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  1. 1. Prakash: Imparting Quality Primary E-ducation By Aniket Ghosh Choudhury Shruti Taneja Harab Rasheed Rohit Roy Yanshie Bahuguna
  2. 2. Problem Statement Lack of facilities/resources in imparting quality primary education and absence of application-oriented learning Present State of Primary education NGOs Govern ment CSR Government Schools School Teachers • The drop out rate of children at primary level is 28.7 % according to the Statistics of School Education 2010-2011 • Primary schools within reach of 1 km for 90% population have just 1 or two class rooms with almost no running water or toilets • Of the 200 million children in the age group 6-14, it is estimated that 59 million are out of school. Of these 35 million are girls • Lack of functional literacy and numeric skills in students of age group 6-14, even in most educationally advanced States, Maharashtra & Tamil Nadu • Less than 2 teachers are available in the rural areas to teach a class size of around 100 students • Teacher apathy & absenteeism are the main causes of lack of effectiveness • Over 99 percent of the 7.95 lakh teachers who appeared for the latest Central Teacher Eligibility Test, a benchmark for teacher eligibility, failed to clear the exam Based on the constraints, there is a need for an effective, sustainable & technology oriented teaching model • RTE has helped reduce the number of out-of-school children from 20 million in 2000, to 2.3 million in 2006 and 1.67 million in 2010-11. • Different rules and regulations of the RTE are not given required publicity • The Act has provision for appointing only contract teachers and for denying dignified salaries with social security • 71% of surveyed NGOs have highest needs around AV equipment and computer/desktop/laptops • 65% of surveyed NGOs expressed the need for specialised educational software • 82% of surveyed NGOs have highest need in teaching and training staff, followed closely (76%) by fund-raising, sales and marketing • Most of the IT & BPO companies invest in educational initiatives of different types as part of their CSR initiatives • Limited reach & lack of sustenance and effectiveness in CSR initiatives undertaken
  3. 3. Proposed Solution Develop a state-of-art curriculum, methods and modes of teaching involving all stakeholders of education Prakash E-ducation model Government Funds for State-of-art Computer/TV Lab, Basic infrastructure, maintenance, Wifi internet, educational resources Concepts • Montessori approach • Hole-in-the-wall concept • Khan Academy method NGO • Volunteers recruitment & training through offline and online modes • Model implementation in rural areas Corporate • Employee engagement for training, curriculum & educational software, portal development, volunteering • Contribution of Computer Systems, Monetary Funding Citizens • Campus Ambassadors for Social Media Marketing, Volunteering, On-Ground Activities • Contribution of educational videos through Youtube Advantages over existing system • A highly organized model ensuring proper coordination and utilization of various stakeholders in imparting quality primary education • A low cost model due incorporation of technology & application oriented and practical methods of teaching • Minimal involvement and interaction of human resources and optimized use of existing resources • Leveraging existing social media tools such as Facebook, Youtube for awareness and contribution among technology enabled individuals
  4. 4. Benefits of Prakash model? Innovational learning (Using Titan Concept) • Learning algebra and geometry with the help of toys and models • Usage of recycled material for all art and craft purposes • Use of poems to teach concepts in geometry, science and geography • Use of newspaper for sketching/ painting for pre-primary level students • Students writing autobiography • Creative book reviews with paintings, encouraging reading habit at an early age • Children of workers and employees are taught together under the same roof thus fostering principles of equality ducation Hole-in-the wall concept • groups of children learn on their own without any direct intervention (Minimally Invasive Education) • Children using Learning Stations require little or no inputs from teachers and learnt on their own by the process of exploration, discovery and peer coaching • More effectual method over Conventional pedagogy which focuses on the teacher's ability to disseminate information in a classroom setting • Without any formal education, children begin to grasp the complexities of scientific and mathematical concepts E-learning using Khan Academy method • Platform for coaching: Tracking of students and their history as they change tutors, Tracking of topics and their reception by class • Variety of subjects can be accessed from any part of world through a PC with internet • Youtube hosting of educational videos involves low cost outsourcing • E-learning can track students for their whole academic life • Results in Finer statistics meaning better usage of resources: Teacher is able to stay with students currently left behind, discover problematic areas • Proficient students can tutor weak students on a given topic inculcating peer learning • Children are able to control the rate at which information presented because of pause/play feature available in videos Possible Intangible/Indirect benefits • Even parents of urban & suburban communities will be motivated to send their children to govt. schools providing a sustainable revenue model for school (Arvind Eyecare model) • Reduced absenteeism of School Teachers/children because of computer learning experience
  5. 5. Phases of Model Implementation Planning Phase Prakash Labs are wifi or internet enabled labs with proper power backup which will be constructed in primary schools. It will contain Audio/Visual equipment, Computers and other educational resources Activity Stakeholder Facts/Figures • Integration of Prakash Model in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan • Allocation of Funds and resources for construction of Labs in schools, audio-visual equipment, basic infrastructure such as internet connection, toilets, power, repairs Government • Rs. 403 crore to be spent durinf 2013-2014 during the flagship programme, SSA • A sum of Rs.73.60 crore will be provided for major repairs of 826 schools • Supply of proper functioning computers with pre- installed operating systems and computer accessores (headphones) to the Labs Corporate • Maitree, the CSR arm of TCS, has already developed a portal for supplying second hand computers to schools • Development of educational software based on NGO/School Teacher Inputs • Development of Prakash Website for online volunteer recruitment, syllabus, forums, information of schools & NGOs involved, progress updates, volunteer & NGO login, software training for volunteers, training manual downloads • Employee engagement for development of portal, software Corporate, Govt. School, NGO • Indian IT & BPO industry provides direct employment to about 2.8 million • IIT Bombay has developed an educational software for primary school kids • Infosys, TCS, Wipro have highest ratings in Karmoyog CSR Survey • 2% of three-year average annual profit to be spent for CSR activities • Devise syllabus/curriculum incorporating application oriented techniques (playway, Montessori) e-learning methods(Khan Academy) NGO, Corporate • Khan Academy Urdu/Hindi is already available in youtube • The Titan School initiative has the made use of innovative methods of teaching fostering self- development and confidence at an early agae • Approval of the new syllabus as the standard syllabus of primary schools where Prakash model is implemented Government
  6. 6. Activity Stakeholder • Setting up of Computer Systems and installation of educational software in the Labs Corporate • Training of government school teachers regarding basic applications of computer usage, software, internet Corporate, NGO • Devising a 1 hour per week volunteering programme for nearby NGO/primary govt. school in which volunteers will be grouped and sent for training and teaching purposes based on availability. • Volunteer management handled by SPOCs assigned for every class in the school • Promotion of Volunteering programme in the offices of the company Corporate • Inviting applications for volunteering in the online e portal & volunteer management • promotion of Prakash website in Facebook • Setting up of youtube channel and inviting contributions from public for recording teaching videos and uploading them in the channel (based on perimeters specified and quality) NGO • Starting the Campus Ambassador programme across various colleges for engaging college students in volunteering, social media marketing, sales and on-ground activities of spreading awareness of Prakash model NGO Activity Stakeholder • Maintenance of Prakash website/portal, youtube content Corporate, NGO • Maintenance of basic facilities in the school • Maintenance and supply of educational resources required for students Government • Online/Paper Tests conducted on a regular basis for students and results maintained in the portal database • Students progress report maintained in the portal & accessible to every teacher(volunteer) for review & analysis NGO, Corporate Implementation Phase Monitoring Phase Salient Features of the Prakash teaching concept • At Pre-primary level, the focus will be on pre reading and pre writing skills catering to social, emotional, physical, cognitive and language development. The classes will have activities which will facilitate self directed learning which will reduce the dependency on teachers and increase confidence of kids • At primary level, the approach will be interdisciplinary in nature with prime focus on team work and collaborative learning thus fostering multiple intelligences. Also importance to Art, music, sports will be given • “rote learning” will be eliminated by exposing them to educational videos of maths & science which will make interactions in the classroom more personal, effective and learning at student’s pace. Also videos will be available in vernacular language format
  7. 7. Volunteer Allocation & Management Process Central Management System handled by NGOS Volunteer Recruitment drives through NGOS Employee Engagement Programme in CSR activities Volunteer Source Online recruitment of Volunteers through portal Scalability of Prakash Model • The model can be stretched across rural primary schools if implementation in urban schools proves successful and additional teachers are recruited • The model can be extended to upper primary and secondary govt. schools (Eg. The Department of Primary and Secondary Education and the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB) will jointly launch tele-education in government schools • Model is scalable across other poor nations such as Africa, Bangladesh Association of NGOs with Colleges for student volunteers IT infrastructure managed by IT companies • Teaching/language/day/loc ation preference taken from volunteer • Volunteers mapped based on the nearest location from their office/home • Maximum Contribution of 2 hours per volunteer per week on rotation basis • School of 200 students will require 10 volunteers per day • Each Volunteer will have login credentials to track progress of every student assigned under him/her • Training of students/teachers will require additional volunteers for 3 months after which volunteers will be required only for teaching pre-primary kids For coverage of 78250 Urban Primary Government Schools of India, a total of 7,80,000 volunteers per day are required
  8. 8. TotalFundingRequired Lab Setup Costs: Rs.1 lac per school IT Hardware costs: Rs. 15000 per System IT Software costs: Rs. 5000 per system Educational Aid Costs: Rs. 2 lacs per school Total number of Govt. primary schools in India (urban) = 78250 Total number of systems required per school = 40 Estimated Total Costs= 78250*1100000 = 8607 crores Total Funding required (Calculated for Urban Primary Govt. Schools) Proposed sources of Funding Corporate • The new companies bill, in the process of being notified into law requires companies to spend 2% of three-year average annual profit for CSR activities • The CSR norms would be applicable to companies having either net worth of Rs 500 crore or more; turnover of Rs 1,000 crore or more; or net profit of Rs 5 crore or more Estimated Total Costs= 78250*300000 = 2347 crores If technology costs are borne by Corporate World Bank • The World Bank today approved two education projects worth USD 1.05 billion (4800 crores) for India, designed to boost the number of children enrolling in and completing elementary school, and to improve quality of engineering education across the country • The Bank has supported the SSA with total grants of USD 1.1 billion since 2003 Government • Union govt can incorporate the funding in its education budget after having implemented in one of the States for feasibility testing purpose Phlanthrophists • According to Bain’s Indian Philanthropy report, contribution from donors would increase over 20% if significant impact is created
  9. 9. • Inconsistent supply of volunteers from NGOs and companies • Lack of volunteers for teaching in rural primary school Challenges and Mitigation Factors Challenges & Risks Mitigation Factors Government • Recruitment of additional teachers in primary schools and improving present teacher student ratio of 4:200 • Improvement of salaries of teachers and upgrade of B.Ed Exam • Govt sponsored internships for students Company • Addition of CSR as one of value addition activities in employee’s performance evaluation • Utilization of IT employees in bench • Insufficient contribution of video lessons in vernacular languages, videos having poor quality, content, depth • Some companies may not consider the model as worth spending Government • Association with Universities for course content delivery by professors, teachers, students • Government recognized awards for contribution of volunteering hours/course content development NGOs/Companies • Awareness/ Advertising Campaigns such as Marathon, Flash Mobs • Supply of computers systems by companies may not keep pace with the demand Government • Free distribution of “Akaash” tablets to primary schools • Integration with existing Govt. prescribed curriculum can take time due to multiple layers of bureaucracy involved in approval process NGO/Companies • A pilot project recognized by Govt. should be implemented in one of the States and the results should be submitted along with a proposal to the Central Govt. for full phase implementation
  10. 10. • education-act-has-failed-the-no-fail-policy-anil-sadgopal- 113050400584_1.html • disadvantages-of-rte-act/article4735501.ece • economy/education/india-at-the-bottom-rungs-of-education-ladder- unesco/article4800996.ece • economy/education/average-indian-spends-only-5-years-at-school- world-bank/article4778677.ece • to-be-launched-in-government-schools-soon/article4955475.ece • initiatives-on-education • primary-education-sector/article4791232.ece • 105-bn-to-improve-education-in-india/article258063.ece • • 26/mumbai/40205974_1_bmc-schools-civic-schools-nitin-wadhwani • • education/ • should-bring-smile-to-people-not-profit-for-companies-Sachin- Pilot/articleshow/22204015.cms Appendix Press Articles Reports • Bain’s Indian Philanthropy Report 2013 • Deloitte Report: URGENT NEEDS OF NGOs IN THE EDUCATION SECTOR • Karmayog CSR Ratings 2010 • Seventh All India School Education Survey by NCERT • Elementary Education in Inda: Progress toward UEE, 2011-2012