Manthan Topic : BOOSTING SKILLSET
Increasing the employability of youth
TEAM NAME - “NAVYUG”
Team Coordinator – Akanksha Singh
Team Members –
1. Garima Kapoor 3.Sucheta Rai
2. Rajni Yadav 4. Varsha Doharey
The main hope of a nation lies in the proper education of the YOUTH –
According to UNESCO “Youth” is best understood as a period of transition from the dependence of childhood to adulthood’s
independence. However, age is the easiest way to define this group, particularly in relation to education and employment.
According to the Census of India 2001 , the total population of India was 1,028.61 million .Nearly 40% of the population was in the age group 0f
13-35 years , the number of youth aged 15-24 years accounted for 19.0 % of the whole population.
1.The first National Youth Policy was formulated in 1988 in India. In 1985, the international year of the youth, the Department of Youth
Affairs , Ministry of Human Resource Development , Government of India initiated a proposal to formulate a National Youth Policy.
Removal of unemployment had been recognized as the most important component of this youth program .
1.2 Some of the need and concerns for youth according to this National Youth Policy , 1988 were –
• Developing an identity - Encourage youth to explore themselves and try to establish their own identity.
• Inability to pursue education – many adolescents drop out of school because of poverty. There is inadequate opportunity to continue
education and upgrade vocational skills.
• Lack of skills to face the challenges of life.
•There is also an urgent need to strengthen power of
volunteerism to engage young people.
Medium to long-term trends of unemployment
indicate that all through the 1990s and the
following period of five years, there was a
steady rise in unemployment rates, measured
either in terms of person-days or in terms of open
unemployment rates. (Figure 3)
Figure 3: Unemployment Rate (in %) over the Years
The National Youth Policy - 2003 is designed to galvanize the youth to rise up to the new challenges keeping in view the global scenario, and
aims at motivating them to be active and committed participants in the exciting task of National Development.
The NYP 2010 is a step forward from the earlier Policy formulated in 1988 and, later, in 2003. It reaffirms commitment of the nation to the
holistic development of the young people of the country, keeping in view the changing scenario in the country due to globalization it mainly
focuses on the Youth in slums; migrant youth,rural youth ,tribal youth, Youth at risk substance abuse, human trafficking, working in hazardous
occupations, bonded labour, Youth in violent conflicts participants or victims, Out of school or dropouts from formal educational mainstream,
Groups that suffer from social or moral stigma, Youth in observation homes, orphanages or prisons.
Ajay Makhen unveils Draft National Youth Policy 2012
Proposes Nine Youth Target Groups; Reduces Age Bracket & Prescribes for Youth Development Indices In addition, the Draft Policy proposes
to change the target age group from the existing 13-35 years to 16-30 years. It aims at empowering youth through skill
development for enhancing employability and providing entrepreneurship opportunities through convergence with other
Shrinking the target age group defining youth from the existing 13-35 years to 16-30 years and inclusion of groups —
transgender, gay and lesbians along with those infected with HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis who suffer from social or moral
stigma — in a new category are some of the salient features of the draft National Youth Policy (NYP) 2012.
CHALLENGES FACED BY THE YOUTH IN INDIA FOR
1. Low literacy level
• According to the 2011 census ,82% of youth in India are literate . Compared to the adult literacy rate here the youth literacy rate is
about 9% higher. Which may seem to be very good achievement but we need to take out that lens and come to the world of
reality that still 18% Indian Youth cannot read and write .Despite Right to Free and Compulsory education there is a failure to
ensure cent percent enrolment of children in schools.
people in own
person at taluka
on of PEP*
* PEP stands for Primary Education
SOME OF THE MINISTRIES FROM 17 MINISTRIES THAT PROVIDE YOUTH DEVELOPMENT SKILLS:
• Promotional Female
health training centres
• Basic Training to health
workers for women
• Family Welfare
Training Centre for
•Support to training and
Key elements to the Youth
Development approach are :
• Youth are viewed as a valued and respected asset to society
• Policies and programs focus on the evolving developmental needs and
tasks of adolescents, and involve youth as partners rather than clients
• Families, schools and communities are engaged in developing the
surroundings that support development of youth.
• Adolescents are involved in activities that enhance their competence,
connections, character, confidence and contribution to society
• Adolescents are provided an opportunity to experiment in a safe
environment and to develop positive social values and norms
• Adolescents are engaged in activities that promote self-understanding,
self-worth, and a sense of belonging and resiliency
Logical framework for youth development
The developed sense of
responsibility and volunteerism
amongst the direct group which
will lead to partial reduction in
petty crimes ,drug abuse and
family violence in the area .
Develop a youth group through
various measures , eg -: group
work ,screening of movies in
demand as well as giving
moralistic message and making
sports accessories available to
Formation of a close group ready
to participate in welfare
Awareness towards issue
affecting their lives .
Academically improve youth
group and motivating them to
Reduction in medical problem of
Certified participants of some
programs should be preferred in
the job opportunity .
Exposing the youth to different
job opportunities according to
their skills and knowledge.
of passive and
school to work
Revision of the
Young people supply
Supply of skilled
HIGH YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
• Compatibility of unemployment benefits with the start of self-employed
• The aim is to promote collective entrepreneurship and encourage the
inclusion of young unemployed persons aged under 30 in Social Economy
• Reduce non-wage labour costs to increase employment prospects for young
• . Ensure that efforts to improve talents and skills include ICT or digital training and
raise the category of vocational knowledge and skills, guaranteeing that study
courses and ICT certifications are in line with comparable international standards.
•Introduce courses for taking in concern of the youth like courses for becoming
DJ,RJ,photography ,music ,dancing and fashion should be introduce as an proper
course for the youth interested in it.
•Increasing languages diplomas courses and disseminate its importance.
• To initiate programmes which employ people to help the environment clean.
• Employ youth in protection of flora and fauna by giving jobs in Biosphere
Reserves and wildlife Sanctuaries.
• Employment of person for cleaning rivers in India like Clean Ganga Action Plan.
“ EARN WHILE
SURE SHOT ACHIEVABLE TARGETS
• Increase investment in agriculture development.
• Making agriculture as an profession not just considering as an age old
practice by educating them with techniques to develop agriculture as an
• Disproportional representation of the administration and technical skill
holders and counterpart deserving post
• The requisite up scaling and downscaling of appointees so as to emerge the
latent vacant post
• Supervisory and regulatory board/positions to ensure nepotism free and
redtapism free-professional and workplace environment.
• We need to promote the senior ones as per their capabilities so that new
places can be vacant ,aspiring and the deserving youth can be employed on
SELECTION OF THE
• Early exploration of productive and profit rendering talents and mandatory
guidance of the career trajectory so as to earn and live by it.
• Professional, social and psychological enhancement in the form of training
and work shops media,etc, form the very early stages in order to streamline
of potentially talented shapers of India into a sure way
• Census of India , 2001
• Final Report of the Working Group on Youth
Affairs and Adolescents’ Development for
formulation of 11th Five Year Plan (2007-
• National youth policy 2003
• National Youth Policy 2010 (NYP 2010)
• Exposure Draft National Youth Policy 2012