• In India, discriminatory attitudes towards men
and women have existed for generations and
affect the lives of both genders.
• Although the constitution of India has
granted men and women equal rights, gender
disparity still remains
Phases of Gender Discrimination
• Infancy to Childhood
. The cultural construct of Indian society which
reinforces gender bias against men and
women, with varying degrees and variable
contexts against the opposite sex, has led to
the continuation of India’s strong preference
for male children. Female infanticide, a sex-
selective abortion, is adopted and strongly
reflects the low status of Indian women.
• Childhood to Adulthood and Education
• Education is not widely attained by Indian
women. Although literacy rates are
increasing, female literacy rate lags behind
the male literacy rate.
• As per Literacy Rate Census of India 2001 and
2011 comparisons. Literacy for females
stands at 65.46%, compared to 82.14% for
males. An underlying factor for such low
literacy rates are parents' perceptions that
education for girls are a waste of resources
as their daughters would eventually live with
their husbands' families and they will not
benefit directly from educational investment.
Adulthood and Onwards
• Discrimination against women has contributed
to gender wage differentials, with Indian
women on average earning 64% of what their
male counterparts earn for the same
occupation and level of qualification.
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
• Crime Against Women
MEANING OF CRIME / VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
• “The Semantic meaning of „crime against women‟ is direct or
indirect physical or mental cruelty to women. Crimes which are
„directed specifically against women‟ and in which „only women
are victims‟ are characterized as „Crime Against Women‟3.
• It is equally important to clarify the concept of „Violence‟ against
women. Violence is also known as abuse and include any sort of
physical aggression or misbehave. When violence is committed at
home it becomes domestic violence and involves family members
such as children, spouse, parents or servants. Domestic violence
may involve different means such as hitting, kicking, biting, shoving,
restraining, throwing objects. In broad terms, it includes threats,
sexual abuse, emotional abuse, controlling or domineering,
• Rape (Section 376 IPC) (incidence 24,206 , Rate:2.0)
• Under this brutal crime, as a citizen of India ,I
suggest the culprits behind the rape should be
punished brutally to the extent of how much the
victim has suffered. Though India is a Democratic
country and not a monarchy where the culprits are
not punished in front of the public and are humiliated
but this is the reason these demons or monsters are
still roaming around freely and committing the crime.
There should be fast track courts should be there.
Security devices,gps settings should be included
,physical training for school students. For molesting 2
years and for rape 14 years is not a big punishment.
• Domestic violence
• Awareness to women should be given,they should not
suffer,they need to raise their voice against men.If they
need divorce from ttheir husbands,they should be
• Child MARRIAGE
• Girl Children must be supported for their education
and people who force them to marriage must be put in
prison and should not be provided bail also.
• It should not be taken.Whoever takes it should be fined
heavily and put in prison for atleast 3 years.