Major problems in INDIA :-
• Enhancing the quality of primary education
• Cast violence
• Religion violence
• Misuse of women laws
• Women’s abuse
• Dowry system
• Child labour
• Natural disaster
• Economical condition
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in
which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of
people are transferred from one generation to the next
through teaching, training, or research. Education
frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but
may also be autodidactic.
Literacy is the ability to read and write one's own
name and further for knowledge and interest, write
coherently, and think critically about the written
Some facts on education level in INDIA:-
•Just one out of nine children finishing school joins a college. India has
one of the lowest higher education enrollment ratio of 11 per cent. In the
US it is 83 per cent.
•Over-regulation by the government and a multiplicity of agencies have
seen higher education stagnate and corruption become institutionalized.
•Shortage of teachers was endemic with even the IITs reporting a 20 to 30
per cent shortfall in faculty.
•58% of children do not complete primary education in India.
•40% of standard five students in rural India cannot solve simple two-digit
•The ASER report also estimates that only 50% of rural children enrolled in
standard five can fluently read a standard two text book.
Overview on education in INDIA:-
India has made progress in terms of increasing the primary education attendance rate
and expanding literacy to approximately three quarters of the population .India‘s
improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the
economic rise of India .Much of the progress, especially in higher education and
scientific research, has been credited to various public institutions. The private education
market in India was 5% and in terms of value was estimated to be worth US$40 billion in
2008 but had increased to US$68–70 billion by 2012.
As per the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2012, 96.5% of all rural children
between the ages of 6-14 were enrolled in school. This is the fourth annual survey to
report enrollment above 96%. 83% of all rural 15-16 year olds were enrolled in school.
However, going forward, India will need to focus more on quality.
Gross enrollment at the tertiary level has crossed 20% (as per an Ernst & Young Report
cited in Jan 2013 in Education News/minglebox.com)
As per the latest (2013) report issued by the All India Council of Technical Education
(AICTE), there are more than 3524 diploma and post-diploma offering institutions in the
country with an annual intake capacity of over 1.2 million.
The AICTE also reported 3495 degree-granting engineering colleges in India with an
annual student intake capacity of over 1.76 million with actual enrollment crossing 1.2
The quota system has helped nobody. It has corrupted and divided our
society even more. It is a monster that is slowly killing our society. Quality
has gone downhill and is almost zero in this country. Most of the
graduates who avail of quota are sadly lacking in quality and whereas this
may be still be accepted in arts it cannot and should not be accepted in
any other field especially medicine and engineering. Merit and merit
alone should be the deciding factor for a seat in our academic institutes.
•QUOTA system in India is based on caste system but I feel it should be
based on economic condition of a family .Indian government did try a lot
to assess who actually belong to economically backward classes .Now its
high time that our government should try new methodology to solve
problems regarding quota system •Successive governments have found
out that the present quota system has not been able to achieve what it
has been set up for. So why not just try to do away with it and try
something new rather than to stick on to something which has not
worked. Even the new system may have some irregularities, with people
showing false economic status and salary certificates, but at least this will
include the economically weaker people from all castes, rather than some
castes or communities. •
Some challenges of education in INDIA OR solution should be taken:-
•India's education system has not achieved strong learning outcomes for reasons that
are as diverse and nuanced as the country itself. Inadequate Teacher Qualification and
Support: Teachers working in primary schools across rural India have a difficult job. Dhir
Jhingran, a senior civil servant in the Indian Administrative Service, with more than two
decades of experience in rural primary education, explained the multiple challenges
they face: "Teachers have to teach multiple grades, textbooks are pitched far above the
comprehension level of students, and each classroom has children with different levels
of learning achievements . In 2008-2009, on average, 45% of these teachers had not
studied beyond the 12th grade. Low Teacher Motivation and High Absenteeism: A key
factor affecting the quality of primary education appears to be low levels of teacher
motivation . Indian primary-school teachers may not be underpaid, but some argue that
they may be overworked . Another disheartening factor has been a highly bureaucratic
administrative system that discourages bold decision making and makes
implementation difficult. For example, as Jhingran observed, "it is difficult to test new
practices on a small scale before rolling them out: If a new program has been
developed, the philosophy is that every school must have it . Flawed Teaching
Methodology: In India, rote learning has been institutionalized as a teaching
methodology. "Primary school teachers in rural India often try to educate students by
making them repeat sections of text over and over again," said Jhingran. Linguistic
Diversity: Finally, India's linguistic diversity creates unique challenges for the nation's
Impact of solution:-
The higher education system in India has grown in a
remarkable way, particularly in the post-independence period,
to become one of the largest system of its kind in the world.
However, the system has many issues of concern at present,
like financing and management including access, equity and
relevance, reorientation of programmes by laying emphasis on
health consciousness, values and ethics and quality of higher
education together with the assessment of
institutions and their accreditation.
These issues are important for the country, as it is now engaged
in the use of higher education as a powerful tool to build a
knowledge-based information society of the 21stCentury
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