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  1. 1. Topic: Fairness at Play: Introducing electoral reforms to reduce the influence of money and muscle power in politics “Elections are won by men and women chiefly because most people vote against somebody rather than for somebody”
  2. 2. •Lok Sabha 2009-Out of 543 new MPs, 162 (30%) have pending criminal cases against them. Comparing this to Lok Sabha 2004, affidavits were available for 536 MPs out of which 128 (24%) had pending criminal cases against them. •As the number of MPs with pending criminal cases has increased from 128 in Lok Sabha 2004 to 162 in Lok Sabha 2009, so has the number of total criminal cases pending against MPs from 430 in Lok Sabha 2004 to 522 in Lok Sabha 2009. •Out of 543 MPs, 84 have not declared their PAN details. •Out of 7810 candidates, who contested Lok Sabha 2009 elections 1158 candidates or 15% declared pending criminal cases against them. Out of these 1158 candidates with pending criminal cases, 608 had pending serious criminal cases. Candidates with pending criminal cases 1158 15% Candidates with more than 1crore assets 1249 16% Candidates without “PAN” 4863 62% Candidates with “NILL”assets 244 3% Candidates with more than 5lakh liabilities 1056 14%
  3. 3. Leaving the statistics you know the cases in which our so called “Public Representatives” are charged for: Murder & related, forgery. Attempt to murder, Bribery. Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means Wrongful confinement for three or more days Kidnapping, theft related , extortion Buying or selling minor for prostitution, Rape. Sale, etc., of obscene objects to young person. Adulteration of drugs. And other 95 serious crimes and a grand total of 869 crimes. GREAT they are charged for whooping number of crimes-869,some of which we haven’t heard of also, and some discovered new crimes even.JAI HO….! And we want such like “CRIMINALS” to rule us who are busy in amassing huge assets and crimes. Indirectly it means we are in JAIL instead of them ,as we are ruled by criminals rather than leaders.
  4. 4. In 2009 India had an electorate of 714 million (larger than the electorate of the European Union and United States combined), it was the largest democratic election in the world to date. The average election turnout over all 5 phases was around 59.7% only. Then what happened to the rest 40.3%? In this we should not only blame the government, election commission and the criminal candidates but also ourselves. Nearly 28 crores people did not turn out to vote. So where can we expect changes in this country and electoral reforms? “Voting is the expression of our commitment to ourselves, one another, this country and this world.” So each and every citizen should use his voting power.
  5. 5. Electoral reforms: •No person shall be elected to the office of the Prime Minister , Chief Minister, Union/Cabinet Minister or any Minister (with same minister ship) more than twice. •This is like Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, and it should be implemented in our country so as to decrease corruption. •He/she cannot stand/contest for the post (above) after being elected two times. •He/she should not be given the same minister ship either in state or central level more than twice. •Every minister ship should have a cabinet/main minister and a junior/supporting minister and one of them should be a senior and other a youth representative. •No person shall be allotted to more than two minister posts. That means a person can be allocated to two minister posts at maximum. •No person is allowed to contest if he/she was proven with a criminal case against him/her.
  6. 6. “Voting is fundamental in our democracy. It has yielded enormous returns” There is a serious need to increase the voting percentage in our country. Bringing awareness in people about the power of vote is very important. The minimum age for voting should be bought down to 16 years rather than 18. He/she should be in voter list or should posses a voter card when he/she attains the minimum age without fail. Failing of possession may lead to a fine. The people who have used their vote or casted their vote in the elections should be rewarded or encouraged. Those people who have voted receive a extra 2-5% in various government policies when compare to others who haven’t voted. Polling booths should be held in more places so as to ease the difficulties of the people. They should be established in various colleges(private also),schools, government offices, etc.
  7. 7. JAN LOK SABHA: Almost every parliament have two houses-upper and lower which are of course filled with corrupted and criminal representatives. Lately the parliament sessions are being of no use other than being entertainment programs for the people of the country. We can see a lot of entertainment programs like ministers watching porn, fighting, scolding one another, gymnastics, breaking of the materials to show their muscle power etc. The real purpose of parliament is not served rather something else is served. Introduction of JAN LOK SABHA may result to a change in this. Jan lok sabha is another house just as lok sabha and rajya sabha, but here instead of elected representatives common people are seated. Just as to lok sabha the members(common people ) are elected to jan lok sabha based on voting conducted through online elections. Any citizen of India is entitled to contest for the election with some rules and regulations. These members of jan lok sabha have right to question the government, opposition party and any other public representative in parliament.
  8. 8. The people who are entitled to contest should not have any criminal charges against them and should put forth their idea or questions which they are going to question in jan lok sabha at the time of elections. In this jan lok sabha 33% reservation should be given to women, 50% to youth(21- 35), and strictly no reservations based on caste, religion. There will be total no. of 545 members in this jan lok sabha and are from different parts of the country. Jan lok sabha will have same no. of constituencies as of lok sabha. Jan lok sabha will be active only in Rainy sessions of parliament. The members of jan lok sabha are seated in lok sabha itself and have the rights to questionnaire public representatives in lok sabha. New bills can be introduced in jan lok sabha and the bills which receive highest no. of votes or which passes in jan lok sabha should be introduced in lok sabha for hearing and voting process. Rules and regulations ,which lok sabha has apply to jan lok sabha. It is the primary duty of the questioned public representative to answer the member of the jan lok sabha.
  9. 9. Implementation of the Solutions: These solutions are nearly impossible to be applied or followed because no government would do such thing, if it does, it would result to a revolutionary change. Separate committee should be allocated in election commission to conduct fair elections for jan lok sabha. Election commission should be given more powers and should not be pressurised by any means. The funds for elections to jan lok sabha should be collected as donations offered by the common people. There should be serious measures taken to increase the voting percentage in the country. The no. of re-elections, bi-elections , mid-term elections should decrease because they effect the economy to a large extent. Legal issues and constitutional amendments should be taken care before implementing jan lok sabha.
  10. 10. Team members: i. Rohith Raj ii. Sarat chandra iii. Sai kiran iv. Sai saketh v. Anush neelakantam "That government is best which governs least...“ -Henry David Thoreau