REPRESENTING IT’S SOLUTION
ON
THEME
FAIRNESS AT PLAY : TO INTRODUCE THE ELECTORAL REFORMS TO
REDUCE THE INFLUENCE OF MONEY...
DEMOCRATIC INDIA CHANGING IN TO HYPOCRITE INDIA
INDIA claims to be the largest DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY in the world and has co...
 Increasing cost of elections leading to unethical, illegal and even mafia provided electoral funding, corruption, crimin...
ORIGIN OF ELECTION FINANCE REFORM OPTION
HAVE MAINLY THREE ROOTS:-
Rising Campaign Cost
Corruption Scandals
Public Conc...
CONCRETE SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCE
MUSCLE POWER :-
o Any person convicted for any heinous crime like murder, rape, smuggling e...
RIGHT TO RECALL
COMPULSION
VOTING
DIRECT ELECTIONS
FOR CM & PM
STRINGENT
ACTIONS AGAINST
BOOTH CAPTURING
& RIGGING
EDUCATI...
Right To
Recall
• There should be “Right To Recall” option for citizens.
• No doubt, two years should be given to the cand...
SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF
REPRESENTATIONAL LEGITIMACY
• The multiplicity of political parties, combined with our Westminster ...
Every step towards progress is like climbing a mountain. Our proposed
solutions will have to deal with a lot of obstacles ...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT & REFERENCES
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
 Through this acknowledgement we express our sincere gratitude to all those ...
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PANCHTATVA

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PANCHTATVA

  1. 1. REPRESENTING IT’S SOLUTION ON THEME FAIRNESS AT PLAY : TO INTRODUCE THE ELECTORAL REFORMS TO REDUCE THE INFLUENCE OF MONEY AND MUSCLE POWER IN POLITICS. COLLEGE: TEAM DETAILS:- Team Coordinator : GOURAV BANSAL SUMIT GARG RAJAT BANSAL ANKISH GOYAL AAYUSH GARGHCTM TECHNICAL CAMPUS , KAITHAL
  2. 2. DEMOCRATIC INDIA CHANGING IN TO HYPOCRITE INDIA INDIA claims to be the largest DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY in the world and has completed 66 years of freedom. This claim can’t be disputed as the mere size of 740 mllions registered voters.  Free, fair and peaceful elections based on universal adult franchise is the main foundation of democracy.  The CONSTITUTION MAKERS were so anxious to safeguard the political rights of citizen at the time of designing of “CONSTITUTION OF INDIA”. These laws were assumed to be the best at that time and considered all rights and expected problems for the complete development of the country but these laws are uneffective at the present era due to extensive corruption and muscle power .  Instead of highest voting in INDIA with WESTMINISTER THE FPTP system among all countries, Even till now criminal & corrupted representatives of people are elected The maiden election was held in 1952 which was free and fair as we are trying to achieve now. No doubt our election commission is performing excellent job to maintain the success of it. But still there is need to reform more.Electoral and Poll reforms have been in the air for a long time and a few positive steps have also been taken but the full and desired reforms have not been affected for want of political “WILL & CONSENSUS”. In our constitution, some milestones in reforms have been made like as: •ANTI DEFLECTION LAW in 1985 •Lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 in 1988 •Deterrent penal punishment for BOOTH CAPTURING & RIGGING in 1988 •170th Report on “Reform of the Electoral laws” in 1999 But all in VAIN………… Besides these reforms, we need to develop a political culture and ethos which believes in honesty, integrity and social obligation & not personal and party gains. There should be internal as well as external discipline among the parties so that democratic norms are followed both in later and spirit. No law or reform , however, judiciously enacted will be fruitful and effective unless there is a change of hearts and attitude of the political leaders or parties.  As the voting age lowered, still there is no excitement in the youth regarding elections. INDIA consists of 34% youth , still there is lot of discrepancy between youth and politics . WHY ? WHY ? Only because of unfair means of corruption that has ensnared in the politics and gripped a lot. Still there is lot of work need to be done in this area.
  3. 3.  Increasing cost of elections leading to unethical, illegal and even mafia provided electoral funding, corruption, criminalisation and black money generation in various forms.  With the constituents/electors being the same for all directly elected representatives from the lowest Panchayat level to the Lok Sabha level, there are competing role expectations and conflict of perceptions e.g. the constituents expect even members of the Union Parliament to attend to their purely local problems.  Question of Representational Legitimacy  The question of defections and the Tenth Schedule.  Inaccurate and flawed electoral rolls and voter identity leading to rigging and denial of voting rights to a large number of citizens.  Booth capturing and fraudulent voting by rigging and impersonation  Use of raw muscle power in the form of intimidation of voters either to vote against their will or not to vote at all, thus taking away the right of free voting from large sections of society and distorting the result thereby.  Involvement of officials and local administration in subverting the electoral process.  Criminalization of the electoral process – increasing number of contestants with serious criminal antecedents.  Divisive and disruptive tendencies including the misuse of religion and caste in the process of political mobilization of group identities on non-ideological lines.  An ineffective and slow judicial process of dealing with election petitions, rendering the whole process quite often meaningless.  Fake and non-serious candidates who create major practical difficulties and are also used indirectly to subvert the electoral process.  Incongruities in delimitation of constituencies resulting in poor representation.  Problems of instability, hung legislative houses and their relation to the electoral laws and processes.  Last but not the least, loss of systemic legitimacy due to decay in the standards of political morality and decline in the spirit of service and sacrifice in public life.
  4. 4. ORIGIN OF ELECTION FINANCE REFORM OPTION HAVE MAINLY THREE ROOTS:- Rising Campaign Cost Corruption Scandals Public Concern for equal opportunity for Political Participation FAMOUS SCANDALS THAT BLEMISH INDIA IN WHOLE WORLD ARE :- REMEDY TO REFORMS  State and Parliamentary level election ,to the extent possible, should be held at the same time  Candidates should not be allowed to contest election simultaneous for the same office from more than one constituency.  Campaign Period should be reduced considerably  Rallies,Wall writings,display of cut outs,hoardings and hoisting of flags (except at party offices,public meetings and other specified places) should be totally banned.  Use of more than a specified no. of vehicles should specified by election commission should be prohibited  By reduction in the entitlement programmes and social spending schemes like MNREGA,NRHM,Food Security Bill before elections.  The demand for transparency must be conceived as a democratic value in itself.  By awaring the peoples not to sell their votes  All candidates should be required under law to declare their income details and liabilities by an affidavit and the details so given by them should be made public.  Improving the use of money by investing it on more productive activities for the sake of democracy and not just squandering it on propaganda and negative campaigns. INTENTION TOWARDS LAW  If laws are intended , they should be effective , general in nature and enforced with respect to everyone.  It is essential to strengthen & regulate the mechanisms and capabilities of supervision and controlling entities.  There should be stringent provision in law for the violation of these rules  It can include large amount of penalty and suitable imprisonment for the crime. HOW MONEY AFFLICTED POLITICS Election Process in INDIA Election Process in USA Election Process in EUROPE Election Process in CANADA Election Process in AUSTRALIA SCANDALS AMOUNT (IN RUPEES) ANTRIX DEVAS DEAL 200,000 CRORE CHOPPER SCAM 3600 CRORE 2G SCAM 176,000 CRORE COAL GATE 186,000 CRORE CWG SCAM 40,000 CRORE CHIT FUND SCAM 2013 30,000 CRORE NRHM SCAM 10,000 CRORE BELARI MINING SCAM 16,085 CRORE 1980S BOFORS SCAM 1140 CRORE 1992 SECURITIES SCAM 5,000 CRORE FODDER SCAM 1996 950 CRORE TATA TRUCK SCAM 2011 500 CRORE HWALA SCAM 1000 CRORE SCORPIO SUBMARINE SCAM 500 CRORE It is estimated that about “15000- 20000 crore” rupees is spent by all major parties in general elections of India
  5. 5. CONCRETE SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCE MUSCLE POWER :- o Any person convicted for any heinous crime like murder, rape, smuggling etc. should be permanently debarred from contesting for any political office. o The EC recommends that every candidate at the time of election must declare his assets and liabilities along with those of his close relatives. o People with heinous criminal records should be house arrested and doubtful people for this should be strictly kept away from elections. o ANTI DEFLECTION LAW should be strictly followed. o All the political parties should be fall under the domain of RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT. o The permission of SHOOT AT SITE for heinous criminals should be granted to the police officers at the time of elections and it should not be taken lightly by them. o There should be provision of RIGHT TO RECALL in the constitution of India which will keep politicians on tenterhooks and arm citizens with the most patent weapons of rejecting the non- serious legislatures. o All election petition should be heard by a separate judicial set up and these petition should be decided within a bounded time period of 6 to 10 weeks by dedicated benches of special courts. o In order to obviate the uncertainty there is a need of amendment in “ARTICLE 102(1)(a)” of the constitution regarding OFFICES OF PROFIT. o Acc. To Supreme Court decision in 2013, if any person sentenced to imprisonment for Two or more years then he/she will be permanently debarred from contesting any political office & in case of MPs or MLAs their membership will be permanently cancelled. This decision should be obeyed. o Current criteria for State Party recognition (6% of votes polled+2 MLAs or atleast 3% seats in lower house) and for national party recognition(6% votes in atleast 4 states+4 MPs or 2% membership in Lok Sabha in at least 3 states) should be increased up to a suitable limit. o Steps to encourage gender participation in the political organizations should be taken. o Steps to curb the role of casteism and communalism should be taken. MAIN ROOTS:-  Nexus among the criminal gangs, police, bureaucracy & politicians.  Caste & communal hatred.  The ultimate power in hands of politicians Affidavits available for MPs - 543  • MPs with pending criminal cases - 162 (29.83 %)  • MPs with serious pending criminal cases - 76 (14.00 %)  • Total pending criminal cases against MPs - 522  • Total serious IPC sections against MPs - 275 MUSCLE POWER AS TERMITES IN POLITICS:- The term “MUSCLE POWER” has unfortunately became synonymous with Indian elections.  Muscle power play such a dominant role in elections, that there is only a little chance for a common man with honest intentions towards elections, even if he/she has the capability.  It is engulfing the base of the politics steadily.  This is one of the strong and worst impaction influencing the politics and brought our country in developing country instead of developed country. If the same power will be used in a good manner in the progress of politics, we assure that it will take the name of our country in the top developed countries. IN THE QUEST FOR POWER, POLITICIANS REAP THE HARVEST WHEN THEY COMES TO POWER
  6. 6. RIGHT TO RECALL COMPULSION VOTING DIRECT ELECTIONS FOR CM & PM STRINGENT ACTIONS AGAINST BOOTH CAPTURING & RIGGING EDUCATION LIMIT FOR CANDIDATES PRESIDENT’s RULE IN THE STATES & COUNTRY DURING ELECTIONS NEGATIVE VOTING RESERVATION FOR YOUTH EQUAL OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN LIQUOR SHOPS SHOULD BE BANNED AS SOON AS ELECTION DECLARED LIABILITIES & FINANCIAL DETAILS OF CANDIDATE SHOULD BE MADE PUBLIC PROPER PREPARATION OF ELECTORAL ROLLS & VOTER ID LIMIT OF TWO TERMS FOR ANY POLITICAL POSITION LAW FOR REGISTRATION & ACCOUNTABILITY FOR POLITICAL PARTY ENHANCING CONDITIONS FOR DUMMY CANDIDATES EMPOWERMENT OF ELECTION COMMISSION SOLVE THE QUESTION OF REPRESENTATIONAL LEGITIMACY PANCH TATVA’s INNOVATION
  7. 7. Right To Recall • There should be “Right To Recall” option for citizens. • No doubt, two years should be given to the candidate/representative to show his caliber or capacity to serve the public and nation.But if he will fail in his liabilities then an option should be given to public to recall him by filling a form with suitable fee and deposit it to local authority (Tehsildar, SDM etc.). Then this authority will file it through internet on the site of Election Commission .If 2/3rd of the total residents will against that person, he/she should be dismiss from his/her respective post. DIRECT ELECTION FOR C.M. & P.M. • C.M. & P.M. are the chief bodies.But, however, these bodies which are backbone of any country are selected by parties, not by the voters or citizens. Due to this, the liable, popular and deserving leader remains behind & the flattered and undeserving candidate wins the race.Even then sometimes, the man who decided by the party as a candidate for PM & CM is not a member of house or assembly. After nomination he/she wins the election and then represent. To eradicate robot system in the politics of our country there should be direct election for CM, PM & President. COMPULSION VOTING • India dreams for 100% voting till today. No Plan is there according to which we can achieve more than 80% voting. For this the option is compulsion voting like Australia and other countries we may adopt it that every citizen must vote. If not then he/she should be punished. • We know that it is a tedious task. There is not proper electoral rolls even today. We may start it by applying compulsion on all government employee. Each government employee must vote or fined and cut down marks in promotion facilities. EDUCATION LIMIT FOR CANDIDATES • It is very amusing to know that it needs qualification to be a P.A. of a representative but there is no qualification limit/rule for representative.The illiterate, unsocial people decide the future & are playing with the present of our country. They have no sense and idea to combat problems, economic crisis, foreign policies etc. But, however, they know that how to make public fool !!! Obviously, leaders are neither born nor trained but each leader the leaders are not merely leaders they are our country’s feeders & also the fate deciding elements. So, they must have enough knowledge about the issues/crisis to which they have to face. • Atleast , every candidate should be GRADUATE ELIMINATION OF BOGUS VOTING • Election commission should introduce based electronic voting machine, which would count a vote to be legal only when the finger print of the person matches with the one in the data base. This would completely eliminate Bogus voting. This would not be as difficult as it is thought now, considering the growth of information technology HIGH LEVEL DESCRIPTION OF KEY POINTS TO BE CONTINUED….
  8. 8. SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF REPRESENTATIONAL LEGITIMACY • The multiplicity of political parties, combined with our Westminster based FIRST- PAST-THE-POST system results in a majority of legislators and parliamentarians getting elected on a minority vote. In other words, they usually win by obtaining less than 50% of the vote cast i.e. with more vote cast against them than in their favor. There are states where 85- 90% of the legislators have won on a minority vote. At the national level, the proportions of MPs who have won on a minority vote is over 67% at an average for the last three LOK SABHA elections. In extreme cases, some candidates have won even on the basis of 13% of the votes polled. Also we can take example of 2009 elections…... • From NAWADA,BIHAR where Total votes were 25 lakh, BHOLA SINGH gain 1.30 lakh i.e. only 9.3% of the total votes & become the MP under the leadership of BJP. • MEERA KUMARI has become the speaker of lower house with only 7% votes. • Where 90.7% & 93% votes in 1st & 2nd e.g. respectively was not against but not in their favor. • The principle of represntativenes will be fulfilled if the elected representatives win on the basis of 50% + 1 vote. If, in the first round, no body gets over 50% of the votes polled, then according to this view, ther should be RUN-OFF CONTEST held the very next day soon thereafter b/w the top two candidates so that one of them will necessarily win on the basis of 50% + 1 votes polled. Negative Voting • The negative vote (not voting for anybody) should be accepted by the government and implemented and if any Parliamentary Act would be required for this, it should be ensured. • Citizens should have the liberty to reject all the candidates if they would feel like this & this should be considered as their fundamental right in a democratic society • There should be a mechanism in EVM for it.
  9. 9. Every step towards progress is like climbing a mountain. Our proposed solutions will have to deal with a lot of obstacles to reach our destination of creating corruption free India. SOME OF THOSE CHALLENGES ARE:  No doubt, it is not easy to implement laws like right to recall, negative voting etc.  It is very difficult to remove the discrepancy between the youth and politics.  It is a tedious task to encourage people about the value and power of their votes.  It is challenging for our proposed solutions to break the chains of corruption & greed of politicians.  Fermented system will not allow the changes to occur which are against them. We know that it will take time for the implementation of our reforms but we assure that we will definitely achieve our aim with the combined support of whole country. As the fact is “SLOW AND STEADY WINS THE RACE” Elimination of fraud from elections. Encouragement of public spirit regarding voting. Free & fair elections. Compel political parties to nominate better candidates. Increasing accountability of legislature. Educated representatives for nation. Ultimate power in hands of public. Increase in development of country. Raise the spirit of Youth regarding elections. Wastage of man power, money power & material during elections. Reduction in number of candidates in elections. Demand of more transparency in elections. No misuse of government machinery. Remit corruption. Deserving candidate represent public. No issue of caste & communal hatred. Increasing goodwill among people so that no issue of arguments in between each other. Ensuring safety for women in society and many more……… DRASTIC CHALLENGES IN FRONT OF OUR INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS:- Merits of our proposed innovative solutions
  10. 10. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT & REFERENCES ACKNOWLEDGEMENT  Through this acknowledgement we express our sincere gratitude to all those people who have been associated with this presentation and have helped us with it and made it a worthwhile experience.  Firstly, we extend our thanks to our elders who have shared their opinions and experiences through which we received the required information , crucial for our report and we have also took help from internet .  Finally, we express our thanks to TEAM MANTHAN that gave us this opportunity to think in a practical approach and also guided us and gave us valuable suggestions through their resources regarding the presentation. REFERENCES  Report by National Election Watch & Association for Democratic Reforms  Retired Administrative Officers Views  Common Man Opinion’s  Former Candidates from our constituency T

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