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  1. 1. Co-ordinator:- Pankaj tiwari chandan kumar sharma manish chouhan mohammed anif manish vishvakarma
  2. 2. Major problems in INDIA :- • Enhancing the quality of primary education • Cast violence • Religion violence • Misuse of women laws • Illiteracy • Women’s abuse • Dowry system • Child labour • Population • Corruption • Poverty • Natural disaster • Economical condition • Terrorism
  3. 3. Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic. Literacy is the ability to read and write one's own name and further for knowledge and interest, write coherently, and think critically about the written word.
  4. 4. Some facts on education level in INDIA:- •Just one out of nine children finishing school joins a college. India has one of the lowest higher education enrollment ratio of 11 per cent. In the US it is 83 per cent. •Over-regulation by the government and a multiplicity of agencies have seen higher education stagnate and corruption become institutionalized. •Shortage of teachers was endemic with even the IITs reporting a 20 to 30 per cent shortfall in faculty. •58% of children do not complete primary education in India. •40% of standard five students in rural India cannot solve simple two-digit subtractions. •The ASER report also estimates that only 50% of rural children enrolled in standard five can fluently read a standard two text book.
  5. 5. Overview on education in INDIA:- India has made progress in terms of increasing the primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately three quarters of the population .India‘s improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India .Much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research, has been credited to various public institutions. The private education market in India was 5% and in terms of value was estimated to be worth US$40 billion in 2008 but had increased to US$68–70 billion by 2012. As per the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2012, 96.5% of all rural children between the ages of 6-14 were enrolled in school. This is the fourth annual survey to report enrollment above 96%. 83% of all rural 15-16 year olds were enrolled in school. However, going forward, India will need to focus more on quality. Gross enrollment at the tertiary level has crossed 20% (as per an Ernst & Young Report cited in Jan 2013 in Education News/minglebox.com) As per the latest (2013) report issued by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), there are more than 3524 diploma and post-diploma offering institutions in the country with an annual intake capacity of over 1.2 million. The AICTE also reported 3495 degree-granting engineering colleges in India with an annual student intake capacity of over 1.76 million with actual enrollment crossing 1.2 million..
  6. 6. Overview:- The quota system has helped nobody. It has corrupted and divided our society even more. It is a monster that is slowly killing our society. Quality has gone downhill and is almost zero in this country. Most of the graduates who avail of quota are sadly lacking in quality and whereas this may be still be accepted in arts it cannot and should not be accepted in any other field especially medicine and engineering. Merit and merit alone should be the deciding factor for a seat in our academic institutes. •QUOTA system in India is based on caste system but I feel it should be based on economic condition of a family .Indian government did try a lot to assess who actually belong to economically backward classes .Now its high time that our government should try new methodology to solve problems regarding quota system •Successive governments have found out that the present quota system has not been able to achieve what it has been set up for. So why not just try to do away with it and try something new rather than to stick on to something which has not worked. Even the new system may have some irregularities, with people showing false economic status and salary certificates, but at least this will include the economically weaker people from all castes, rather than some castes or communities. •
  7. 7. Some challenges of education in INDIA OR solution should be taken:- •India's education system has not achieved strong learning outcomes for reasons that are as diverse and nuanced as the country itself. Inadequate Teacher Qualification and Support: Teachers working in primary schools across rural India have a difficult job. Dhir Jhingran, a senior civil servant in the Indian Administrative Service, with more than two decades of experience in rural primary education, explained the multiple challenges they face: "Teachers have to teach multiple grades, textbooks are pitched far above the comprehension level of students, and each classroom has children with different levels of learning achievements . In 2008-2009, on average, 45% of these teachers had not studied beyond the 12th grade. Low Teacher Motivation and High Absenteeism: A key factor affecting the quality of primary education appears to be low levels of teacher motivation . Indian primary-school teachers may not be underpaid, but some argue that they may be overworked . Another disheartening factor has been a highly bureaucratic administrative system that discourages bold decision making and makes implementation difficult. For example, as Jhingran observed, "it is difficult to test new practices on a small scale before rolling them out: If a new program has been developed, the philosophy is that every school must have it . Flawed Teaching Methodology: In India, rote learning has been institutionalized as a teaching methodology. "Primary school teachers in rural India often try to educate students by making them repeat sections of text over and over again," said Jhingran. Linguistic Diversity: Finally, India's linguistic diversity creates unique challenges for the nation's education system.
  8. 8. Impact of solution:- The higher education system in India has grown in a remarkable way, particularly in the post-independence period, to become one of the largest system of its kind in the world. However, the system has many issues of concern at present, like financing and management including access, equity and relevance, reorientation of programmes by laying emphasis on health consciousness, values and ethics and quality of higher education together with the assessment of institutions and their accreditation. These issues are important for the country, as it is now engaged in the use of higher education as a powerful tool to build a knowledge-based information society of the 21stCentury
  9. 9. Reference:- 1.Encyclopedia 2.Weakpics.com for images 3.Google search