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Team Members:
Rishabh Rastogi
Sachit Saumya
Rishabh Gupta
Adarsh Tripathi
Kapil Sanodia
INDIAN SCHOOL OF MINES, DHANBAD
TE...
Protection of
vulnerable is ensured
by:
•Identification
•Financial
empowerment
•Social Inclusion
“De ek duje ka saath, hog...
Informal Sector
in India
94% of total
population
Only 57%
of GDP
Non AgriculturalAgricultural
Manufacturing Trade Hotel Se...
Informal
sector
Below
Poverty line
Above
Poverty line
•Identification
•Permanent employment
•Adequate wages
•Proper repres...
Relative exception in VAT and excise duty to enterprises keeping
more permanent labour and following labour laws.
Encourag...
Sector
Yield
Agriculture Manufacturing Trade Hotel Services Transport
High A1 M1 T1 H1 S1 TR1
Medium A2 M2 T2 H2 S2 TR2
Lo...
Time bound sharing of labour cost of permanent
employees with small registered enterprises..
Special economic zone to be m...
Encourage NGO’s and private players to build houses and health
facilities at subsidized rates in partnership with the peop...
Criteria to
measure
Impact
Scalability
Sustainability
Monitoring
•Per Capita income
•Human development index
•Tax base
• G...
Social
• India is the land of culture and languages therefore each sector
has various variants so it would be difficult to...
2013
• Policy changes to encourage PAN registration,tax payments and employment
opportunites.
• Registration of Aadhar car...
References:
•Project report of planning commission on restructuring the unorganized sector in India
Sheila Bhalla
•Measuri...
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OorjaDaksha

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OorjaDaksha

  1. 1. Team Members: Rishabh Rastogi Sachit Saumya Rishabh Gupta Adarsh Tripathi Kapil Sanodia INDIAN SCHOOL OF MINES, DHANBAD TEAM OORJA DAKSHA
  2. 2. Protection of vulnerable is ensured by: •Identification •Financial empowerment •Social Inclusion “De ek duje ka saath, hoga sabka vikas”
  3. 3. Informal Sector in India 94% of total population Only 57% of GDP Non AgriculturalAgricultural Manufacturing Trade Hotel Services Transport Why Problems Greater rise of population than employment generation. Lack of digitalization and monitoring.. Poverty and income disparity. Increased Red tape makes difficult to go by law. Lack of knowledge of government policies among deprived class.
  4. 4. Informal sector Below Poverty line Above Poverty line •Identification •Permanent employment •Adequate wages •Proper representation •Skill development •Health and education •Insurance and housing •Identification •Registration •Employment generation •Taxation •Profitability •Sustainability •Technological advancement Present policies: •Unemployment grants •Jawahar gram samridhi •Employmen Assurance • Pension benefits Problems: •Financial burden •Rampant corruption •Beneficiaries remain dependent No present policy for above poverty line 45% 55% Informal sector Below Poverty Above Poverty
  5. 5. Relative exception in VAT and excise duty to enterprises keeping more permanent labour and following labour laws. Encourage partnership between big and small enterprises as same labour culture propagates from bigger to smaller. 150% tax exemption to companies giving free insurance to poor and building homes at subsidized rates. Digitalization of PDS system and encourage public private partnership in schemes like MANREGA for good monitoring and implementation. Easy availability of finance for cottage and agricultural industries as they are mass recruiters.
  6. 6. Sector Yield Agriculture Manufacturing Trade Hotel Services Transport High A1 M1 T1 H1 S1 TR1 Medium A2 M2 T2 H2 S2 TR2 Low A3 M3 T3 H3 S3 TR3 Backward A4 M4 T4 H4 S4 TR4 Provision of Rs 14000 crore for phase 1 in existing budget. Provision of Rs 500 crore per year in existing budget. Government to earn more than 1.5 lakh crore from taxes. Ensure Aadhaar card for all by promoting direct benefit transfers. Link them with PAN number to identify unorganized economy. Identification of commercial land by Land Records Department. Proper details regarding ownership, usage of land and geographic area to be maintained.. Ensure registration of enterprises on these land by giving them perks and categorize them based on given table.
  7. 7. Time bound sharing of labour cost of permanent employees with small registered enterprises.. Special economic zone to be made in each municipality/gram panchayat where street vendors can earn their living. Local bodies should maintain records of unemployed, self employed and economically weak. They should be the first beneficiaries of the government employment scheme such as MANREGA. Based on grade and geographical area minimum number of workers to be recruited by the enterprise and their minimum pay to be decided by the government. 10,000 crore for sharing 40% labour cost for 500 million people, Under budget of Ministry of Statistics and Programme implementation having budget of 2148.35 Crore. Provision of 4,00,000 crore in the annual budget. Hot spots for shopping so income through advertisements and private investment.
  8. 8. Encourage NGO’s and private players to build houses and health facilities at subsidized rates in partnership with the people. Give consultancy services to the needy about various government benefits. Well administered welfare funds scheme among the workers in each district. Craving out national skill development policy for each sector to make labour efficient and productive. Each district to have a labour union for each sector, model based on domestic help union of Mumbai.
  9. 9. Criteria to measure Impact Scalability Sustainability Monitoring •Per Capita income •Human development index •Tax base • GDP •Around 500 million workers to get social and financial security •10 million new tax payers •25%increase in GDP •Boost in agricultural and industrial productivity •Perks for income tax payers •Benefits for private investments in social sector •Encouraging entrepreneurship and employment generation •Resolving labour and land disputes on timely basis •Continuous monitoring of land usage •Local bodies to keep track of unemployed and ensure proper representation in unions •Encourage auditing of smaller enterprises •Coordination between IT and UID department to keep track of informal economy
  10. 10. Social • India is the land of culture and languages therefore each sector has various variants so it would be difficult to categorize. • Most of the informal sector is uneducated to is would be difficult to make them go by law. Economic •Large amount of private investment would be required in insurance and housing sector, so the government has to ensure them perks. Political •Sharing labour costs will result in cutting down expenditure on popular ‘free’ schemes, this would attract huge opposition. Legal •Lot of disputes regarding labour, land and tax would arise so more courts and fast track decisions have to be ensured. Technical •Large amount of data handling would require large number of IT professionals.
  11. 11. 2013 • Policy changes to encourage PAN registration,tax payments and employment opportunites. • Registration of Aadhar cards. 2015 • 100% linkage of AADHAR card with PAN cards. • Digitization of land records. 2020 • Classification and registration of enterprises in rural India. • Permanent employee in enterprises and sharing of labour cost. 2025 • Social and financial security to 300 million in rural India. • Classification and registration of enterprises in urban India. 2030 • Social and financial security for urban India. • Creating employment at an average rate of 2.5 % to sustain security. Social Security ahead
  12. 12. References: •Project report of planning commission on restructuring the unorganized sector in India Sheila Bhalla •Measuring the Informal Economy: Case Study of India Ramesh Kolli •Ministry of statistics and programme implementation budget allocation. •Access to Land in Rural India-Policy Issues and Options Robin Mearns •Conference Paper 2012 Malawi Human Resource Development for Poverty Reduction; Strategies for theInformal Sector Harry Gerson Kamdima & Fanny Tasiye Nkunika • Paper presented at IARIW-SAIM Conference on “Measuring the Informal Economy in Developing Countries” Dr. Ajay Kumar Naik •Human Development and the urban informal sector in Indonesia Edi Suharto

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