budget plan: Taking Warangal district as an example (174 Govt. schools) A salary of INR 1500/- for each team member per school. That amounts to INR 7500/- per camp. That is a total expenditure of 87.2 cr approx. in the form of salaries. That amounts to a lucrative salary of INR 2.6 lakhs approx. in a duration of 2 years. That is a mere 0.15% of the current education budget. That amounts to a district wise budget allocation of INR 2.6 lakhs approx. Since the premises for the camp will be the school campus closest too all the other 4 schools in the group, a huge amount of money can be saved in that aspect . Any additional cost can be accommodated within the total INR 100 crore that we propose be allotted for this project.
  8. 8. • Availability of qualified team members in every district Since the qualification are minimal with extremely lucrative pay it should not be a hassle to attract people. • A demotion may demoralize a student The visiting team would train the school teachers to be able to support and empathize with such students. • Exceeding the allocated budget The proposed budget is a minimal amount for a solution of such a large scale, thus even if exceed by 20-30%, it can be entertained as long as it can be accounted for. • Corruption and bureaucratic control The funds which are to be allocated district wise by the state are to be made public in explicit detail as to their purpose. Furthermore a website and a helpline would be made active for every state, for any queries and grievances ensuring greater transparency. • Absenteeism of school teachers from the camp The camp is to be made mandatory for the teachers, and absentees should be dealt with strictly. • Absenteeism of team members The team members would be allotted a fixed no of holidays exceeding which they will be penalized. Furthermore their attendance shall be directly reported to the State(Minister for education), and would be dealt with strictly. Socio-economical-political challenges • The helpline is a good way of mitigating many probable problems. • Reports being drafted and submitted by the team on each group they handle, and also by the Govt. officials responsible for inspection. • A good supervision of the project at both the state level, and the union level. Mitigation
  9. 9. • No vernacular language problems will be encountered since the team will be from that very district, therefore increasing effectiveness of the camp. • Since the team would be from that very district, they would be able to come up with better solutions for local problems. • It builds a foundation for the present education system to work on in order to aim higher and prosper. • Student absenteeism will decrease as the education process will become much more effective, interesting and fun. Better results will only encourage them to go to school regularly. • Teacher absenteeism will decrease as teaching will be more effective, thus improving their job satisfaction levels. • Better performance by the students will encourage both parents and students to continue their education, thus decreasing drop out rates. Impact
  10. 10. References sector-higher-education-allocation