Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Manthan Topic: Mission Shiksha Team Details: Aditya Suman Arpit Jain Sachin Agrawal Shikhar Sharma Sindhukush Stepping Stones: Enhancing the quality of primary education College: IIT Kanpur
  2. 2. Possible causes: - Dropouts from primary school - 58% of children do not complete primary education - Hypothesis: There is a lack of interest due to cramming and lack of money. Also people are unaware of the advantages of education - Poor infrastructural facilities & lack of qualified teachers - 95.2% of schools do not meet the RTE infrastructure indicators - Youth considers teaching in school as the last option for employment - Hypothesis: Low fund. Only 3.1% of GDP of India is spent on education as compared to 5.5% of US. Low salary of teachers - Mismanagement from govt. side - Plans like Mid-day meals are not implemented properly, recent accident of children dying after having pesticide contaminated meals in Chhapra, Bihar proves this - Hypothesis: Corruption in India at every level Data on this slide is taken from reference 1 Increase in enrolment but decline in ability to do basic math and reading textbooks 96.5% of all children aged 6-14 years being enrolled in school, only 53.4% of children in Class V could read Class II level textbooks We concentrate on two basic factors hindering the primary education: - Lack of funds, more importantly, proper use of them - Lack of awareness among people to provide education to all their children
  3. 3. Raising funds From where can we have money required in primary education? Step 1: Collecting funds •Companies with revenue > Rs. 10 crore will pay 0.5% of their profit •Companies with revenue < Rs. 10 crore will pay 0.1% of their profit •NRIs would be encouraged to donate substantial amount for this cause Step 2: Administrating funds •A non-profit organization will be set up consisting of IAS officers at the top and having representatives (retired school principles) in every district •It will be responsible for maintaining regularity among teachers and students, which would improve the quality of education •It will not be accountable to govt. (to avoid corruption), accountable only to supreme court Step 3: Channeling funds •The schools will be given funds according to the number of students studying there •It will be monitored by school representatives •They would also ensure that the funds are properly used
  4. 4. Organization hierarchy and selection Who will be there in it? National Level •A board of directors of 8 people consisting of top academicians/retired judges •Selected by collegium system •They will be responsible for addressing companies for issues State Level •A team of 4 leaders in each state, accountable to board of directors •They will plan the course of future events and also assist the directors in their work •Responsible for contacting NRIs and requesting for funds District Level •Newly recruited IAS officers, who are active enough to coordinate with schools •They will have to monitor whether the fund is properly used •They would have to maintain transparency by publishing monthly fund distribution details School Level •The principle of the school will be local head, who will get the fund for the school •Accountable to district level IAS officers for expenditure of the money
  5. 5. Challenges to this proposal Why it may not work? The proposal may discourage foreign companies to invest in India because of the significant amount they have to contribute Corruption in the companies may increase as they will show less revenue (promotion to black money) Effect on companies Hierarchal reduction is required in the education system of India, which will be a major challenge in the proposed solution Honesty in the new system is required and maintaining the same will be a challenge Implementation Merit of the proposed solution Why would it work? Working principles Improving the base - The district level officers will conduct social awareness campaigns in the district. He/she will also conduct random visits to schools for inspection - School representatives will submit a report to the officers detailing about every enrolled student and the expenditure on him/her - The officers will publish district level reports accessible by general public - The proposed system does not involve government or its officials at large, eventually reducing the risk of corruption - The schools will now be getting adequate funds which is not possible by existing government policies - The salary of the teachers can also be hiked now, which would attract qualified individuals into teaching - The companies can also boost their corporate social responsibilities by participating in this - Empowers young educated people to contribute significantly towards India’s growth -
  6. 6. Social Awareness Campaign by high school students How to change the prevailing orthodox mentality? •Projects to be included in high school curriculum which would involve bringing awareness among poor people about importance of education •Students will spend at least one month at the assigned place preferably in summer vacation Campaign Outline •The project would consist of talking personally to the poor parents and children •They may demonstrate the importance by citing biographies of successful people of the place Contents •Parents would be surveyed by the concerned class teacher •Monetary compensation/awards will be given to students who could influence the parents and children efficiently Evaluation Explanation - This campaign can also be extended to first year college students, since most of them are free in the summer - Students going on these projects would be provided with housing (in govt hostels, ashrams etc), fooding and sufficient stipend - Apart from these, basic farming education may be introduced in the primary and secondary curriculum, which would encourage rural parents to send their children to schools as they would be learning something relevant to their (parents’) work
  7. 7. AnnualBudgetBreakup District Level Rs. 2 Crore (Assuming 50 participating schools per district) School Level Rs. 4,00,000 (100 students from IX, X class) Student Level Rs. 4000 (1000 – Housing, 1800 – Food, 500 – Travel, Stipend - 700) The plan would require a funding of roughly Rs. 2 Crore per district. This amount will be obtained partly from the government’s education budget as well as from the 0.1% / 0.5% contribution from the private sector as mentioned earlier. Estimated financial requirements for proposed solution Money matters
  8. 8. Challenges to this proposal Why it may not work? •Teachers may themselves discourage the students to go on campaigns and produce fake reports for submission •Students may not take the work seriously and end up with fake reports Corruption •People may not send their children on the campaigns because of parental concernsTravel Issue •Students may not be able to influence people or poor people may not listen to them over their preferences •Improper information conveyed by students may lead to adverse impact on the people’s mentality Lack of Maturity Merit of the proposed solution Why would it work? - Poor children would be encouraged by witnessing the effect of education on boys and girls of their own age groups - The participating school students would become socially active by witnessing the prevailing pathetic situation in India - It would also serve as an eye-opener to financially strong parents (who would send their children for these projects) to do something for the society - This campaign has to be implemented just once. If executed properly, it would bring dramatic change in all spheres
  9. 9. Impact of the solutions A cherished dream •If implemented, money will finally reach proper hands •Almost every problem of India boils down to low literacy rate (lack of quality education). In future, when everyone will have access to quality education, we can expect India to be among the developed nations Improvement in Literacy Rate •Social awareness will be a boon to Indian society as many problems are associated with it •Prevalent problems like dowry, female foeticide, child labor will undoubtedly get reduced Social awareness
  10. 10. References We are thankful 1. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-01- 15/india/28357333_1_private-schools-enrolment-education-act 2. Annual Status of Education Report 2012: http://img.asercentre.org/docs/Publications/ASER%20Reports/ASER_2012/fullase r2012report.pdf 3. http://forbesindia.com/article/briefing/primary-education-in-india-needs-a- fix/35287/1 4. http://pdel.ucsd.edu/_files/paper_2013_karthik.pdf 5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_India#Primary_education_system _in_India 6. Sonia Bhalotra, Bernarda Zamora: Primary Education in India: Prospects of Meeting the MDG Target, Research Paper No. 2006/80, UNU-WIDER 7. Presentation Template courtesy: www.fppt.com