NITKSOCH

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NITKSOCH

  1. 1. PROBLEMS  Agriculture productivity loopholes- lack of technology and administrative innovations.  66% of population engaged in agriculture yet its contribution to GDP is just 15%.  Lack of effective implementation of the existing policies like Kisan Green Card ,Krishi Vikas Yojana.  Productivity efficiency in India is half as compared to USA, Egypt ,China  Small land holdings is a major problem in India , even China had the same problem (solved by leased/ scientific farming).  Possible Inference-Unscientific method ,devoid of technology and lack of inter-network implementation in agricultural economic policies.
  2. 2. SOLUTION PROPOSED  Building village networks, incorporating entrepreneurial investment and extensive training in farming can be a feasible innovation to combat the crises. A) Provision for extensive training to the farmers- the farmers should be called for agricultural training via camps organised by Panchayat job person. This back to back information will keep the farmers update with the climate ,crop to be grown in such condition , new hybrid seed , and hence it will help increasing productivity . The farmers could perform all types of lab tests within these centres of schooling camps which will not be more than 3-5 km from their location for easy access. The farmers should be taught about the agriculture engineering at the first step near their village. B) Building village networks- a small group of farmers (5-10 in number) can be connected forming self groups who will jointly apply for loans and subsidies. The process will be facilitated via Panchayat job person. The network will link MNC’s to establish and promote horticulture, pisciculture, apiculture, organic farming and vertical farming (in orchards) C) Incorporating entrepreneur investment- Big Indian companies like TATA, Birla etc. should be involved in agriculture sector. For example Tata Kisan Sansar. These will help farmers provide the related machinery and install small scale plants like Gobar gas plants, sugarcane plants , poultry farm etc.
  3. 3. HOW TO IMPLEMENT  Building a village network: people group together and raise money for setting up poultry farms ,fisheries.  The person appointed per Panchayat would facilitate for the above.  These groups represented as single entity and loans can be easily accessible and returned in better way aided by framing of new policies related to group-loaning.  Different farmers are included so that the exchange of agricultural views could be made along with promoting dairy/ poultry farming (which enhances standard of farmers).  Collaboration of poor farmers with rich farmers on economic terms and conditions.  Investment in agricultural technology by the groups increases productivity.  Farmers could be cooperated at inter-village level for dairy/poultry farms, biogas plants and sugarcane plants etc.  The groups will jointly contract with MNC’s or banks and share the agricultural profits.
  4. 4. HOW TO Implement  The incorporating entrepreneur investment  The MNCs should invest in contract farming . The Tata chemicals have undertaken an initiative in this respect covering 250 villages in name of Tata kisan sansar.  The government alone can’t take along with projects but the public sector companies should also come as helping hand. The big companies / rich industries should industrialize the village circle(20-30) by promotion of processed agricultural supplies industries.  They should try to establish bio gas plant setups, cold storages ,horticulture products for providing good qualities of meat, fish of cities (incorporating farmer groups and sharing profits)  These MNC’s would provide requisite resources and monitor the growth aided by Panchayat job person.  The entrepreneurship can be developed in dairy farms interconnecting many villages maintaining the supply of good hybrid animals for milk production.(making a centre for dairy/poultry farms accessing animals together)  Promoting organic farming which is the need of the time(incorporating groups and results of agricultural research's via Panchayat job person).  The funds shall be raised either by banks /private investors in collaboration with govt.(in form of subsidies).Here productivity increases with provision of profit motive for industries.
  5. 5. HOW TO IMPLEMENT Training to the farmers-  There is a need for educating and creating awareness among farmers. This can be done campaigning at Panchayat level by agricultural specialists aided by camps organised under supervision of panchayat job person.  Here the farmer will learn about lab testing, climate changes & its effects on agriculture, promotion of more nutritious organic food which yields organic fertilizers and runs bio plants etc.
  6. 6. TECHNICAL APPLICATION via training  To plant water caltrop where water runs slow during rains or over canals to prevent loss of water via evaporation .  To adopt the cut edge land for rice cultivation as in Egypt saving 40% water.  The farmers shall be trained for promoting village tourism which will earn foreign investment.  Farmers should promote growing of flowers in orchards, grapes and vegetables having vines.  The govt. can also create a job in name of Panchayat job person(selected via competition from agricultural universities) posted in Panchayat.
  7. 7. IMPACT OF THE SOLUTION  The effect of the idea can be observed with the increase in yield of agricultural productivity.  The modern technology when applied will raise standard of living.  The creation of job at Panchayat level will combat unemployment.  The agriculture sector would be promoted via increasing number of students in agricultural universities/ creating new universities.
  8. 8. CHALANGES AND MITIGATION FACTOR  Winning the trust of rich people/ MNC’s entrepreneurs for investment in agriculture sector for making groups of farmers at inter-village/ intra-village.  The lagging inertia of farmers to learn new technologies/ organisational settings for group- formation.  Making people aware of the new technologies via camps.  Setting of agricultural universities/ increasing number of students.  Creation of competition in agriculture sector.
  9. 9. MERITS IF IMPLEMENTED  Boost agricultural productivity from all sides.  Farmers will deal in agriculture as a business under strict supervision of rich/established company so efficiency and productivity increases.  Lack of training is a very drastic loss causing 40% lost post harvesting of agricultural products, which will be prevented under expert supervision of Panchayat job person.  Increasing competitive feeling/ employment thereby developing agricultural sector and productivity matching international standards.
  10. 10. APPENDIX  Yojana magazine(haryana).  www.faostat.org  Tata kisan sansar(Tata pvt. ltd.).  The Indian Expresse (organic farming).  National Agricultural policies.  Wikipedia (vertical farming)

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