REPRESENTING IT’S SOLUTION
FAIRNESS AT PLAY : TO INTRODUCE THE ELECTORAL REFORMS TO
REDUCE THE INFLUENCE OF MONEY AND MUSCLE POWER IN POLITICS.
COLLEGE: TEAM DETAILS:-
GARGHCTM TECHNICAL CAMPUS , KAITHAL
DEMOCRATIC INDIA CHANGING IN TO HYPOCRITE INDIA
INDIA claims to be the largest DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY in the world and has completed 66 years of freedom.
This claim can’t be disputed as the mere size of 740 mllions registered voters.
Free, fair and peaceful elections based on universal adult franchise is the main foundation of democracy.
The CONSTITUTION MAKERS were so anxious to safeguard the political rights of citizen at the time of designing
of “CONSTITUTION OF INDIA”. These laws were assumed to be the best at that time and considered all rights
and expected problems for the complete development of the country but these laws are uneffective at the
present era due to extensive corruption and muscle power .
Instead of highest voting in INDIA with WESTMINISTER THE FPTP system among all countries,
Even till now criminal & corrupted representatives of people are elected
The maiden election was held in 1952 which was free and fair as we are trying to achieve now. No doubt our election commission is performing excellent
job to maintain the success of it. But still there is need to reform more.Electoral and Poll reforms have been in the air for a long time and a few positive
steps have also been taken but the full and desired reforms have not been affected for want of political “WILL & CONSENSUS”.
In our constitution, some milestones in reforms have been made like as:
•ANTI DEFLECTION LAW in 1985
•Lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 in 1988
•Deterrent penal punishment for BOOTH CAPTURING & RIGGING in 1988
•170th Report on “Reform of the Electoral laws” in 1999
But all in VAIN…………
Besides these reforms, we need to develop a political culture and ethos which believes in honesty, integrity and social obligation & not personal and party
There should be internal as well as external discipline among the parties so that democratic norms are followed both in later and spirit.
No law or reform , however, judiciously enacted will be fruitful and effective unless there is a change of hearts and attitude of the political leaders or
As the voting age lowered, still there is no excitement in the youth regarding elections. INDIA consists of 34% youth , still there is lot of discrepancy
between youth and politics . WHY ? WHY ? Only because of unfair means of corruption that has ensnared in the politics and gripped a lot. Still there is lot
of work need to be done in this area.
Increasing cost of elections leading to unethical, illegal and even mafia provided electoral funding, corruption, criminalisation and black money generation in
With the constituents/electors being the same for all directly elected representatives from the lowest Panchayat level to the Lok Sabha level, there are
competing role expectations and conflict of perceptions e.g. the constituents expect even members of the Union Parliament to attend to their purely local problems.
Question of Representational Legitimacy
The question of defections and the Tenth Schedule.
Inaccurate and flawed electoral rolls and voter identity leading to rigging and denial of voting rights to a large number of citizens.
Booth capturing and fraudulent voting by rigging and impersonation
Use of raw muscle power in the form of intimidation of voters either to vote against their will or not to vote at all, thus taking away the right of free voting from
large sections of society and distorting the result thereby.
Involvement of officials and local administration in subverting the electoral process.
Criminalization of the electoral process – increasing number of contestants with serious criminal antecedents.
Divisive and disruptive tendencies including the misuse of religion and caste in the process of political mobilization of group identities on non-ideological lines.
An ineffective and slow judicial process of dealing with election petitions, rendering the whole process quite often meaningless.
Fake and non-serious candidates who create major practical difficulties and are also used indirectly to subvert the electoral process.
Incongruities in delimitation of constituencies resulting in poor representation.
Problems of instability, hung legislative houses and their relation to the electoral laws and processes.
Last but not the least, loss of systemic legitimacy due to decay in the standards of political morality and decline in the spirit of service and sacrifice in public life.
ORIGIN OF ELECTION FINANCE REFORM OPTION
HAVE MAINLY THREE ROOTS:-
Rising Campaign Cost
Public Concern for equal opportunity for Political Participation
FAMOUS SCANDALS THAT BLEMISH INDIA IN WHOLE
WORLD ARE :-
REMEDY TO REFORMS
State and Parliamentary level election ,to the extent possible, should be held at
the same time
Candidates should not be allowed to contest election simultaneous for the same
office from more than one constituency.
Campaign Period should be reduced considerably
Rallies,Wall writings,display of cut outs,hoardings and hoisting of flags (except at
party offices,public meetings and other specified places) should be totally
Use of more than a specified no. of vehicles should specified by election
commission should be prohibited
By reduction in the entitlement programmes and social spending schemes like
MNREGA,NRHM,Food Security Bill before elections.
The demand for transparency must be conceived as a democratic value in itself.
By awaring the peoples not to sell their votes
All candidates should be required under law to declare their income details and
liabilities by an affidavit and the details so given by them should be made public.
Improving the use of money by investing it on more productive activities for the
sake of democracy and not just squandering it on propaganda and negative
INTENTION TOWARDS LAW
If laws are intended , they should be effective , general in nature and enforced
with respect to everyone.
It is essential to strengthen & regulate the mechanisms and capabilities of
supervision and controlling entities.
There should be stringent provision in law for the violation of these rules
It can include large amount of penalty and suitable imprisonment for the crime.
HOW MONEY AFFLICTED POLITICS
ANTRIX DEVAS DEAL 200,000 CRORE
CHOPPER SCAM 3600 CRORE
2G SCAM 176,000 CRORE
COAL GATE 186,000 CRORE
CWG SCAM 40,000 CRORE
CHIT FUND SCAM
NRHM SCAM 10,000 CRORE
1980S BOFORS SCAM 1140 CRORE
FODDER SCAM 1996 950 CRORE
TATA TRUCK SCAM
HWALA SCAM 1000 CRORE
spent by all
CONCRETE SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCE
MUSCLE POWER :-
o Any person convicted for any heinous crime like murder, rape, smuggling etc. should be
permanently debarred from contesting for any political office.
o The EC recommends that every candidate at the time of election must declare his assets and
liabilities along with those of his close relatives.
o People with heinous criminal records should be house arrested and doubtful people for this should
be strictly kept away from elections.
o ANTI DEFLECTION LAW should be strictly followed.
o All the political parties should be fall under the domain of RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT.
o The permission of SHOOT AT SITE for heinous criminals should be granted to the police officers
at the time of elections and it should not be taken lightly by them.
o There should be provision of RIGHT TO RECALL in the constitution of India which will keep
politicians on tenterhooks and arm citizens with the most patent weapons of rejecting the non-
o All election petition should be heard by a separate judicial set up and these petition should be
decided within a bounded time period of 6 to 10 weeks by dedicated benches of special courts.
o In order to obviate the uncertainty there is a need of amendment in “ARTICLE 102(1)(a)” of
the constitution regarding OFFICES OF PROFIT.
o Acc. To Supreme Court decision in 2013, if any person sentenced to imprisonment for Two or more
years then he/she will be permanently debarred from contesting any political office & in case of
MPs or MLAs their membership will be permanently cancelled. This decision should be obeyed.
o Current criteria for State Party recognition (6% of votes polled+2 MLAs or atleast 3% seats in
lower house) and for national party recognition(6% votes in atleast 4 states+4 MPs or 2%
membership in Lok Sabha in at least 3 states) should be increased up to a suitable limit.
o Steps to encourage gender participation in the political organizations should be taken.
o Steps to curb the role of casteism and communalism should be taken.
Nexus among the criminal gangs, police, bureaucracy & politicians.
Caste & communal hatred.
The ultimate power in hands of politicians
Affidavits available for MPs - 543
• MPs with pending criminal cases - 162 (29.83 %)
• MPs with serious pending criminal cases - 76 (14.00 %)
• Total pending criminal cases against MPs - 522
• Total serious IPC sections against MPs - 275
MUSCLE POWER AS TERMITES IN
The term “MUSCLE POWER” has unfortunately became
synonymous with Indian elections.
Muscle power play such a dominant role in elections, that there is only
a little chance for a common man with honest intentions towards
elections, even if he/she has the capability.
It is engulfing the base of the politics steadily.
This is one of the strong and worst impaction influencing the politics
and brought our country in developing country instead of developed
If the same power will be used in a good manner in the progress
of politics, we assure that it will take the name of our country
in the top developed countries.
IN THE QUEST FOR POWER,
POLITICIANS REAP THE HARVEST WHEN THEY COMES TO POWER
RIGHT TO RECALL
FOR CM & PM
IN THE STATES &
BANNED AS SOON
SHOULD BE MADE
& VOTER ID
LIMIT OF TWO
TERMS FOR ANY
PANCH TATVA’s INNOVATION
• There should be “Right To Recall” option for citizens.
• No doubt, two years should be given to the candidate/representative to show his caliber or capacity to serve the public and nation.But if he will fail in his
liabilities then an option should be given to public to recall him by filling a form with suitable fee and deposit it to local authority (Tehsildar, SDM etc.).
Then this authority will file it through internet on the site of Election Commission .If 2/3rd of the total residents will against that person, he/she should be
dismiss from his/her respective post.
C.M. & P.M.
• C.M. & P.M. are the chief bodies.But, however, these bodies which are backbone of any country are selected by parties, not by the voters or citizens. Due to this, the liable, popular and
deserving leader remains behind & the flattered and undeserving candidate wins the race.Even then sometimes, the man who decided by the party as a candidate for PM & CM is not a
member of house or assembly. After nomination he/she wins the election and then represent.
To eradicate robot system in the politics of our country there should be direct election for CM, PM & President.
• India dreams for 100% voting till today. No Plan is there according to which we can achieve more than 80% voting. For this the option is compulsion voting like Australia and other
countries we may adopt it that every citizen must vote. If not then he/she should be punished.
• We know that it is a tedious task. There is not proper electoral rolls even today. We may start it by applying compulsion on all government employee. Each government employee must
vote or fined and cut down marks in promotion facilities.
• It is very amusing to know that it needs qualification to be a P.A. of a representative but there is no qualification limit/rule for representative.The illiterate, unsocial people decide the
future & are playing with the present of our country. They have no sense and idea to combat problems, economic crisis, foreign policies etc. But, however, they know that how to make
public fool !!! Obviously, leaders are neither born nor trained but each leader the leaders are not merely leaders they are our country’s feeders & also the fate deciding elements. So, they
must have enough knowledge about the issues/crisis to which they have to face.
• Atleast , every candidate should be GRADUATE
• Election commission should introduce based electronic voting machine, which would count a vote to be legal only when the finger print of the person matches with the one in the data
base. This would completely eliminate Bogus voting. This would not be as difficult as it is thought now, considering the growth of information technology
HIGH LEVEL DESCRIPTION OF KEY POINTS
TO BE CONTINUED….
SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF
• The multiplicity of political parties, combined with our Westminster based FIRST-
PAST-THE-POST system results in a majority of legislators and parliamentarians
getting elected on a minority vote. In other words, they usually win by obtaining
less than 50% of the vote cast i.e. with more vote cast against them than in their
favor. There are states where 85- 90% of the legislators have won on a minority
vote. At the national level, the proportions of MPs who have won on a minority vote
is over 67% at an average for the last three LOK SABHA elections. In extreme cases,
some candidates have won even on the basis of 13% of the votes polled. Also we can
take example of 2009 elections…...
• From NAWADA,BIHAR where Total votes were 25 lakh,
BHOLA SINGH gain 1.30 lakh i.e. only 9.3% of the total votes &
become the MP under the leadership of BJP.
• MEERA KUMARI has become the speaker of lower house with
only 7% votes.
• Where 90.7% & 93% votes in 1st & 2nd e.g. respectively was not
against but not in their favor.
• The principle of represntativenes will be fulfilled if the elected representatives win
on the basis of 50% + 1 vote. If, in the first round, no body gets over 50% of the votes
polled, then according to this view, ther should be RUN-OFF CONTEST held the
very next day soon thereafter b/w the top two candidates so that one of them will
necessarily win on the basis of 50% + 1 votes polled.
• The negative vote
(not voting for
anybody) should be
accepted by the
implemented and if
Act would be
required for this, it
should be ensured.
• Citizens should have
the liberty to reject all
the candidates if they
would feel like this &
this should be
considered as their
fundamental right in
a democratic society
• There should be a
mechanism in EVM
Every step towards progress is like climbing a mountain. Our proposed
solutions will have to deal with a lot of obstacles to reach our
destination of creating corruption free India.
SOME OF THOSE CHALLENGES ARE:
No doubt, it is not easy to implement laws like right to recall, negative voting
It is very difficult to remove the discrepancy between the youth and politics.
It is a tedious task to encourage people about the value and power of their
It is challenging for our proposed solutions to break the chains of corruption
& greed of politicians.
Fermented system will not allow the changes to occur which are against them.
We know that it will take time for the implementation of our reforms
but we assure that we will definitely achieve our aim with the
combined support of whole country.
As the fact is
“SLOW AND STEADY WINS THE RACE”
Elimination of fraud from elections.
Encouragement of public spirit regarding voting.
Free & fair elections.
Compel political parties to nominate better
Increasing accountability of legislature.
Educated representatives for nation.
Ultimate power in hands of public.
Increase in development of country.
Raise the spirit of Youth regarding elections.
Wastage of man power, money power & material
Reduction in number of candidates in elections.
Demand of more transparency in elections.
No misuse of government machinery.
Deserving candidate represent public.
No issue of caste & communal hatred.
Increasing goodwill among people so that no issue
of arguments in between each other.
Ensuring safety for women in society
and many more………
DRASTIC CHALLENGES IN FRONT OF
OUR INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS:-
Merits of our
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT & REFERENCES
Through this acknowledgement we express our sincere gratitude to all those people who have been associated with this presentation and have
helped us with it and made it a worthwhile experience.
Firstly, we extend our thanks to our elders who have shared their opinions and experiences through which we received the required
information , crucial for our report and we have also took help from internet .
Finally, we express our thanks to TEAM MANTHAN that gave us this opportunity to think in a practical approach and also guided us and gave
us valuable suggestions through their resources regarding the presentation.
Report by National Election Watch & Association for Democratic Reforms
Retired Administrative Officers Views
Common Man Opinion’s
Former Candidates from our constituency