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Improving Primary Education
Ensuring basic reading, writing and arithmetic skills for all
S. Chockalingam
Adit Ravi
Neeraj...
The Problem
India has 191 million primary students(2001) but the output of education is a
cause for big concern as can be ...
Solution Strategy
High teacher absenteeism – Monitoring system
• Weekly monitoring of teacher attendance by locally employ...
Solution Strategy
Quality of education
• Creating and cataloging a large online database of teaching learning
material. Us...
Central Team
Data
Analysis
Team
IT
Team
Feedback
Team
Economics
Team
Organizing
Team
Ground
Personnel Lok Shiksha Sabha (L...
Details of the model – A model for 15 schools
The different organs and their functions:
Ground personnel ( 2 per school =>...
Details of the model – A model for 15 schools
Teaching staff
(a) Voluntary teachers: Recruiting motivated and socially res...
Lok Shiksha Sabha
Members: All parents, augmented SSA VEC members, teaching staff, Principal
•Meets every month to decide ...
Sample Timeline of Events Impact
End of day
Ground staff takes
attendance of students as
well as teachers
End of week
Grou...
Economics and Feasibility
Estimated Expenses(for 15 schools per annum, all figures in INR)
Staff Number Salary per month
(...
Risks, Challenges and Plausible solutions
Risk Plausible solutions
Insincere ground personnel • Proper screening to ensure...
References
[1] http://www.asercentre.org/education/data/india/statistics/level/p/66.html
[2] http://goo.gl/jkhv7u
[3] http...
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Nirbhaya1729

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Nirbhaya1729

  1. 1. Improving Primary Education Ensuring basic reading, writing and arithmetic skills for all S. Chockalingam Adit Ravi Neeraja Abhyankar Satya Vandana Gorle Sahil Sharma Team : Nirbhaya1729
  2. 2. The Problem India has 191 million primary students(2001) but the output of education is a cause for big concern as can be seen from the graphs. Teacher Involvem- ent • Low motivational levels of teachers • High Teacher absenteeism – 25% in 2003[2] • Poor performance of existing teachers Social factor • Parents’ reluctance due to socio-economic factors • Poor Student retention (58% drop out) • Socio Cultural factors- Girls’ education Quality of education • RTE – cause of downfall in the quality of education? • Drop in learning levels as can be seen from the graphs • Highly relaxed criteria for passing students. Paucity of teachers • A lack of respect for the teaching profession • Low teacher salaries- A myth [3] Systemic flaws • Inadequate teacher accountability • Lack of proper monitoring [1] [1] All figures in %
  3. 3. Solution Strategy High teacher absenteeism – Monitoring system • Weekly monitoring of teacher attendance by locally employed ground personnel • Evaluation of teacher performance by Village Education Committee Student retention at school and high drop out rates • Strict o itori g of stude ts’ atte da ce with regular i ti atio of parents • Attendance based monetary benefits as incentive to send children to school ( example : subsidy on ration items) • Making school enjoyable for students ( example : Interactive learning) • Monitoring the quality of mid-day meal • Awareness drives in the pre-enrollment phase Paucity of teachers – Voluntary teachers • Recruiting motivated and socially responsible professionals and graduates • Involving part-timers like housewives and retired people on a slot based system
  4. 4. Solution Strategy Quality of education • Creating and cataloging a large online database of teaching learning material. Using interactive learning material in the class • A student mentor system explained later (using college students) • Monthly ASSET [4] like standardized tests for effective evaluation • Monthly auditing of each school (like Paheli [5] for villages) People empowerment • An augmented SSA (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan) [6] Village Education committee(VEC) for education related decisions • Community empowerment and involvement by including the parent body and others in a large local body called Lok Shiksha Sabha, which will play an active role in identifying issues Overall evaluation • A detailed feedback and audit system to ensure parent satisfaction, good infrastructure, services and facilities
  5. 5. Central Team Data Analysis Team IT Team Feedback Team Economics Team Organizing Team Ground Personnel Lok Shiksha Sabha (LSS) (Regular Teachers, Parents, Voluntary teaching staff) Student Mentors Part timers Voluntary teaching staff Augmented SSA VEC (Village Education Committee) Organizational Structure
  6. 6. Details of the model – A model for 15 schools The different organs and their functions: Ground personnel ( 2 per school => 30 for 15 schools) •Collect daily attendance of students and teachers •Check quality of mid-day meal every week •Intimate parents of frequent absentees of the week and record reason for absence ( say 50 absentees per school per day => approx. 3 student visits per day per personnel) •Submits the above reports and test reports to the Data Analysis Team at Block Office Data analysis team (5 data analysts at the Block Office) •Maintain updated electronic database of students, parents, test reports •Analyze reports periodically and make intuitive reports of attendance, performance to be presented in the LSS (Lok Shiksha Sabha) meeting •Inform teachers when their attendance falls in a week and record reasons for absence IT Team •Provides front end and back end support to the whole system ( ex – Maintaining the computerized database) • Makes a library of related online learning material for the students and make it accessible to them
  7. 7. Details of the model – A model for 15 schools Teaching staff (a) Voluntary teachers: Recruiting motivated and socially responsible professionals and graduates to work as teachers for periods of 3-6 months (successful example – Teach for India [7] initiative ).These teachers go on awareness drives on education, related social issues like education of girl child during the pre- enrollment phase. (b) Part-time staff: Employ qualified people on a slot based system to address paucity of teachers ( ex – educated housewives, retired people, unemployed graduates). They are paid per slot. (c) Student mentors ( at least 450 mentors for 15 schools): • College students who are mentors for students in nearby schools •They work as part of a credited course (say a course like the existing NSS) •Student – mentor ratio of 5:1 to be maintained Organising team: •Student mentor managers (15 per block, stationed at the Block Office) Manage the student mentors, collect monthly student status reports from them, make individual reports based on them and a compiled report for all students to be submitted in the LSS •Teacher staff managers (5 per block, stationed at the Block Office): Recruit voluntary teachers, part-time staff and schedule classes (example – allotting slots to a part-timer when a teacher is absent)
  8. 8. Lok Shiksha Sabha Members: All parents, augmented SSA VEC members, teaching staff, Principal •Meets every month to decide the agenda of the monthly ASSA VEC meeting •Goes through attendance reports, student status reports, audit reports, school test reports, ASSET like test reports and holds discussions •A parent – teacher meeting to discuss individual reports •Forum for any form of complaints, issues, suggestions from parents and the system Augmented Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Village Education Committee: The decision making body which has the structure of SSA VEC , augmented with 10 parent representatives and 2 teacher representatives (one for the regular teachers and one for the voluntary teachers). •Meets monthly after the LSS meeting, discuss issues raised by LSS and acts on them (ex – Filing a complaint against the non-cooperative teaching staff at the DEO) •Decides budget for local education related expenses •Provides for monetary benefits to parents of students with good attendance (ex- For Attendance > 70% , an extra subsidized LPG cylinder per year per family ) Feedback team •Collect audit based feedback from all organs of the model, parents and make intuitive reports based on them to be given to the LSS •Handle internal complaints and keep the system happy  Details of the model – A model for 15 schools
  9. 9. Sample Timeline of Events Impact End of day Ground staff takes attendance of students as well as teachers End of week Ground staff submits attendance report to analysis team. Obtains list of frequent absentees and visits them. Student mentors visit schools Twice in a semester Standardised tests (ASSET like) conducted, scores appended to report Pre-enrolment stage: • Recruit voluntary teachers and other staff required. • Volu tary teachers i teract with stude ts’ pare ts to emphasize the importance of education End of month •Audits of infrastructure and midday meal submitted to analysis team •Lok Shiksha Sabha meets body of parents, school teachers committee and all employees. Open meeting. •Committee meets after the Sabha. Acts on the issues raised. •Student Mentors report to mentor managers Criteria to measure impact : • Attendance of teachers and students. • Performance in standardised tests • Infrastructure and facilities in schools Scalability and Sustainability : • Can be implemented as pilot project in a few districts and then expanded, with modifications depending on its shortcomings. • 60 people (excluding voluntary teachers) employed for every 15 schools. Expected Outcome : •About 4000 students to be ensured quality primary education for an annual investment of about 1.2 crores ( Rs 3000 per student per year). • Increased awareness and community involvement .
  10. 10. Economics and Feasibility Estimated Expenses(for 15 schools per annum, all figures in INR) Staff Number Salary per month (in INR) Total per month(in INR) Ground Personnel 30 8000 2,40,000 Voluntary Teachers 15 15000 2,25,000 Data Analysis Team 5 12000 60,000 Student Mentor Managers 15 12000 1,80,000 Teaching Staff Managers 5 10000 50,000 Slots(Part timers) 100 per month 150 per slot 15,000 Feedback Team 5 12000 60,000 Total per month : 8,30,000 Total salary expense per annum = 99,60,000 Miscellaneous expenses = 20,00,000 (Office cost, transport, subsidy, incentives etc) Total expenditure per annum = 1.2 crores(approx) Sources of funding : Government grants & Donations from corporate sector
  11. 11. Risks, Challenges and Plausible solutions Risk Plausible solutions Insincere ground personnel • Proper screening to ensure motivated people are recruited • Principal takes the ground staffs attendance • In extreme cases, take ground staff's biometric attendance Lesser number of voluntary teachers/ student mentors in some places More digital learning like video lectures, online notes etc Large money involvement leading to corruption at office level • Proper economic audit by an external agency • A website accessible by the public which clearly shows details of all transactions Low participation in the LSS and ASSA VEC meetings Complementary meal during the meeting
  12. 12. References [1] http://www.asercentre.org/education/data/india/statistics/level/p/66.html [2] http://goo.gl/jkhv7u [3] http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=3160 [4] http://www.assetonline.in/asset_online/index.php [5] http://www.indiawaterportal.org/source/paheli-peoples-audit-health-education- and-livelihoods [6] http://ssa.nic.in/main_page [7] http://www.teachforindia.org ***End of Presentation*** Resources Used http://mhrd.gov.in/documents/term/137 http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/TLLWxKjaJG790cs99bIv2L/Challenges-to-primary- education.html http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/nSU6PpzDw9Qi1Pbp11nviI/Using-evidence-for-better- policy-case-of-primary-education.html http://www.dseap.gov.in/Educational%20Statistics.pdf http://indiancag.org/manthan/research-documents/primary-education.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_China#Primary_education

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